down; downwards; below; lower; later; next (week etc); second (of two parts); to decline; to go down; to arrive at (a decision, conclusion etc); measure word to show the frequency of an action

strokes 3
strokes after radical 2
按下 按下 an4 xia4
to press down; to press a button

按下葫芦浮起瓢 按下葫蘆浮起瓢 an4 xia4 hu2 lu2 fu2 qi3 piao2
solve one problem only to find another cropping up

白下 白下 bai2 xia4
Baixia district of Nanjing City 南京市 in Jiangsu 江蘇|江苏

白下区 白下區 bai2 xia4 qu1
Baixia district of Nanjing City 南京市 in Jiangsu 江蘇|江苏

包打天下 包打天下 bao1 da3 tian1 xia4
to run everything (idiom); to monopolize the whole business; not allow anyone else to have a look in

卑下 卑下 bei1 xia4
base; low

备下 備下 bei4 xia4
to prepare; to arrange (sth to be offered)

笔底下 筆底下 bi3 di3 xia4
ability to write

比上不足比下有余 比上不足比下有餘 bi3 shang4 bu4 zu2 bi3 xia4 you3 yu2
to fall short of the best but be better than the worst; can pass muster

笔下 筆下 bi3 xia4
the wording and purport of what one writes

比下去 比下去 bi3 xia4 qu4
to defeat; to be superior to

笔下生花 筆下生花 bi3 xia4 sheng1 hua1
to write elegantly

陛下 陛下 bi4 xia4
Your Majesty; His or Her Majesty

兵临城下 兵臨城下 bing1 lin2 cheng2 xia4
soldiers at the city walls (idiom); fig. at a critical juncture

不耻下问 不恥下問 bu4 chi3 xia4 wen4
not feel ashamed to ask and learn from one's subordinates

不分高下 不分高下 bu4 fen1 gao1 xia4
equally matched; not much to distinguish who is stronger

不分上下 不分上下 bu4 fen1 shang4 xia4
not to know one's place

不愧下学 不愧下學 bu4 kui4 xia4 xue2
not ashamed to learn from subordinates (idiom)

布下 布下 bu4 xia4
to arrange; to lay out

不下 不下 bu4 xia4
to be not less than (a certain quantity, amount etc)

部下 部下 bu4 xia4
troops under one's command; subordinate

不下于 不下于 bu4 xia4 yu2
as many as; no less than; not inferior to; as good as; on a par with

不相上下 不相上下 bu4 xiang1 shang4 xia4
equally matched; about the same

不在话下 不在話下 bu4 zai4 hua4 xia4
to be nothing difficult; to be a cinch

拆下 拆下 chai1 xia4
to dismantle; to take apart

产下 產下 chan3 xia4
to bear (give birth)

撤下 撤下 che4 xia4
to withdraw; to remove (from a place); to remove from office

臣下 臣下 chen2 xia4
official in feudal court; subject

承上起下 承上起下 cheng2 shang4 qi3 xia4
to follow the past and herald the future (idiom); part of a historical transition; forming a bridge between earlier and later stages

吃不下 吃不下 chi1 bu5 xia4
not feel like eating; be unable to eat any more

创下 創下 chuang4 xia4
to establish; to set (a new record)

创下高票房 創下高票房 chuang4 xia4 gao1 piao4 fang2
to set a box office record

垂下 垂下 chui2 xia4
to hang down

打天下 打天下 da3 tian1 xia4
to seize power; to conquer the world; to establish and expand a business; to carve out a career for oneself

打下 打下 da3 xia4
to lay (a foundation); to conquer (a city etc); to shoot down (a bird etc)

打下手 打下手 da3 xia4 shou3
to act in a supporting role; fig. to play second fiddle

大树底下好乘凉 大樹底下好乘涼 da4 shu4 di3 xia4 hao3 cheng2 liang2
lit. under a big tree the shade is plentiful (idiom); fig. to benefit by proximity to an influential person

当下 當下 dang1 xia4
immediately; at once; at that moment; at the moment

倒下 倒下 dao3 xia4
to collapse; to topple over

等而下之 等而下之 deng3 er2 xia4 zhi1
going from there to lower grades (idiom)

等一下 等一下 deng3 yi1 xia4
to wait a moment; later; in awhile

等一下儿 等一下兒 deng3 yi1 xia4 er5
erhua variant of 等一下

低三下四 低三下四 di1 san1 xia4 si4

低首下心 低首下心 di1 shou3 xia4 xin1
to be fawningly submissive (idiom)

滴下 滴下 di1 xia4

低下 低下 di1 xia4
low status; lowly; to lower (one's head)

底下 底下 di3 xia5
the location below sth; afterwards

地下 地下 di4 xia4
underground; subterranean; covert

地下核爆炸 地下核爆炸 di4 xia4 he2 bao4 zha4
nuclear underground burst; underground nuclear explosion

地下核试验 地下核試驗 di4 xia4 he2 shi4 yan4
underground nuclear test

地下室 地下室 di4 xia4 shi4
basement; cellar

地下水 地下水 di4 xia4 shui3

地下铁路 地下鐵路 di4 xia4 tie3 lu4

地下通道 地下通道 di4 xia4 tong1 dao4
underpass; subway; tunnel

殿下 殿下 dian4 xia4
Your Majesty (honorific); His or Her Highness

掉下 掉下 diao4 xia4
to drop down; to fall

丢下 丟下 diu1 xia4
to abandon

对症下药 對症下藥 dui4 zheng4 xia4 yao4
lit. to prescribe the right medicine for an illness (idiom); fig. to study a problem to find the right way to solve it; to take appropriate steps

蹲下 蹲下 dun1 xia4
to squat down; to crouch

耳下腺 耳下腺 er3 xia4 xian4
subauricular gland; parotid gland (salivary gland in the cheek)

二重下标 二重下標 er4 chong2 xia4 biao1
double subscript; doubly indexed

房下 房下 fang2 xia4
(old) one's wife

放不下 放不下 fang4 bu5 xia4
not to have room to put sth; to be unable to let go

放不下心 放不下心 fang4 bu5 xia4 xin1
cannot stop worrying

放得下 放得下 fang4 de5 xia4
to be able to accomodate; to have room for; to be able to put (sth) down

放射性落下灰 放射性落下灰 fang4 she4 xing4 luo4 xia4 hui1
radioactive fallout

放下 放下 fang4 xia4
to lay down; to put down; to let go of; to relinquish; to set aside; to lower (the blinds etc)

放下身段 放下身段 fang4 xia4 shen1 duan4
to get off one's high horse (idiom); to dispense with posturing (and adopt a more humble or empathetic attitude)

放下屠刀,立地成佛 放下屠刀,立地成佛 fang4 xia4 tu2 dao1 - li4 di4 cheng2 fo2
lay down butcher's knife, become a Buddha on the spot (idiom); instant rehabilitation; to repent and be absolved of one's crimes

放下包袱 放下包袱 fang4 xia5 bao1 fu5
to lay down a heavy burden

乶下 乶下 fu3 xia4
Polha, Korean place name in former Hamgyeongdo Province 咸鏡道|咸镜道

覆巢之下无完卵 覆巢之下無完卵 fu4 chao2 zhi1 xia4 wu2 wan2 luan3
lit. when the nest is upset no egg is left intact (idiom); fig. when one falls in disgrace the whole family is doomed

垓下 垓下 gai1 xia4
ancient place name, in Anhui province

甘拜下风 甘拜下風 gan1 bai4 xia4 feng1
to step down gracefully (humble expression); to concede defeat; to play second fiddle

冈下肌 岡下肌 gang1 xia4 ji1
infraspinatus muscle

高下 高下 gao1 xia4
relative superiority (better or worse, stronger or weaker, above or below etc)

阁下 閣下 ge2 xia4
your distinguished self; your majesty; sire

瓜田不纳履,李下不整冠 瓜田不納履,李下不整冠 gua1 tian2 bu4 na4 lv3 - li3 xia4 bu4 zheng3 guan1
lit. don't tie your shoelaces in a melon patch, and don't adjust your hat under a plum tree (idiom); fig. don't do anything that might arouse suspicion; innocent acts may be misconstrued

瓜田李下 瓜田李下 gua1 tian2 li3 xia4
abbr. for 瓜田不納履,李下不整冠|瓜田不纳履,李下不整冠

跪下 跪下 gui4 xia5
to kneel down

过不下 過不下 guo4 bu5 xia4
to be unable to continue living (in a certain manner); to be unable to make a living

汗如雨下 汗如雨下 han4 ru2 yu3 xia4
sweating like rain (idiom); to perspire profusely; sweating like a pig

颔下 頷下 han4 xia4
under one's chin

颔下腺 頷下腺 han4 xia4 xian4
submaxillary glands (biology)

黑灯下火 黑燈下火 hei1 deng1 xia4 huo3
pitch dark; also written 黑燈瞎火|黑灯瞎火

忽上忽下 忽上忽下 hu1 shang4 hu1 xia4
to fluctuate sharply

囫囵吞下 囫圇吞下 hu2 lun2 tun1 xia4
to swallow whole; (fig.) to swallow (lies etc)

花前月下 花前月下 hua1 qian2 yue4 xia4
see 月下花前

麾下 麾下 hui1 xia4
troops; subordinates; (honorific appellation for a general)

浑身上下 渾身上下 hun2 shen1 shang4 xia4
all over; from head to toe

活不下去 活不下去 huo2 bu4 xia4 qu5
impossible to make a living

活下 活下 huo2 xia4
to survive

活下去 活下去 huo2 xia4 qu4
to survive; to keep on living

急转直下 急轉直下 ji2 zhuan3 zhi2 xia4
to develop rapidly after abrupt turn (idiom); dramatic change

寄人篱下 寄人籬下 ji4 ren2 li2 xia4
to lodge under another person's roof (idiom); to live relying on sb else's charity

坚持下去 堅持下去 jian1 chi2 xia4 qu4
to press on

江河日下 江河日下 jiang1 he2 ri4 xia4
rivers pour away by the day (idiom); going from bad to worse; deteriorating day by day

降下 降下 jiang4 xia4
to fall; to drop

脚下 腳下 jiao3 xia4
under the foot

接下 接下 jie1 xia4
continuing on

接下来 接下來 jie1 xia4 lai2
to accept; to take; next; following

井下 井下 jing3 xia4
underground; in the pit (mining)

久攻不下 久攻不下 jiu3 gong1 bu4 xia4
to attack for a long time without success

居高不下 居高不下 ju1 gao1 bu4 xia4
(of prices, rates etc) to remain high

居高临下 居高臨下 ju1 gao1 lin2 xia4
to live high and look down (idiom); to overlook; to tower above; to occupy the high ground; fig. arrogance based on one's social position

举国上下 舉國上下 ju3 guo2 shang4 xia4
the entire nation; the whole country, from the leadership to the rank and file

看人下菜碟儿 看人下菜碟兒 kan4 ren2 xia4 cai4 die2 er5
(dialect) to treat sb according to their social status, relationship with them etc (idiom); not to treat everyone equally favorably

夸下海口 誇下海口 kua1 xia5 hai3 kou3
see 誇海口|夸海口

胯下物 胯下物 kua4 xia4 wu4
(slang) male member; package

胯下之辱 胯下之辱 kua4 xia4 zhi1 ru3
lit. forced to crawl between sb's legs as humiliation (idiom); humiliation

老鼠拉龟,无从下手 老鼠拉龜,無從下手 lao3 shu3 la1 gui1 - wu2 cong2 xia4 shou3
like mice trying to pull a turtle, nowhere to get a hand grip (idiom); no clue where to start

泪如雨下 淚如雨下 lei4 ru2 yu3 xia4
tears falling like rain (idiom)

礼贤下士 禮賢下士 li3 xian2 xia4 shi4
respect for the wise

历代志下 歷代志下 li4 dai4 zhi4 xia4
Second book of Chronicles

历下 歷下 li4 xia4
Lixia district of Ji'nan city 濟南市|济南市, Shandong

立下 立下 li4 xia4
to set up; to establish

历下区 歷下區 li4 xia4 qu1
Lixia district of Ji'nan city 濟南市|济南市, Shandong

两下 兩下 liang3 xia4
twice; for a little while

两下子 兩下子 liang3 xia4 zi5
a couple of times; to repeat the same; the same old trick; tricks of the trade

列王纪下 列王紀下 lie4 wang2 ji4 xia4
Second book of Kings

列王记下 列王記下 lie4 wang2 ji4 xia4
Second book of Kings

零下 零下 ling2 xia4
below zero

留下 留下 liu2 xia4
to leave behind; to stay behind; to remain; to keep; not to let (sb) go

楼下 樓下 lou2 xia4

落井下石 落井下石 luo4 jing3 xia4 shi2
to throw stones at sb who fell down a well (idiom); to hit a person who is down

落下 落下 luo4 xia4
to fall; to drop; to land (of projectile)

落于下风 落於下風 luo4 yu2 xia4 feng1
to be at a disadvantage

瞒上欺下 瞞上欺下 man2 shang4 qi1 xia4
to deceive one's superiors and bully one's subordinates (idiom)

冒天下之大不韪 冒天下之大不韙 mao4 tian1 xia4 zhi1 da4 bu4 wei3
see 冒大不韙|冒大不韪

没上没下 沒上沒下 mei2 shang4 mei2 xia4
no respect for seniors; lacking in manners

每况愈下 每況愈下 mei3 kuang4 yu4 xia4
to steadily deteriorate

每下愈况 每下愈況 mei3 xia4 yu4 kuang4
see 每況愈下|每况愈下

名满天下 名滿天下 ming2 man3 tian1 xia4
world famous

名下 名下 ming2 xia4
under sb's name

抹不下脸 抹不下臉 mo3 bu4 xia4 lian3
to be unable to keep a straight face (idiom)

目下 目下 mu4 xia4
at present

木下 木下 mu4 xia4
Kinoshita (Japanese surname)

目下十行 目下十行 mu4 xia4 shi2 hang2
see 一目十行

拿得起放得下 拿得起放得下 na2 de5 qi3 fang4 de5 xia4
lit. can pick it up or put it down (idiom); fig. to take what comes; to meet gains or losses with equanimity

拿下 拿下 na2 xia4
to arrest; to capture; to seize; to win (a set, a game etc)

男人膝下有黄金 男人膝下有黃金 nan2 ren2 xi1 xia4 you3 huang2 jin1
lit. the man has gold under his knees; fig. a man who does not easily kneel in front of others (owing to pride or moral integrity)

南下 南下 nan2 xia4
to go down south

脑下垂体 腦下垂體 nao3 xia4 chui2 ti3
pituitary glands (at the base of the skull)

能上能下 能上能下 neng2 shang4 neng2 xia4
ready to take any job, high or low

泥沙俱下 泥沙俱下 ni2 sha1 ju4 xia4
mud and sand flow together (idiom); good and bad mingle

年下 年下 nian2 xia4
lunar new year

鸟脚下目 鳥腳下目 niao3 jiao3 xia4 mu4
Ornithopoda, suborder of herbivorous dinosaurs including iguanodon

排污地下主管网 排污地下主管網 pai2 wu1 di4 xia4 zhu3 guan3 wang3
underground sewage network

抛下 拋下 pao1 xia4
to throw down; to dump; to abandon; thrown down

抛下锚 拋下錨 pao1 xia4 mao2
to drop anchor

皮层下失语症 皮層下失語症 pi2 ceng2 xia4 shi1 yu3 zheng4
subcortical aphasia

皮下 皮下 pi2 xia4
under the skin; subcutaneous (injection)

皮下的 皮下的 pi2 xia4 de5

皮下注射 皮下注射 pi2 xia4 zhu4 she4
hypodermic injection; subcutaneous injection

瓢泼而下 瓢潑而下 piao2 po1 er2 xia4
(of rain) to fall heavily

撇下 撇下 pie1 xia5
to cast away

贫下中农 貧下中農 pin2 xia4 zhong1 nong2
(category defined by the Communist Party) poor and lower-middle peasants: farmers who, before land reform, possessed little or no land (poor peasants) and those who were barely able to support themselves with their own land (lower-middle peasants)

平天下 平天下 ping2 tian1 xia4
to pacify the country

普天下 普天下 pu3 tian1 xia4
throughout the world

七上八下 七上八下 qi1 shang4 ba1 xia4
at sixes and sevens; perturbed state of mind; in a mess

骑虎难下 騎虎難下 qi2 hu3 nan2 xia4
if you ride a tiger, it's hard to get off (idiom); fig. impossible to stop halfway

旗下 旗下 qi2 xia4
under the banner of

千里之行,始于足下 千里之行,始於足下 qian1 li3 zhi1 xing2 - shi3 yu2 zu2 xia4
lit. a thousand mile journey begins with the first step; fig. big accomplishments come from an accumulation of little achievements made one by one

前部皮层下损伤 前部皮層下損傷 qian2 bu4 pi2 ceng2 xia4 sun3 shang1
anterior subcortical lesions

强将手下无弱兵 強將手下無弱兵 qiang2 jiang4 shou3 xia4 wu2 ruo4 bing1
there are no poor soldiers under a good general (idiom)

且听下回分解 且聽下回分解 qie3 ting1 xia4 hui2 fen1 jie3
to listen to the next chapter for an explanation

情急之下 情急之下 qing2 ji2 zhi1 xia4
in a moment of desperation

人行地下通道 人行地下通道 ren2 xing2 di4 xia4 tong1 dao4
pedestrian underpass

扔下 扔下 reng1 xia4
to throw down; to drop (bomb)

容下 容下 rong2 xia4
to hold; to admit; to accommodate; to tolerate

如下 如下 ru2 xia4
as follows

撒母耳记下 撒母耳記下 sa1 mu3 er3 ji4 xia4
Second book of Samuel

三下两下 三下兩下 san1 xia4 liang3 xia4
quickly and effortlessly (idiom)

三下五除二 三下五除二 san1 xia4 wu3 chu2 er4
three, set five remove two (abacus rule); efficiently; quickly and easily

伞下 傘下 san3 xia4
under the umbrella of

扫除天下 掃除天下 sao3 chu2 tian1 xia4
to sweep away evil; to purge (the world of crime)

潸然泪下 潸然淚下 shan1 ran2 lei4 xia4
to shed silent tears (idiom)

山下 山下 shan1 xia4
Yamashita (Japanese surname)

上梁不正下梁歪 上梁不正下梁歪 shang4 liang2 bu4 zheng4 xia4 liang2 wai1
lit. If the upper beam is not straight, the lower beam will be crooked (idiom); fig. subordinates imitate their superiors' vices

上气不接下气 上氣不接下氣 shang4 qi4 bu4 jie1 xia4 qi4
not enough breath (idiom); to gasp for breath

上山下乡 上山下鄉 shang4 shan1 xia4 xiang1
to work in the fields (esp. young school-leavers); forced agricultural experience for city intellectuals

上吐下泻 上吐下瀉 shang4 tu4 xia4 xie4
to vomit and have diarrhea

上下 上下 shang4 xia4
up and down; top and bottom; old and new; length; about

上下班 上下班 shang4 xia4 ban1
to start and finish work

上下班时间 上下班時間 shang4 xia4 ban1 shi2 jian1
rush hour

上下床 上下床 shang4 xia4 chuang2
bunk bed

上下其手 上下其手 shang4 xia4 qi2 shou3
to raise and lower one's hand (idiom); to signal as conspiratorial hint; fig. conspiring to defraud

上下文 上下文 shang4 xia4 wen2
(textual) context

上下文菜单 上下文菜單 shang4 xia4 wen2 cai4 dan1
context menu (computing)

上下五千年 上下五千年 shang4 xia4 wu3 qian1 nian2
popular history of China in three volumes by Cao Yuzhang 曹余章

上行下效 上行下傚 shang4 xing2 xia4 xiao4
subordinates follow the example of their superiors (idiom)

上有老下有小 上有老下有小 shang4 you3 lao3 xia4 you3 xiao3
lit. above are the elderly, below are the young (idiom); fig. to have to take care of both one's aging parents and one's children; sandwich generation

上有天堂,下有苏杭 上有天堂,下有蘇杭 shang4 you3 tian1 tang2 - xia4 you3 su1 hang2
lit. there is heaven above, and there is 蘇杭|苏杭 below (idiom); fig. the beauty and affluence of Suzhou and Hangzhou is comparable with heaven

上有政策,下有对策 上有政策,下有對策 shang4 you3 zheng4 ce4 - xia4 you3 dui4 ce4
The higher ups have policies while the lower downs have their own ways of getting around them. (idiom)

舌下 舌下 she2 xia4
sublingual; hypoglossal

舌下含服 舌下含服 she2 xia4 han2 fu4
sublingual administration (medicine)

舌下片 舌下片 she2 xia4 pian4
sublingual tablet (medicine)

舌下腺 舌下腺 she2 xia4 xian4
sublingual gland; saliva gland under tongue

舍得一身剐,敢把皇帝拉下马 捨得一身剮,敢把皇帝拉下馬 she3 de5 yi1 shen1 gua3 - gan3 ba3 huang2 di4 la1 xia4 ma3
one who does not fear the death of thousand cuts will dare to unhorse the emperor (proverb); to a fearless person, no fence is high enough

舍下 捨下 she3 xia4
to abandon; to lay down

舍下 舍下 she4 xia4
my humble home

声泪俱下 聲淚俱下 sheng1 lei4 ju4 xia4
to shed tears while recounting sth; speaking in a tearful voice

生下 生下 sheng1 xia4
to give birth to

剩下 剩下 sheng4 xia4
to remain; left over

时下 時下 shi2 xia4
at present; right now

世风日下 世風日下 shi4 feng1 ri4 xia4
public morals are degenerating with each passing day (idiom)

手下 手下 shou3 xia4
under one's control or administration; subordinates; (money etc) on hand; sb's financial means; to take action

手下留情 手下留情 shou3 xia4 liu2 qing2
lit. start off leniently (idiom); please do not be too strict with me; Do not judge me too harshly.; Look favorably on my humble efforts.

属下 屬下 shu3 xia4
subordinate; affiliated to; subsidiary

双管齐下 雙管齊下 shuang1 guan3 qi2 xia4
lit. to paint holding two brushes (idiom); fig. to work on two tasks at the same time; to attack one problem from two angles at the same time

水下 水下 shui3 xia4
under the water; submarine

水下核爆炸 水下核爆炸 shui3 xia4 he2 bao4 zha4
nuclear underwater burst; underwater nuclear explosion

水下核试验 水下核試驗 shui3 xia4 he2 shi4 yan4
underwater nuclear test

私底下 私底下 si1 di3 xia5
privately; secretly; confidentially

私下 私下 si1 xia4
in private

四下 四下 si4 xia4

四下里 四下裡 si4 xia4 li5
all around

松下 松下 song1 xia4
Matsushita (name); Panasonic (brand), abbr. for 松下電器|松下电器

松下电器 松下電器 song1 xia4 dian4 qi4
Panasonic Corporation (formerly Matsushita Electric Industrial Co.)

松下电气工业 松下電氣工業 song1 xia4 dian4 qi4 gong1 ye4
Matsushita Electronics Industry

松下公司 松下公司 song1 xia4 gong1 si1
Matsushita Electric Industrial Co.; Panasonic

塌下 塌下 ta1 xia4
to collapse

台上一分钟,台下十年功 臺上一分鐘,臺下十年功 tai2 shang4 yi1 fen1 zhong1 - tai2 xia4 shi2 nian2 gong1
ten years of practice for one minute on the stage (idiom)

台下 台下 tai2 xia4
off the stage; in the audience

躺下 躺下 tang3 xia4
to lie down

淌下 淌下 tang3 xia4
to let drip; to trickle down; to shed (tears)

天底下 天底下 tian1 di3 xia5
in this world; under the sun

天上下刀子 天上下刀子 tian1 shang4 xia4 dao1 zi5
lit. knives rain down from the sky (idiom); fig. (even if) the sky crumbles

天下 天下 tian1 xia4
land under heaven; the whole world; the whole of China; realm; rule

天下大乱 天下大亂 tian1 xia4 da4 luan4
the whole country in rebellion

天下第一 天下第一 tian1 xia4 di4 yi1
first under heaven; number one in the country

天下没有不散的筵席 天下沒有不散的筵席 tian1 xia4 mei2 you3 bu4 san4 de5 yan2 xi2
all good things must come to an end (idiom)

天下没有不散的宴席 天下沒有不散的宴席 tian1 xia4 mei2 you3 bu4 san4 de5 yan4 xi2
see 天下沒有不散的筵席|天下没有不散的筵席

天下太平 天下太平 tian1 xia4 tai4 ping2
the whole world at peace (idiom); peace and prosperity

天下无难事,只怕有心人 天下無難事,只怕有心人 tian1 xia4 wu2 nan2 shi4 - zhi3 pa4 you3 xin1 ren2
lit. nothing is difficult on this earth, if your mind is set (idiom)

天下兴亡,匹夫有责 天下興亡,匹夫有責 tian1 xia4 xing1 wang2 - pi3 fu1 you3 ze2
The rise and fall of the nation concerns everyone (idiom). Everyone bears responsibility for the prosperity of society.

停下 停下 ting2 xia4
to stop

停下来 停下來 ting2 xia4 lai2
to stop

头朝下 頭朝下 tou2 chao2 xia4
head down; upside down

投井下石 投井下石 tou2 jing3 xia4 shi2
to throw stones at sb who fell down a well (idiom); to hit a person who is down

退下 退下 tui4 xia4
to retire; to withdraw; to retreat; to step down

退下金 退下金 tui4 xia4 jin1
retirement pension

褪下 褪下 tun4 xia4
to take off (trousers); to drop one's pants

拖人下水 拖人下水 tuo1 ren2 xia4 shui3
lit. to pull sb into the water; fig. to involve sb in a messy business; to get sb into trouble

脱下 脫下 tuo1 xia4
to take off (clothing)

拖下水 拖下水 tuo1 xia4 shui3
lit. to pull sb into the water; to involve sb in a messy business; to get sb into trouble

妄下雌黄 妄下雌黃 wang4 xia4 ci2 huang2
to alter a text indiscriminately (idiom); to make irresponsible criticism

威震天下 威震天下 wei1 zhen4 tian1 xia4
to inspire awe throughout the empire (idiom)

唯恐天下不乱 唯恐天下不亂 wei2 kong3 tian1 xia4 bu4 luan4
to wish for the whole world to be in chaos (idiom)

胃下垂 胃下垂 wei4 xia4 chui2

吴下阿蒙 吳下阿蒙 wu2 xia4 a1 meng2
General Lü Meng 呂蒙|吕蒙 of the southern state of Wu (idiom); model of self-improvement by diligent study (from unlettered soldier to top strategist of Wu)

膝下 膝下 xi1 xia4
at the knee (in reference to children); (salutation used in letters to parents or grandparents)

夕阳西下 夕陽西下 xi1 yang2 xi1 xia4
the sun sets in the west (idiom)

下巴 下巴 xia4 ba5

下巴颏 下巴頦 xia4 ba5 ke1

下摆 下擺 xia4 bai3
hem of a skirt; shirt tail

下拜 下拜 xia4 bai4
to bow down low; to make obeisance; to kneel and bow

下班 下班 xia4 ban1
to finish work; to get off work

下半 下半 xia4 ban4
second half

下半年 下半年 xia4 ban4 nian2
second half of the year

下半身 下半身 xia4 ban4 shen1
lower half of one's body

下半天 下半天 xia4 ban4 tian1

下辈 下輩 xia4 bei4
offspring; future generations; younger generation of a family; junior members of a group

下辈子 下輩子 xia4 bei4 zi5
the next life

下鼻甲 下鼻甲 xia4 bi2 jia3
inferior nasal conchae

下笔 下筆 xia4 bi3
to put pen to paper

下边 下邊 xia4 bian5
under; the underside; below

下边儿 下邊兒 xia4 bian5 er5
erhua variant of 下邊|下边

下标 下標 xia4 biao1
subscript; suffix; index

下不来 下不來 xia4 bu4 lai2
awkward; embarrassed; cannot be accomplished

下不来台 下不來臺 xia4 bu4 lai2 tai2
to be put on the spot; to find oneself in an awkward situation

下不为例 下不為例 xia4 bu4 wei2 li4
not to be repeated; not to be taken as a precedent; just this once

下不了台 下不了臺 xia4 bu5 liao3 tai2
to be unable to extricate oneself gracefully; to be put on the spot; to be embarrassed

下层 下層 xia4 ceng2
underlayer; lower class; lower strata; substrate

下场 下場 xia4 chang3
to leave (the stage, an exam room, the playing field etc); to take part in some activity; to take an examination (in the imperial examination system)

下场门 下場門 xia4 chang3 men2
exit door (of the stage)

下场 下場 xia4 chang5
the end; to conclude

下车 下車 xia4 che1
to get off or out of (a bus, train, car etc)

下沉 下沉 xia4 chen2
to sink down

下城区 下城區 xia4 cheng2 qu1
Xiacheng district of Hangzhou city 杭州市, Zhejiang

下齿 下齒 xia4 chi3
bottom teeth

下厨 下廚 xia4 chu2
to go to the kitchen (to prepare a meal); to cook

下垂 下垂 xia4 chui2
to droop; to sag; to hang down; sagging; drooping; prolapse (medicine)

下唇 下唇 xia4 chun2
lower lip

下次 下次 xia4 ci4
next time

下挫 下挫 xia4 cuo4
(of sales, prices etc) to fall; to drop; decline; slump

下达 下達 xia4 da2
to transmit down (a chain of command); to pass down (to lower level); to issue; to send through

下单 下單 xia4 dan1
to place an order; to order; an order (of goods)

下蛋 下蛋 xia4 dan4
to lay eggs

下地 下地 xia4 di4
to go down to the fields; to get up from bed; to leave one's sickbed; to be born

下调 下調 xia4 diao4
to demote; to pass down to a lower unit

下跌 下跌 xia4 die1
to fall; to tumble

下订单 下訂單 xia4 ding4 dan1
to place an order (commerce)

下定决心 下定決心 xia4 ding4 jue2 xin1
to make a firm resolution

下定义 下定義 xia4 ding4 yi4
to define

下毒 下毒 xia4 du2
to put poison in sth; to poison

下颚 下顎 xia4 e4
mandible (lower jaw)

下而上 下而上 xia4 er2 shang4
bottom to top (of listing)

下凡 下凡 xia4 fan2
to descend to the world (of immortals)

下方 下方 xia4 fang1
underneath; below; the underside; world of mortals; to descend to the world of mortals (of Gods)

下放 下放 xia4 fang4
to delegate; to decentralize; to demote a party cadre to work on the shop floor or in the countryside

下飞机 下飛機 xia4 fei1 ji1
to get off a plane; to deplane

下风 下風 xia4 feng1
leeward; downwind; disadvantageous position; to concede or give way in an argument

下风方向 下風方向 xia4 feng1 fang1 xiang4

下浮 下浮 xia4 fu2
downward fluctuation (of prices etc)

下腹部 下腹部 xia4 fu4 bu4
lower abdomen

下岗 下崗 xia4 gang3
to come off sentry duty; to lay off (a worker); laid-off

下个星期 下個星期 xia4 ge4 xing1 qi1
next week

下个月 下個月 xia4 ge4 yue4
next month

下工 下工 xia4 gong1
to knock off (at the end of a day's work); to finish work

下工夫 下工夫 xia4 gong1 fu5
to put in time and energy; to concentrate one's efforts

下功夫 下功夫 xia4 gong1 fu5
see 下工夫

下关 下關 xia4 guan1
Xiaguan district of Nanjing City 南京市 in Jiangsu 江蘇|江苏

下关区 下關區 xia4 guan1 qu1
Xiaguan district of Nanjing City 南京市 in Jiangsu 江蘇|江苏

下关市 下關市 xia4 guan1 shi4
Shimonoseki (Japan)

下馆子 下館子 xia4 guan3 zi5
to eat out; to eat at a restaurant

下跪 下跪 xia4 gui4
to kneel; to go down on one's knees

下海 下海 xia4 hai3
to go out to sea; to enter the sea (to swim etc); (fig.) to take the plunge (e.g. leave a secure job, or enter prostitution etc)

下寒武 下寒武 xia4 han2 wu3
lower Cambrian (geological period approx 530 million years ago)

下寒武统 下寒武統 xia4 han2 wu3 tong3
lower Cambrian series (geological strata from approx 530 million years ago)

下颔 下頷 xia4 han4
lower jaw; mandible

下颔骨 下頷骨 xia4 han4 gu3
lower jawbone; mandible

下颌 下頜 xia4 he2
lower jaw; mandible

下颌骨 下頜骨 xia4 he2 gu3
lower jaw; mandible

下颌下腺 下頜下腺 xia4 he2 xia4 xian4
submandibular gland; submaxillary saliva gland

下花园 下花園 xia4 hua1 yuan2
Xiahua district of Zhangjiakou city 張家口市|张家口市, Hebei

下花园区 下花園區 xia4 hua1 yuan2 qu1
Xiahua district of Zhangjiakou city 張家口市|张家口市, Hebei

下滑 下滑 xia4 hua2
sliding; slide

下划线 下劃線 xia4 hua4 xian4
underscore _; underline

下画线 下畫線 xia4 hua4 xian4

下浣 下浣 xia4 huan4
last ten days of the lunar month

下回 下回 xia4 hui2
next chapter; next time

下级 下級 xia4 ji2
low ranking; low level; underclass; subordinate

下家 下家 xia4 jia1
player whose turn comes next (in a game); next one; my humble home

下架 下架 xia4 jia4
to take down from the shelves (e.g. a contaminated product)

下贱 下賤 xia4 jian4
humble; lowly; depraved; contemptible

下箭头 下箭頭 xia4 jian4 tou2
down-pointing arrow

下箭头键 下箭頭鍵 xia4 jian4 tou2 jian4
down arrow key (on keyboard)

下降 下降 xia4 jiang4
to decline; to drop; to fall; to go down; to decrease

下脚料 下腳料 xia4 jiao3 liao4
remnants of material from an industrial process; offcut; scraps

下界 下界 xia4 jie4
lower bound (math.); world of mortals; (of Gods) to descend to the world of mortals

下届 下屆 xia4 jie4
next office holder; next to serve

下酒 下酒 xia4 jiu3
to be appropriate to have with alcohol; to down one's drink

下酒菜 下酒菜 xia4 jiu3 cai4
a dish that goes well with alcoholic drinks

下九流 下九流 xia4 jiu3 liu2
the lowest professions

下决心 下決心 xia4 jue2 xin1
to determine; to resolve

下槛 下檻 xia4 kan3

下颏 下頦 xia4 ke1
chin; Taiwan pr.

下课 下課 xia4 ke4
to finish class; to get out of class

下夸克 下夸克 xia4 kua1 ke4
down quark (particle physics)

下款 下款 xia4 kuan3
signature on letter; name of donor

下来 下來 xia4 lai5
to come down; (after verb of motion, indicates motion down and towards us, also fig.); (indicates continuation from the past towards us); to be harvested (of crops); to be over (of a period of time); to go among the masses (said of leaders)

下列 下列 xia4 lie4

下令 下令 xia4 ling4
to give an order; to command

下流 下流 xia4 liu2
lower course of a river; low-class; mean and lowly; vulgar; obscene

下龙湾 下龍灣 xia4 long2 wan1
Ha Long Bay, Vietnam

下陆 下陸 xia4 lu4
Xialu district of Huangshi city 黃石市|黄石市, Hubei

下陆区 下陸區 xia4 lu4 qu1
Xialu district of Huangshi city 黃石市|黄石市, Hubei

下落 下落 xia4 luo4
whereabouts; to drop; to fall

下落不明 下落不明 xia4 luo4 bu4 ming2
unaccounted; unknown whereabouts

下马 下馬 xia4 ma3
to dismount from a horse; (fig.) to abandon (a project)

下马威 下馬威 xia4 ma3 wei1
display of severity immediately on taking office; (fig.) initial show of strength

下锚 下錨 xia4 mao2
to drop anchor

下面 下面 xia4 mian4
below; under; next; the following; also pr.

下面 下麵 xia4 mian4
to boil noodles

下片 下片 xia4 pian4
to stop screening a movie; to end the run of a movie

下聘 下聘 xia4 pin4
to send the betrothal gifts; (fig.) to conclude a marriage

下坡 下坡 xia4 po1

下坡路 下坡路 xia4 po1 lu4
downhill road; (fig.) downhill path

下棋 下棋 xia4 qi2
to play chess

下情 下情 xia4 qing2
feelings of the masses; my situation (humble speech)

下丘脑 下丘腦 xia4 qiu1 nao3
hypothalamus (anatomy)

下去 下去 xia4 qu4
to go down; to descend; to go on; to continue; (of a servant) to withdraw

下确界 下確界 xia4 que4 jie4
infimum (math.); greatest lower bound

下任 下任 xia4 ren4
next office holder; next to serve

下三滥 下三濫 xia4 san1 lan4
riffraff; scum; lowlife; despicable; inferior

下三烂 下三爛 xia4 san1 lan4
variant of 下三濫|下三滥

下山 下山 xia4 shan1
(of the sun) to set

下身 下身 xia4 shen1
lower part of the body; genitalia; trousers

下士 下士 xia4 shi4
lowest-ranked noncommissioned officer (e.g. corporal in the army or petty officer, third class in the navy)

下世 下世 xia4 shi4
to die; future incarnation; next life; to be born; to come into the world; future generation

下视丘 下視丘 xia4 shi4 qiu1
(anatomy) hypothalamus (Tw)

下手 下手 xia4 shou3
to start; to put one's hand to; to set about; the seat to the right of the main guest

下属 下屬 xia4 shu3
subordinate; underling

下属公司 下屬公司 xia4 shu3 gong1 si1
subsidiary (company)

下水 下水 xia4 shui3
downstream; to go into the water; to put into water; to launch (a ship); fig. to fall into bad ways; to lead astray; to go to pot

下水道 下水道 xia4 shui3 dao4

下水管 下水管 xia4 shui3 guan3

下水礼 下水禮 xia4 shui3 li3
launching ceremony

下水 下水 xia4 shui5
offal; viscera; tripe

下死劲 下死勁 xia4 si3 jin4
to do one's utmost

下榻 下榻 xia4 ta4
to stay (at a hotel etc during a trip)

下台 下臺 xia4 tai2
to go off the stage; to fall from position of prestige; to step down (from office etc); to disentangle oneself; to get off the hook

下台阶 下臺階 xia4 tai2 jie1
to extricate oneself; way out

下体 下體 xia4 ti3
lower body; euphemism for genitals; root and stem of plants

下调 下調 xia4 tiao2
to adjust downwards; to lower (prices, wages etc)

下同 下同 xia4 tong2
similarly hereinafter

下网 下網 xia4 wang3
to cast a fishing net; (computing) to go offline

下午 下午 xia4 wu3
afternoon; p.m.

下西洋 下西洋 xia4 xi1 yang2
to sail West (from China); refers to Zhenghe's 15th century expeditions to the Western Pacific

下辖 下轄 xia4 xia2
administered by; under the rule of

下弦 下弦 xia4 xian2
third quarter or waning moon

下弦月 下弦月 xia4 xian2 yue4
third quarter or waning moon

下线 下線 xia4 xian4
to go offline

下陷 下陷 xia4 xian4
to subside; subsidence

下线仪式 下線儀式 xia4 xian4 yi2 shi4
product launching ceremony

下乡 下鄉 xia4 xiang1
to go to the countryside

下星期 下星期 xia4 xing1 qi1
next week

下行 下行 xia4 xing2
(of trains) down (i.e. away from the capital); (of river boats) to travel downstream; to issue (a document) to lower bureaucratic levels; (of writing on the page) vertical, proceeding from top to bottom

下修 下修 xia4 xiu1
to revise downward

下旋 下旋 xia4 xuan2
(sport) backspin

下旋削球 下旋削球 xia4 xuan2 xiao1 qiu2
(golf, tennis) undercut

下雪 下雪 xia4 xue3
to snow

下旬 下旬 xia4 xun2
last third of the month

下眼睑 下眼瞼 xia4 yan3 jian3
lower eyelid

下腰 下腰 xia4 yao1
(gymnastics) to do a bridge; to do a crab

下药 下藥 xia4 yao4
to prescribe medicine; to poison; to slip a drug (into sb's drink etc)

下野 下野 xia4 ye3
to step down from office; to go into opposition

下页 下頁 xia4 ye4
next page

下一步 下一步 xia4 yi1 bu4
the next step

下一次 下一次 xia4 yi1 ci4

下一代 下一代 xia4 yi1 dai4
the next generation

下一个 下一個 xia4 yi1 ge5
the next one

下一页 下一頁 xia4 yi1 ye4
next page

下一站 下一站 xia4 yi1 zhan4
the next stop (of a bus etc)

下意识 下意識 xia4 yi4 shi2
subconscious mind

下议院 下議院 xia4 yi4 yuan4
lower chamber (of legislative body); lower house; the House of Commons

下议院议员 下議院議員 xia4 yi4 yuan4 yi4 yuan2
Member of Parliament (MP) (UK Politics)

下营 下營 xia4 ying2
Hsiaying township in Tainan county 台南縣|台南县, Taiwan

下营乡 下營鄉 xia4 ying2 xiang1
Hsiaying township in Tainan county 台南縣|台南县, Taiwan

下游 下游 xia4 you2
lower reaches (of a river); lower level; lower echelon; downstream

下雨 下雨 xia4 yu3
to rain

下狱 下獄 xia4 yu4
to imprison

下院 下院 xia4 yuan4
lower house (of parliament)

下月 下月 xia4 yue4
next month

下载 下載 xia4 zai3
to download; also pr.

下崽 下崽 xia4 zai3
(of animals) to give birth; to foal, to whelp etc

下葬 下葬 xia4 zang4
to bury; to inter

下闸 下閘 xia4 zha2
lower sluice gate; outflow sluice

下诏 下詔 xia4 zhao4
to hand down an imperial edict

下肢 下肢 xia4 zhi1
lower limbs

下至上 下至上 xia4 zhi4 shang4
bottom to top

下周 下週 xia4 zhou1
next week

下逐客令 下逐客令 xia4 zhu2 ke4 ling4
to ask sb to leave; to show sb the door; to give a tenant notice to leave

下注 下注 xia4 zhu4
to pour; to pour down (of rain); to lay a bet

下装 下裝 xia4 zhuang1
to take off costume and makeup; bottom garment (trousers etc)

先天下之忧而忧,后天下之乐而乐 先天下之憂而憂,後天下之樂而樂 xian1 tian1 xia4 zhi1 you1 er2 you1 - hou4 tian1 xia4 zhi1 le4 er2 le4
The first concern is affairs of state, enjoying the pleasure comes later. Quotation from essay On Yueyang Tower 岳陽樓記|岳阳楼记 by Song writer Fan Zhongyan 範仲淹|范仲淹

先下手为强 先下手為強 xian1 xia4 shou3 wei2 qiang2
strike first and gain the upper hand (idiom, martial arts term); Making the first move is an advantage.

线下 線下 xian4 xia4
offline; below the line

现下 現下 xian4 xia4
now; at this moment

相比之下 相比之下 xiang1 bi3 zhi1 xia4
by comparison

相持不下 相持不下 xiang1 chi2 bu4 xia4
at a stalemate; deadlocked; in unrelenting mutual opposition

乡下人 鄉下人 xiang1 xia4 ren2
country folk; rustic; rural folk

乡下习气 鄉下習氣 xiang1 xia4 xi2 qi4
country mannerism; provincialism

乡下 鄉下 xiang1 xia5
countryside; rural area

乡下佬 鄉下佬 xiang1 xia5 lao3
villager; hick

向下 向下 xiang4 xia4
down; downward

挟天子以令天下 挾天子以令天下 xie2 tian1 zi3 yi3 ling4 tian1 xia4
(expr.) hold the feudal overlord and you control the whole country

写下 寫下 xie3 xia4
to write down

卸下 卸下 xie4 xia4
to unload

心下 心下 xin1 xia4
in mind

秀才不出门,能知天下事 秀才不出門,能知天下事 xiu4 cai5 bu4 chu1 men2 - neng2 zhi1 tian1 xia4 shi4
a learned person need not leave his home to know what's going on in the world (idiom)

秀才不出门,全知天下事 秀才不出門,全知天下事 xiu4 cai5 bu4 chu1 men2 - quan2 zhi1 tian1 xia4 shi4
a learned person need not leave his home to know what's going on in the world (idiom)

许下 許下 xu3 xia4
to make a promise

许下愿心 許下願心 xu3 xia4 yuan4 xin1
to express a wish (to a deity)

言下之意 言下之意 yan2 xia4 zhi1 yi4

眼底下 眼底下 yan3 di3 xia5
in front of one's eyes; in full view as a panorama; right now

眼皮底下 眼皮底下 yan3 pi2 di3 xia5
in front of one's eyes

眼下 眼下 yan3 xia4
now; at present; subocular (medicine)

咽下 嚥下 yan4 xia4
to swallow; to suppress

咽下困难 嚥下困難 yan4 xia4 kun4 nan2
dysphagia (medicine)

腋下 腋下 ye4 xia4
underarm; armpit

一较高下 一較高下 yi1 jiao4 gao1 xia4
to compete against; to measure oneself against; to go head to head (see who is best)

一气之下 一氣之下 yi1 qi4 zhi1 xia4
in a fit of pique; in a fury

一下 一下 yi1 xia4
(used after a verb) give it a go; to do (sth for a bit to give it a try); one time; once; in a while; all of a sudden; all at once

一下儿 一下兒 yi1 xia4 er5
erhua variant of 一下

一下子 一下子 yi1 xia4 zi5
in a short while; all at once; all of a sudden

以下 以下 yi3 xia4
that level or lower; that amount or less; the following

意下如何 意下如何 yi4 xia4 ru2 he2
how about it?; what do you think?

隐蔽强迫下载 隱蔽強迫下載 yin3 bi4 qiang3 po4 xia4 zai4
drive-by download (a form of malware booby-trap); silent drive-by download

有两下子 有兩下子 you3 liang3 xia4 zi5
to have real skill; to know one's stuff

右下 右下 you4 xia4
lower right

余下 餘下 yu2 xia4

雨泽下注 雨澤下注 yu3 ze2 xia4 zhu4

月下花前 月下花前 yue4 xia4 hua1 qian2
lit. amidst the flowers under the moonlight (idiom); fig. romantic surroundings

月下老人 月下老人 yue4 xia4 lao3 ren2
minor divinity concerned with marriage; matchmaker; go-between

在地下 在地下 zai4 di4 xia4

在下 在下 zai4 xia4
under; myself (humble)

在下方 在下方 zai4 xia4 fang1

在下面 在下面 zai4 xia4 mian4

摘下 摘下 zhai1 xia4
to take off; to remove (one's hat, a door from its hinges etc); to pick (a piece of fruit from a tree etc); (sports) to pick off (a rebound etc)

占下风 佔下風 zhan4 xia4 feng1
to be at a disadvantage

这下 這下 zhe4 xia4
this time

这下子 這下子 zhe4 xia4 zi5
this time

争执不下 爭執不下 zheng1 zhi2 bu4 xia4
to quarrel endlessly

正中下怀 正中下懷 zheng4 zhong4 xia4 huai2
exactly what one wants

之下 之下 zhi1 xia4
under; beneath; less than

智力低下 智力低下 zhi4 li4 di1 xia4
mental retardation

治下 治下 zhi4 xia4
under the jurisdiction of

猪下水 豬下水 zhu1 xia4 shui3
pig offal

转入地下 轉入地下 zhuan3 ru4 di4 xia4
to go underground; to turn to secret activities

自顶向下 自頂向下 zi4 ding3 xiang4 xia4

自上而下 自上而下 zi4 shang4 er2 xia4

自下而上 自下而上 zi4 xia4 er2 shang4

走下坡路 走下坡路 zou3 xia4 po1 lu4
to go downhill; to decline; to slump

足下 足下 zu2 xia4
you (used to a superior or between persons of the same generation); below the foot

左下 左下 zuo3 xia4
lower left

作下 作下 zuo4 xia4
to do; to make (usually bad connotation)

坐下 坐下 zuo4 xia5
to sit down