dry; clean; in vain; dried food; foster; adoptive; to ignore

surname Gan

variant of 乾

old variant of 乾

surname Qian

one of the Eight Trigrams 八卦, symbolizing heaven; male principle; ☰; ancient Chinese compass point: 315° (northwest)

strokes 11
strokes after radical 10
阿拉干山脉 阿拉乾山脈 a1 la1 gan1 shan1 mai4
Arakan Yoma, mountain range in western Myanmar (Burma)

巴马干酪 巴馬乾酪 ba1 ma3 gan1 lao4
Parmesan cheese

白干儿 白乾兒 bai2 gan1 er5
alcoholic spirit; strong white rice wine

包干 包乾 bao1 gan1
to have the full responsibility of a job; allocated task

包干儿 包乾兒 bao1 gan1 er5
erhua variant of 包乾|包干

包干制 包乾制 bao1 gan1 zhi4
a system of payment partly in kind and partly in cash

焙干 焙乾 bei4 gan1
to dry over a fire; to roast

饼干 餅乾 bing3 gan1
biscuit; cracker; cookie

不干不净 不乾不淨 bu4 gan1 bu4 jing4
unclean; filthy; foul-mouthed

不干不净,吃了没病 不乾不淨,吃了沒病 bu4 gan1 bu4 jing4 - chi1 le5 mei2 bing4
a little dirt never killed anybody (proverb); a couple of germs won't do you any harm

擦干 擦乾 ca1 gan1
to wipe dry

吃干饭 吃乾飯 chi1 gan1 fan4
(coll.) to be incompetent; useless; good-for-nothing

吹干 吹乾 chui1 gan1
to blow-dry

大便干燥 大便乾燥 da4 bian4 gan1 zao4

大溪豆干 大溪豆乾 da4 xi1 dou4 gan1
Tahsi or Dasi dried dofu, Taiwanese Taoyuan speciality

风干 風乾 feng1 gan1
to air-dry; to season (timber etc); air-dried; air-drying

干巴巴 乾巴巴 gan1 ba1 ba1
dry; parched; dull; insipid

干杯 乾杯 gan1 bei1
to drink a toast; Cheers! (proposing a toast); Here's to you!; Bottoms up!; lit. dry cup

干贝 乾貝 gan1 bei4
conpoy; dried scallop

干煸 乾煸 gan1 bian1
to stir-fry with oil only (no addition of water)

干煸四季豆 乾煸四季豆 gan1 bian1 si4 ji4 dou4
fried beans, Sichuan style

干煸土豆丝 乾煸土豆絲 gan1 bian1 tu3 dou4 si1
dry-fried potato slices (Chinese dish)

干瘪 乾癟 gan1 bie3
dried out; wizened; shriveled

干冰 乾冰 gan1 bing1
dry ice (i.e. frozen CO2)

干菜 乾菜 gan1 cai4
dried vegetable

干草 乾草 gan1 cao3

干潮 乾潮 gan1 chao2
low tide; low water

干脆 乾脆 gan1 cui4
straightforward; clear-cut; blunt (e.g. statement); you might as well; simply

干脆利落 乾脆利落 gan1 cui4 li4 luo5
(of speech or actions) direct and efficient; without fooling around

干脆利索 乾脆利索 gan1 cui4 li4 suo5
see 乾脆利落|干脆利落

干打垒 乾打壘 gan1 da3 lei3
rammed earth; adobe house

干等 乾等 gan1 deng3
to wait in vain; to sit around waiting

干瞪眼 乾瞪眼 gan1 deng4 yan3
to watch helplessly

干爹 乾爹 gan1 die1
adoptive father (traditional adoption, i.e. without legal ramifications)

干儿 乾兒 gan1 er2
adopted son (traditional adoption, i.e. without legal ramifications)

干儿子 乾兒子 gan1 er2 zi5
adopted son (traditional adoption, i.e. without legal ramifications)

干儿 乾兒 gan1 er5
dried food

干饭 乾飯 gan1 fan4
cooked and dried rice

干粉 乾粉 gan1 fen3
dry powder

干俸 乾俸 gan1 feng4

干果 乾果 gan1 guo3
dried fruit; dry fruits (nuts etc)

干旱 乾旱 gan1 han4
drought; arid; dry

干旱土 乾旱土 gan1 han4 tu3
Aridosols (Chinese Soil Taxonomy)

干号 乾號 gan1 hao2
to cry out loud without tears

干嚎 乾嚎 gan1 hao2
to cry out loud without tears

干涸 乾涸 gan1 he2
to dry up

干货 乾貨 gan1 huo4
dry goods; dried fruit, nuts etc

干姜 乾薑 gan1 jiang1
dried ginger

干净 乾淨 gan1 jing4
clean; neat

干净俐落 乾淨俐落 gan1 jing4 li4 luo4
clean and efficient; neat and tidy

干净利落 乾淨利落 gan1 jing4 li4 luo5
squeaky clean; neat and tidy; efficient

干渴 乾渴 gan1 ke3
parched; dry mouth

干枯 乾枯 gan1 ku1
withered; dried up

干酪 乾酪 gan1 lao4

干酪素 乾酪素 gan1 lao4 su4

干粮 乾糧 gan1 liang2
rations (to take on expedition)

干裂 乾裂 gan1 lie4
(of dry soil, skin etc) to crack; to chap

干馏 乾餾 gan1 liu2
to carbonize; dry distillation; carbonization

干妈 乾媽 gan1 ma1
adoptive mother (traditional adoption, i.e. without legal ramifications)

干梅子 乾梅子 gan1 mei2 zi5

干娘 乾娘 gan1 niang2
adoptive mother (traditional adoption, i.e. without legal ramifications)

干女儿 乾女兒 gan1 nv3 er2
adopted daughter (traditional adoption, i.e. without legal ramifications)

干呕 乾嘔 gan1 ou3
to retch

干涩 乾澀 gan1 se4
dry and rough (skin); hoarse (voice); dry and heavy (style)

干尸 乾屍 gan1 shi1
mummy; dried corpse

干瘦 乾瘦 gan1 shou4
wizened; skinny and shriveled

干爽 乾爽 gan1 shuang3
dry and clean; clear and fresh

干透 乾透 gan1 tou4
to dry out; to dry completely

干洗 乾洗 gan1 xi3
to dry clean; dry cleaning

干笑 乾笑 gan1 xiao4
to give a hollow laugh; to force a smile; forced laugh

干癣 乾癬 gan1 xuan3

干眼症 乾眼症 gan1 yan3 zheng4
dry eye; xerophthalmia (drying of the tear glands, often due to lack of vitamin A)

干叶 乾葉 gan1 ye4
dried leaf

干衣 乾衣 gan1 yi1
drysuit (diving)

干哕 乾噦 gan1 yue3
to retch

干燥 乾燥 gan1 zao4
to dry (of weather, paint, cement etc); desiccation; dull; uninteresting; arid

干燥机 乾燥機 gan1 zao4 ji1
a drier

干燥剂 乾燥劑 gan1 zao4 ji4

干着急 乾著急 gan1 zhao2 ji2
to worry helplessly

干粮袋 乾糧袋 gan4 liang2 dai4
knapsack (for provisions); haversack

烘干 烘乾 hong1 gan1
to dry over a stove

烘干机 烘乾機 hong1 gan1 ji1
clothes dryer

夹心饼干 夾心餅乾 jia1 xin1 bing3 gan1
sandwich cookie; (jocularly) sb who is caught between two opposing parties; sb who is between the hammer and the anvil

江干 江乾 jiang1 gan1
Jianggan district of Hangzhou city 杭州市, Zhejiang

江干区 江乾區 jiang1 gan1 qu1
Jianggan district of Hangzhou city 杭州市, Zhejiang

康乾盛世 康乾盛世 kang1 qian2 sheng4 shi4
booming and golden age of Qing dynasty (from Kang Xi to Qian Long emperors)

康乾宗迦峰 康乾宗迦峰 kang1 qian2 zong1 jia1 feng1
Kachenjunga (Himalayan peak)

口干舌燥 口乾舌燥 kou3 gan1 she2 zao4
lit. dry mouth and tongue (idiom); to talk too much

枯干 枯乾 ku1 gan1

晾干 晾乾 liang4 gan1
to dry by the sun

烈火干柴 烈火乾柴 lie4 huo3 gan1 chai2
lit. intense fire to dry wood (idiom); inferno in a woodpile; fig. consuming passion between lovers

流干 流乾 liu2 gan1
to drain; to run dry

牛肉干 牛肉乾 niu2 rou4 gan1
dried beef; jerky; charqui

葡萄干 葡萄乾 pu2 tao5 gan1
raisin; dried grape

葡萄干儿 葡萄乾兒 pu2 tao5 gan1 er5

乾安 乾安 qian2 an1
Qian'an county in Songyuan 松原, Jilin

乾安县 乾安縣 qian2 an1 xian4
Qian'an county in Songyuan 松原, Jilin

乾旦 乾旦 qian2 dan4
male actor playing the female role (Chinese opera)

乾嘉三大家 乾嘉三大家 qian2 jia1 san1 da4 jia1
Three great poets of the Qianlong and Jiaqing era (1735-1820), namely: Yuan Mei 袁枚, Jiang Shiquan 蔣士銓|蒋士铨 and Zhao Yi 趙翼|赵翼

乾坤 乾坤 qian2 kun1
Heaven and earth; Yin and Yang; The Universe

乾陵 乾陵 qian2 ling2
Qianling at Xianyang 咸陽市|咸阳市 in Shaanxi, burial site of third Tang emperor 高宗 and empress Wuzetian 武則天|武则天

乾隆 乾隆 qian2 long2
Qianlong Emperor (1711-1799), sixth Qing emperor, princely title 寶親王|宝亲王, personal name 弘曆|弘历, reigned 1735-1799

乾县 乾縣 qian2 xian4
Qian County in Xianyang 咸陽|咸阳, Shaanxi

热干面 熱乾麵 re4 gan1 mian4
hot dry noodles

乳臭未干 乳臭未乾 ru3 xiu4 wei4 gan1
smell of mother's milk not yet dried (idiom); immature and inexperienced; still wet behind the ears

晒干 曬乾 shai4 gan1
to dry in the sun

手脚不干净 手腳不乾淨 shou3 jiao3 bu4 gan1 jing4
thieving; light-fingered; prone to stealing

苏打饼干 蘇打餅乾 su1 da2 bing3 gan1
soda biscuit; cracker

太阳照在桑干河上 太陽照在桑乾河上 tai4 yang2 zhao4 zai4 sang1 gan1 he2 shang4
The Sun Shines over the Sanggan River, proletarian novel by Ding Ling, winner of 1951 Stalin prize

唾面自干 唾面自乾 tuo4 mian4 zi4 gan1
to be spat on in the face and let it dry by itself, not wiping it off (idiom); to turn the other cheek; to drain the cup of humiliation

外强中干 外強中乾 wai4 qiang2 zhong1 gan1
strong in appearance but weak in reality (idiom)

威化饼干 威化餅乾 wei1 hua4 bing3 gan1
wafer; wafer cookie

虾干 蝦乾 xia1 gan1
dried shrimps

香干 香乾 xiang1 gan1
smoked bean curd

萧乾 蕭乾 xiao1 qian2
Xiao Qian (1910-1999), Mongolian-born, Cambridge-educated journalist active during Second World War in Europe, subsequently famous author and translator

旋乾转坤 旋乾轉坤 xuan2 qian2 zhuan3 kun1
lit. overturning heaven and earth (idiom); earth-shattering; a radical change

眼干症 眼乾症 yan3 gan1 zheng4
xeropthalmia (medicine); dry eye syndrome

一干二净 一乾二淨 yi1 gan1 er4 jing4
thoroughly (idiom); completely; one and all; very clean

阴干 陰乾 yin1 gan1
to dry in the shade

朝乾夕惕 朝乾夕惕 zhao1 qian2 xi1 ti4
cautious and diligent all day long (idiom)

竺乾 竺乾 zhu2 qian2
Buddha (archaic); Dharma (the teachings of the Buddha)