zi4
self; oneself; from; since; naturally; surely

strokes 6
radical
strokes after radical 0
阿坝藏族羌族自治州 阿壩藏族羌族自治州 a1 ba4 zang4 zu2 qiang1 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang autonomous prefecture (Tibetan: rnga ba bod rigs cha'ng rigs rang skyong khul, formerly in Kham province of Tibet), northwest Sichuan, capital Barkam 馬爾康鎮|马尔康镇

阿克塞哈萨克族自治县 阿克塞哈薩克族自治縣 a1 ke4 sai4 ha1 sa4 ke4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Aksai Kazakh autonomous county in Jiuquan 酒泉, Gansu

安闲自得 安閑自得 an1 xian2 zi4 de2
feeling comfortably at ease (idiom)

安闲自在 安閑自在 an1 xian2 zi4 zai5
leisurely and free (idiom); carefree and at ease

暗自 暗自 an4 zi4
inwardly; to oneself; secretly

傲自 傲自 ao4 zi4
pride; overbearing

巴里坤哈萨克自治县 巴里坤哈薩克自治縣 ba1 li3 kun1 ha1 sa4 ke4 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Barkol Kazakh autonomous county or Barköl Qazaq aptonom nahiyisi in Kumul prefecture 哈密地區|哈密地区, Xinjiang

巴马瑶族自治县 巴馬瑤族自治縣 ba1 ma3 yao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Bama Yaozu autonomous county in Hezhou 賀州|贺州, Guangxi

巴音郭楞蒙古自治州 巴音郭楞蒙古自治州 ba1 yin1 guo1 leng2 meng3 gu3 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Bayingolin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture in Xinjiang

白沙黎族自治县 白沙黎族自治縣 bai2 sha1 li2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Baisha Lizu autonomous county, Hainan

白水江自然保护区 白水江自然保護區 bai2 shui3 jiang1 zi4 ran2 bao3 hu4 qu1
Baishuijiang Nature Reserve, Gansu

搬起石头砸自己的脚 搬起石頭砸自己的腳 ban1 qi3 shi2 tou5 za2 zi4 ji3 de5 jiao3
to crush one's own foot while trying to maneuver a rock (to a cliff edge, to drop on one's enemy) (idiom); hoisted by one's own petard

搬石头砸自己的脚 搬石頭砸自己的腳 ban1 shi2 tou5 za2 zi4 ji3 de5 jiao3
to move a stone and stub one's toe; to shoot oneself in the foot (idiom)

办公自动化 辦公自動化 ban4 gong1 zi4 dong4 hua4
office automation

半自动 半自動 ban4 zi4 dong4
semi-automatic

半自耕农 半自耕農 ban4 zi4 geng1 nong2
semi-tenant peasant; semi-owner peasant

保安自动化 保安自動化 bao3 an1 zi4 dong4 hua4
security automation

保亭黎族苗族自治县 保亭黎族苗族自治縣 bao3 ting2 li2 zu2 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Baoting Li and Miao autonomous county, Hainan

悲不自胜 悲不自勝 bei1 bu4 zi4 sheng4
unable to control one's grief (idiom); overwrought; overcome with sorrow; heartbroken

北川羌族自治县 北川羌族自治縣 bei3 chuan1 qiang1 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Beichuan Qiang autonomous county in Mianyang 綿陽|绵阳, north Sichuan

北镇满族自治县 北鎮滿族自治縣 bei3 zhen4 man3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Beizhen Manzu autonomous county in Liaoning

被自杀 被自殺 bei4 zi4 sha1
a death claimed to be a suicide by the authorities

本溪满族自治县 本溪滿族自治縣 ben3 xi1 man3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Benxi Manchu autonomous county in Benxi 本溪, Liaoning

闭关自守 閉關自守 bi4 guan1 zi4 shou3
close the country to international intercourse

敝帚自珍 敝帚自珍 bi4 zhou3 zi4 zhen1
to value the broom as one's own (idiom); to attach value to sth because it is one's own; a sentimental attachment

表现自己 表現自己 biao3 xian4 zi4 ji3
to express oneself; to give an account of oneself; to project oneself; to show off

冰炭不言,冷热自明 冰炭不言,冷熱自明 bing1 tan4 bu4 yan2 - leng3 re4 zi4 ming2
ice or coals, whether hot or cold goes without saying (idiom); fig. sincerity is not expressed in words

博尔塔拉蒙古自治州 博爾塔拉蒙古自治州 bo2 er3 ta3 la1 meng3 gu3 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Börtala Mongol autonomous prefecture in Xinjiang

不打自招 不打自招 bu4 da3 zi4 zhao1
to confess without being pressed; to make a confession without duress

不敢自专 不敢自專 bu4 gan3 zi4 zhuan1
not daring to act for oneself (idiom)

不攻自破 不攻自破 bu4 gong1 zi4 po4
(of a rumor etc) to collapse (in the light of facts etc); to be discredited

不能自已 不能自已 bu4 neng2 zi4 yi3
unable to control oneself; to be beside oneself

不请自来 不請自來 bu4 qing3 zi4 lai2
to turn up without being invited; unsolicited

不说自明 不說自明 bu4 shuo1 zi4 ming2
self-explanatory; self-evident (idiom)

不言自明 不言自明 bu4 yan2 zi4 ming2
self-evident; needing no explanation (idiom)

不由自主 不由自主 bu4 you2 zi4 zhu3
can't help; involuntarily (idiom)

不自觉 不自覺 bu4 zi4 jue2
unaware; unconscious of sth

不自量 不自量 bu4 zi4 liang4
not take a proper measure of oneself; to overrate one's own abilities

不自量力 不自量力 bu4 zi4 liang4 li4
to overestimate one's capabilities

不自然 不自然 bu4 zi4 ran2
unnatural; artificial

不自由,毋宁死 不自由,毋寧死 bu4 zi4 you2 - wu2 ning4 si3
give me liberty or give me death

不自在 不自在 bu4 zi4 zai5
uneasiness; feel uncomfortable

沧源佤族自治县 滄源佤族自治縣 cang1 yuan2 wa3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Cangyuan Va Autonomous County in Lincang 臨滄|临沧, Yunnan

操纵自如 操縱自如 cao1 zong4 zi4 ru2
to operate (a machine etc) with ease

察布查尔锡伯自治县 察布查爾錫伯自治縣 cha2 bu4 cha2 er3 xi1 bo2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Qapqal Xibe autonomous county in Ili Kazakh autonomous prefecture 伊犁哈薩克自治州|伊犁哈萨克自治州, Xinjiang

昌吉回族自治州 昌吉回族自治州 chang1 ji2 hui2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Sanji or Changji Hui autonomous prefecture in Xinjiang

昌江黎族自治县 昌江黎族自治縣 chang1 jiang1 li2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Changjiang Lizu autonomous county, Hainan

长白朝鲜族自治县 長白朝鮮族自治縣 chang2 bai2 chao2 xian3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Changbai Korean autonomous county in Baishan 白山, Jilin

长阳土家族自治县 長陽土家族自治縣 chang2 yang2 tu3 jia1 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Changyang Tujiazu Autonomous County in Hubei

场地自行车 場地自行車 chang3 di4 zi4 xing2 che1
track cycling

超自然 超自然 chao1 zi4 ran2
supernatural

车到山前必有路,船到桥头自然直 車到山前必有路,船到橋頭自然直 che1 dao4 shan1 qian2 bi4 you3 lu4 - chuan2 dao4 qiao2 tou2 zi4 ran2 zhi2
lit. When we get to the mountain, there'll be a way through and when the boat gets to the pier-head, it will go straight with the current. (idiom); fig. Everything will turn out for the best.; Let's worry about it when it happens.; It will be all right on

车到山前自有路 車到山前自有路 che1 dao4 shan1 qian2 zi4 you3 lu4
lit. When we get to the mountain, there'll be a way through. (idiom); fig. Everything will turn out for the best.; Let's worry about it when it happens.; It will be all right on the night.; cf couplet 車到山前必有路,船到橋頭自然直|车到山前必有路,船到桥头自然直

城步苗族自治县 城步苗族自治縣 cheng2 bu4 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Chengbu Miao Autonomous County in Shaoyang 邵陽|邵阳, Hunan

出自 出自 chu1 zi4
to come from

出自肺腑 出自肺腑 chu1 zi4 fei4 fu3
from the bottom of one's heart (idiom)

楚雄彝族自治州 楚雄彞族自治州 chu3 xiong2 yi2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Chuxiong Yi autonomous prefecture in central Yunnan, capital Chuxiong city 楚雄市

船到桥门自会直 船到橋門自會直 chuan2 dao4 qiao2 men2 zi4 hui4 zhi2
lit. when the ship arrives at the bridge we can deal with the problem; no point in worrying about sth until it actually happens (idiom)

船到桥头自然直 船到橋頭自然直 chuan2 dao4 qiao2 tou2 zi4 ran2 zhi2
lit. when the boat gets to the pier-head, it will go straight with the current (proverb); fig. everything will be all right; cf 車到山前必有路,船到橋頭自然直|车到山前必有路,船到桥头自然直

大厂回族自治县 大廠回族自治縣 da4 chang3 hui2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Dachang Hui autonomous county in Langfang 廊坊, Hebei

大化瑶族自治县 大化瑤族自治縣 da4 hua4 yao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Dahua Yao Autonomous County in Hezhou 賀州|贺州, Guangxi

大理白族自治州 大理白族自治州 da4 li3 bai2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Dali Bai autonomous prefecture in Yunnan

大通回族土族自治县 大通回族土族自治縣 da4 tong1 hui2 zu2 tu3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Datong Hui and Tu autonomous county in Xining 西寧|西宁, Qinghai

大自然 大自然 da4 zi4 ran2
nature (the natural world)

道真仡佬族苗族自治县 道真仡佬族苗族自治縣 dao4 zhen1 ge1 lao3 zu2 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Daozhen Klau and Hmong Autonomous County in Zun'yi 遵義|遵义, northeast Guizhou

道真自治县 道真自治縣 dao4 zhen1 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Daozhen Klau and Hmong autonomous county in Zun'yi 遵義|遵义, northeast Guizhou

德宏傣族景颇族自治州 德宏傣族景頗族自治州 de2 hong2 dai3 zu2 jing3 po1 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Dehong Dai and Jingpo autonomous prefecture in west Yunnan, surrounded on three sides by Myanmar (Burma), capital Luxi 潞西市

迪庆藏族自治州 迪慶藏族自治州 di2 qing4 zang4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Dêqên or Diqing Tibetan autonomous prefecture, northwest Yunnan, capital Jiantang 建塘鎮|建塘镇

地方自治 地方自治 di4 fang1 zi4 zhi4
local autonomy; home rule

东方黎族自治县 東方黎族自治縣 dong1 fang1 li2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Dongfang Lizu autonomous county, Hainan

东乡族自治县 東鄉族自治縣 dong1 xiang1 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Dongxiang autonomous county in Linxia Hui autonomous prefecture 臨夏回族自治州|临夏回族自治州, Gansu

都安瑶族自治县 都安瑤族自治縣 du1 an1 yao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Du'an Yao autonomous county in Hezhou 賀州|贺州, Guangxi

独立自主 獨立自主 du2 li4 zi4 zhu3
independent and autonomous (idiom); self-determination; to act independently; to maintain control over one's own affairs

独自 獨自 du2 zi4
alone

杜尔伯特蒙古族自治县 杜爾伯特蒙古族自治縣 du4 er3 bo2 te4 meng3 gu3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Dorbod Mongol autonomous county in Daqing 大慶|大庆, Heilongjiang

多行不义必自毙 多行不義必自斃 duo1 xing2 bu4 yi4 bi4 zi4 bi4
persisting in evil brings about self-destruction (idiom)

峨边彝族自治县 峨邊彞族自治縣 e2 bian1 yi2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Ebian Yizu autonomous county in Leshan 樂山|乐山, Sichuan

峨山彝族自治县 峨山彞族自治縣 e2 shan1 yi2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Eshan Yizu autonomous county in Yuxi 玉溪, Yunnan

鄂伦春自治旗 鄂倫春自治旗 e4 lun2 chun1 zi4 zhi4 qi2
Oroqin Autonomous Banner in Hulunbuir 呼倫貝爾|呼伦贝尔, Inner Mongolia

鄂温克族自治旗 鄂溫克族自治旗 e4 wen1 ke4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 qi2
Evenk Autonomous Banner in Hulunbuir 呼倫貝爾|呼伦贝尔, Inner Mongolia

恩施土家族苗族自治州 恩施土家族苗族自治州 en1 shi1 tu3 jia1 zu2 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Enshi Tujia and Miao autonomous prefecture in Hubei

儿孙自有儿孙福 兒孫自有兒孫福 er2 sun1 zi4 you3 er2 sun1 fu2
younger generations will do all right on their own (idiom)

发自 發自 fa1 zi4
to evolve from

反躬自问 反躬自問 fan3 gong1 zi4 wen4
introspection; to ask oneself

泛自然神论 泛自然神論 fan4 zi4 ran2 shen2 lun4
pandeism, theological theory that God created the Universe and became one with it

防城各族自治县 防城各族自治縣 fang2 cheng2 ge4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Fangcheng Various Nationalities Autonomous County in Guangxi (temporary name during 1950s for Fangcheng district 防城區|防城区 of Fangchenggang city)

放任自流 放任自流 fang4 ren4 zi4 liu2
to let sb do whatever they want; to indulge; to give free reins to; to let things slide; to drift aimlessly; laissez-faire

非自然 非自然 fei1 zi4 ran2
unnatural; occult

丰宁满族自治县 豐寧滿族自治縣 feng1 ning2 man3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Fengning Manchu Autonomous County in Chengde 承德, Hebei

夫子自道 夫子自道 fu1 zi3 zi4 dao4
appearing to be praising others while actually praising yourself; one's criticism of others exposes one's own faults

富川瑶族自治县 富川瑤族自治縣 fu4 chuan1 yao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Fuchuan Yao autonomous county in Hezhou 賀州|贺州, Guangxi

阜新蒙古族自治县 阜新蒙古族自治縣 fu4 xin1 meng3 gu3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Fuxin Mongol autonomous county in Fuxin 阜新, Liaoning

改过自新 改過自新 gai3 guo4 zi4 xin1
to reform and start afresh (idiom); to turn over a new leaf

甘南藏族自治州 甘南藏族自治州 gan1 nan2 zang4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Gannan Tibetan autonomous prefecture in Gansu

甘孜藏族自治州 甘孜藏族自治州 gan1 zi1 zang4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Garze or Kandze, Tibetan autonomous prefecture (Tibetan: dkar mdzes bod rigs rang skyong khul), formerly in Kham province of Tibet, present Sichuan

刚愎自用 剛愎自用 gang1 bi4 zi4 yong4
obstinate and self-opinionated (idiom)

各人自扫门前雪,莫管他家瓦上霜 各人自掃門前雪,莫管他家瓦上霜 ge4 ren2 zi4 sao3 men2 qian2 xue3 - mo4 guan3 ta1 jia1 wa3 shang4 shuang1
sweep the snow from your own door step, don't worry about the frost on your neighbor's roof (idiom)

各自 各自 ge4 zi4
each; respective; apiece

各自为政 各自為政 ge4 zi4 wei2 zheng4
to do things each in one's own way

耿马傣族佤族自治县 耿馬傣族佤族自治縣 geng3 ma3 dai3 zu2 wa3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Gengma Dai and Va autonomous county in Lincang 臨滄|临沧, Yunnan

恭城瑶族自治县 恭城瑤族自治縣 gong1 cheng2 yao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Gongcheng Yao autonomous county in Guilin 桂林, Guangxi

功到自然成 功到自然成 gong1 dao4 zi4 ran2 cheng2
effort will undoubtedly lead to success (idiom)

公路自行车 公路自行車 gong1 lu4 zi4 xing2 che1
road cycling

龚自珍 龔自珍 gong1 zi4 zhen1
Gong Zizhen (1792-1841), Chinese man of letters, calligrapher and poet

贡山独龙族怒族自治县 貢山獨龍族怒族自治縣 gong4 shan1 du2 long2 zu2 nu4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Gongshan Derung and Nu autonomous county in Nujiang Lisu autonomous prefecture 怒江傈僳族自治州 in northwest Yunnan

孤芳自赏 孤芳自賞 gu1 fang1 zi4 shang3
lone flower admiring itself (idiom); narcissism; self-love

故步自封 故步自封 gu4 bu4 zi4 feng1
stuck in the old ways (idiom); refusing to acknowledge new ideas; stagnating and conservative

顾盼自雄 顧盼自雄 gu4 pan4 zi4 xiong2
to strut about feeling complacent (idiom)

顾影自怜 顧影自憐 gu4 ying3 zi4 lian2
lit. looking at one's shadow and feeling sorry for oneself (idiom); fig. alone and dejected

关岭布依族苗族自治县 關嶺布依族苗族自治縣 guan1 ling3 bu4 yi1 zu2 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Guanling Buyei and Hmong autonomous county in Anshun 安順|安顺, Guizhou

广西壮族自治区 廣西壯族自治區 guang3 xi1 zhuang4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 qu1
Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in South Central China, on the border with Vietnam, abbr. 桂, capital Nanning 南寧|南宁; until 1959, Guangxi province

果洛藏族自治州 果洛藏族自治州 guo3 luo4 zang4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Golog Tibetan autonomous prefecture (Tibetan: Mgo-log Bod-rigs rang-skyong-khul) in south Qinghai

海北藏族自治州 海北藏族自治州 hai3 bei3 zang4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Haibei Tibetan autonomous prefecture (Tibetan: Mtsho-byang Bod-rigs rang-skyong-khul) in Qinghai

海南藏族自治州 海南藏族自治州 hai3 nan2 zang4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Hainan Tibetan autonomous prefecture (Tibetan Mtsho-lho Bod-rigs rang-skyong-khul), Qinghai

海西蒙古族藏族自治州 海西蒙古族藏族自治州 hai3 xi1 meng3 gu3 zu2 zang4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Haixi Mongol and Tibetan autonomous prefecture (Tibetan: Mtsho-nub Sog-rigs dang Bod-rigs rang-skyong-khul) in Qinghai

航空自卫队 航空自衛隊 hang2 kong1 zi4 wei4 dui4
air self-defense force

好自为之 好自為之 hao3 zi4 wei2 zhi1
to do one's best; to shape up; to behave; to fend for oneself; you're on your own

和布克赛尔蒙古自治县 和布克賽爾蒙古自治縣 he2 bu4 ke4 sai4 er3 meng3 gu3 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Hoboksar Mongol autonomous county or Qobuqsar Mongghul aptonom nahiyisi in Tacheng prefecture 塔城地區|塔城地区, Xinjiang

河口瑶族自治县 河口瑤族自治縣 he2 kou3 yao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Hekou Yaozu autonomous county in Honghe Hani and Yi autonomous prefecture 紅河哈尼族彞族自治州|红河哈尼族彝族自治州, Yunnan

河南蒙古族自治县 河南蒙古族自治縣 he2 nan2 meng2 gu3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
He'nan Mengguzu autonomous county in Qinghai; in Huangnan Tibetan autonomous prefecture 黃南藏族自治州|黄南藏族自治州, Qinghai

核自旋 核自旋 he2 zi4 xuan2
nuclear spin

红河哈尼族彝族自治州 紅河哈尼族彞族自治州 hong2 he2 ha1 ni2 zu2 yi2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Honghe Hani and Yi autonomous prefecture in Yunnan 雲南|云南

互助土族自治县 互助土族自治縣 hu4 zhu4 tu3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Huzhu Tuzu Autonomous County in Haidong prefecture 海東地區|海东地区, Qinghai

画地自限 畫地自限 hua4 di4 zi4 xian4
lit. to draw a line on the ground to keep within (idiom); fig. to impose restrictions on oneself

化隆回族自治县 化隆回族自治縣 hua4 long2 hui2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Hualong Huizu Autonomous County in Haidong prefecture 海東地區|海东地区, Qinghai

环法自行车赛 環法自行車賽 huan2 fa3 zi4 xing2 che1 sai4
Tour de France cycle race

环江毛南族自治县 環江毛南族自治縣 huan2 jiang1 mao2 nan2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Huanjiang Maonan autonomous county in Hezhou 賀州|贺州, Guangxi

桓仁满族自治县 桓仁滿族自治縣 huan2 ren2 man3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Huanren Manchu autonomous county in Benxi 本溪, Liaoning

黄南藏族自治州 黃南藏族自治州 huang2 nan2 zang4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Huangnan Tibetan autonomous prefecture (Tibetan: Rma-lho Bod-rigs rang skyong khul) in Qinghai

回家吃自己 回家吃自己 hui2 jia1 chi1 zi4 ji3
(coll.) (Tw) to get sacked; to be fired

悔过自新 悔過自新 hui3 guo4 zi4 xin1
to repent and start afresh (idiom); to turn over a new leaf

积石山保安族东乡族撒拉族自治县 積石山保安族東鄉族撒拉族自治縣 ji1 shi2 shan1 bao3 an1 zu2 dong1 xiang1 zu2 sa1 la1 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Jishishan Bonan, Dongxiang and Salar autonomous county in Linxia Hui autonomous prefecture 臨夏回族自治州|临夏回族自治州, Gansu

吉人自有天相 吉人自有天相 ji2 ren2 zi4 you3 tian1 xiang4
Heaven helps the worthy (idiom)

济州特别自治道 濟州特別自治道 ji4 zhou1 te4 bie2 zi4 zhi4 dao4
Jeju island special autonomous province, South Korea, a World Heritage site

监守自盗 監守自盜 jian1 shou3 zi4 dao4
to embezzle

江城哈尼族彝族自治县 江城哈尼族彞族自治縣 jiang1 cheng2 ha1 ni2 zu2 yi2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Jiangcheng Hani and Yi autonomous county in Pu'er 普洱, Yunnan

江华瑶族自治县 江華瑤族自治縣 jiang1 hua2 yao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Jianghua Yaozu autonomous county in Yongzhou 永州, Hunan

结社自由 結社自由 jie2 she4 zi4 you2
(constitutional) freedom of association

洁身自好 潔身自好 jie2 shen1 zi4 hao4
clean-living and honest (idiom); to avoid immorality; to shun evil influence; to mind one's own business and keep out of trouble; to keep one's hands clean

金平苗瑶傣族自治县 金平苗瑤傣族自治縣 jin1 ping2 miao2 yao2 dai3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
see 金平苗族瑤族傣族自治縣|金平苗族瑶族傣族自治县

金平苗族瑶族傣族自治县 金平苗族瑤族傣族自治縣 jin1 ping2 miao2 zu2 yao2 zu2 dai3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Jinping Miao, Yao and Dai autonomous county in Honghe Hani and Yi autonomous prefecture 紅河哈尼族彞族自治州|红河哈尼族彝族自治州, Yunnan

金窝银窝不如自己的狗窝 金窩銀窩不如自己的狗窩 jin1 wo1 yin2 wo1 bu4 ru2 zi4 ji3 de5 gou3 wo1
there's no place like home (idiom)

金秀瑶族自治县 金秀瑤族自治縣 jin1 xiu4 yao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Jinxiu Yao autonomous county in Laibin 來賓|来宾, Guangxi

尽自 儘自 jin3 zi5
always; always regardless (of anything)

进退自如 進退自如 jin4 tui4 zi4 ru2
free to come and go (idiom); to have room to maneuver

景东彝族自治县 景東彞族自治縣 jing3 dong1 yi2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Jingdong Yi autonomous county in Pu'er 普洱, Yunnan

景谷傣族彝族自治县 景谷傣族彞族自治縣 jing3 gu3 dai3 zu2 yi2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Jinggu Dai and Yi autonomous county in Pu'er 普洱, Yunnan

景宁畲族自治县 景寧畬族自治縣 jing3 ning2 she1 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Jingning Shezu autonomous county in Lishui 麗水|丽水, Zhejiang

靖州苗族侗族自治县 靖州苗族侗族自治縣 jing4 zhou1 miao2 zu2 dong4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Jingzhou Miao and Dong autonomous county in Huaihua 懷化|怀化, Hunan

迳自 逕自 jing4 zi4
on one's own; without consulting others

径自 徑自 jing4 zi4
without leave; without consulting anyone

酒不醉人人自醉,色不迷人人自迷 酒不醉人人自醉,色不迷人人自迷 jiu3 bu4 zui4 ren2 ren2 zi4 zui4 - se4 bu4 mi2 ren2 ren2 zi4 mi2
wine doesn't make men drunk: men get themselves intoxicated. Lust does not overpower men: men surrender themselves to lust

居功自傲 居功自傲 ju1 gong1 zi4 ao4
satisfied with one's accomplishment and arrogant as a result (idiom); resting on one's laurels and despising others

喀喇沁左翼蒙古族自治县 喀喇沁左翼蒙古族自治縣 ka1 la3 qin4 zuo3 yi4 meng3 gu3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Harqin Left Mongol autonomous county in Chaoyang 朝陽|朝阳, Liaoning

克孜勒苏柯尔克孜自治州 克孜勒蘇柯爾克孜自治州 ke4 zi1 le4 su1 ke1 er3 ke4 zi1 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Qizilsu or Kizilsu Kyrgyz autonomous prefecture in Xinjiang

宽城满族自治县 寬城滿族自治縣 kuan1 cheng2 man3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Kuancheng Manchu Autonomous County in Chengde 承德, Hebei

宽甸满族自治县 寬甸滿族自治縣 kuan1 dian4 man3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Kuandian Manchu autonomous county in Dandong 丹東|丹东, Liaoning

狂妄自大 狂妄自大 kuang2 wang4 zi4 da4
arrogant and conceited

拉鲁湿地国家自然保护区 拉魯濕地國家自然保護區 la1 lu3 shi1 di4 guo2 jia1 zi4 ran2 bao3 hu4 qu1
Lhalu Wetland National Nature Reserve in Lhasa

来自 來自 lai2 zi4
to come from (a place); From: (in email header)

澜沧拉祜族自治县 瀾滄拉祜族自治縣 lan2 cang1 la1 hu4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Lancang Lahuzu Autonomous County in Pu'er 普洱, Yunnan

兰坪白族普米族自治县 蘭坪白族普米族自治縣 lan2 ping2 bai2 zu2 pu3 mi3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Lanping Bai and Pumi autonomous county in Nujiang Lisu autonomous prefecture 怒江傈僳族自治州 in northwest Yunnan

老山自行车馆 老山自行車館 lao3 shan1 zi4 xing2 che1 guan3
Laoshan Velodrome, a Beijing 2008 Olympics venue

老王卖瓜,自卖自夸 老王賣瓜,自賣自誇 lao3 wang2 mai4 gua1 - zi4 mai4 zi4 kua1
every potter praises his own pot (idiom); all one's geese are swans

乐东黎族自治县 樂東黎族自治縣 le4 dong1 li2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Ledong Lizu autonomous county, Hainan

冷暖自知 冷暖自知 leng3 nuan3 zi4 zhi1
see 如人飲水,冷暖自知|如人饮水,冷暖自知

李自成 李自成 li3 zi4 cheng2
Li Zicheng (1605-1645), leader of peasant rebellion at the end of the Ming Dynasty

丽江纳西族自治县 麗江納西族自治縣 li4 jiang1 na4 xi1 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Lijiang Naxi Autonomous County in Yunnan

联合自强 聯合自強 lian2 he2 zi4 qiang2
to combine together for self-improvement; joint movement for self-strengthening

连南瑶族自治县 連南瑤族自治縣 lian2 nan2 yao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Liannan Yao Autonomous County in Qingyuan 清遠|清远, Guangdong

连山壮族瑶族自治县 連山壯族瑤族自治縣 lian2 shan1 zhuang4 zu2 yao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Lianshan Zhuang and Yao autonomous county in Qingyuan 清远, Guangdong

凉山彝族自治州 涼山彞族自治州 liang2 shan1 yi2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Liangshan Yi autonomous prefecture, Sichuan

聊以自慰 聊以自慰 liao2 yi3 zi4 wei4
to find some consolation (idiom); to find relief in

临夏回族自治州 臨夏回族自治州 lin2 xia4 hui2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Linxia Hui autonomous prefecture in Gansu

陵水黎族自治县 陵水黎族自治縣 ling2 shui3 li2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Lingshui Lizu Autonomous County, Hainan

隆林各族自治县 隆林各族自治縣 long2 lin2 ge4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Longlin Various Nationalities Autonomous County in Baise 百色, Guangxi

龙胜各族自治县 龍勝各族自治縣 long2 sheng4 ge4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Longsheng Various Nationalities Autonomous County in Guilin 桂林, Guangxi

路南彝族自治县 路南彞族自治縣 lu4 nan2 yi2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Lu'nan Yizu Autonomous County in Yunnan

禄劝彝族苗族自治县 祿勸彞族苗族自治縣 lu4 quan4 yi2 zu2 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Luquan Yi and Miao autonomous county in Kunming 昆明, Yunnan

罗城仫佬族自治县 羅城仫佬族自治縣 luo2 cheng2 mu4 lao3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Luocheng Mulao autonomous county in Hezhou 賀州|贺州, Guangxi

麻阳苗族自治县 麻陽苗族自治縣 ma2 yang2 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Mayang Miao autonomous county in Huaihua 懷化|怀化, Hunan

马边彝族自治县 馬邊彞族自治縣 ma3 bian1 yi2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Mabian Yizu Autonomous County in Leshan 樂山|乐山, Sichuan

马自达 馬自達 ma3 zi4 da2
Mazda, Japanese car make (derived from name Matsuda 松田); also known as 萬事得|万事得

毛遂自荐 毛遂自薦 mao2 sui4 zi4 jian4
Mao Sui recommends himself (idiom); to offer one's services (in the style of Mao Sui offering his services to king of Chu 楚 of the Warring states)

媒体自由 媒體自由 mei2 ti3 zi4 you2
freedom of the media

扪心自问 捫心自問 men2 xin1 zi4 wen4
to ask oneself honestly; to search in one's heart

门源回族自治县 門源回族自治縣 men2 yuan2 hui2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Menyuan Hui autonomous county in Haibei Tibetan autonomous prefecture 海北藏族自治州, Qinghai

蒙自 蒙自 meng2 zi4
Mengzi county in Honghe Hani and Yi autonomous prefecture, Yunnan

蒙自县 蒙自縣 meng2 zi4 xian4
Mengzi county in Honghe Hani and Yi autonomous prefecture, Yunnan

孟村回族自治县 孟村回族自治縣 meng4 cun1 hui2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Mengcun Hui Autonomous County in Cangzhou 滄州|沧州, Hebei

孟连傣族拉祜族佤族自治县 孟連傣族拉祜族佤族自治縣 meng4 lian2 dai3 zu2 la1 hu4 zu2 wa3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Menglian Dai, Lahu and Va autonomous county in Pu'er 普洱, Yunnan

民和回族土族自治县 民和回族土族自治縣 min2 he2 hui2 zu2 tu3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Minhe Hui and Tu autonomous county in Haidong prefecture 海東地區|海东地区, Qinghai

民族自决 民族自決 min2 zu2 zi4 jue2
self-determination

墨江哈尼族自治县 墨江哈尼族自治縣 mo4 jiang1 ha1 ni2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Mojiang Ha'ni Autonomous County in Pu'er 普洱, Yunnan

莫力达瓦达斡尔族自治旗 莫力達瓦達斡爾族自治旗 mo4 li4 da2 wa3 da2 wo4 er3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 qi2
Morin Dawa Daur Autonomous Banner in Hulunbuir 呼倫貝爾|呼伦贝尔, Inner Mongolia

木垒哈萨克自治县 木壘哈薩克自治縣 mu4 lei3 ha1 sa4 ke4 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Mori Kazakh autonomous county or Mori Qazaq aptonom nahiyisi in Changji Hui autonomous prefecture 昌吉回族自治州, Xinjiang

木里藏族自治县 木里藏族自治縣 mu4 li3 zang4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Muli Tibetan autonomous county in Liangshan Yi autonomous prefecture 涼山彞族自治州|凉山彝族自治州, south Sichuan

南涧彝族自治县 南澗彞族自治縣 nan2 jian4 yi2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Nanjian Yizu autonomous county in Dali Bai autonomous prefecture 大理白族自治州, Yunnan

难以自已 難以自已 nan2 yi3 zi1 yi3
cannot control oneself (idiom); to be beside oneself

内蒙古自治区 內蒙古自治區 nei4 meng3 gu3 zi4 zhi4 qu1
Inner Mongolia autonomous region, abbr. 內蒙古|内蒙古, capital Hohhot 呼和浩特市

泥菩萨过江,自身难保 泥菩薩過江,自身難保 ni2 pu2 sa4 guo4 jiang1 - zi4 shen1 nan2 bao3
like a clay Bodhisattva fording a river, can't guarantee his own safety; unable to save oneself, let alone others

宁洱哈尼族彝族自治县 寧洱哈尼族彞族自治縣 ning2 er3 ha1 ni2 zu2 yi2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Ning'er Hani and Yi Autonomous County in Yunnan, capital Pu'er city 普洱市; formerly Pu'er Hani and Yi autonomous county

宁蒗彝族自治县 寧蒗彞族自治縣 ning2 lang4 yi2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Ninglang Yizu Autonomous County in Lijiang 麗江|丽江, Yunnan

宁夏回族自治区 寧夏回族自治區 ning2 xia4 hui2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 qu1
Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, abbr. 寧|宁, capital Yinchuan 銀川|银川

怒江傈僳族自治区 怒江傈僳族自治區 nu4 jiang1 li4 su4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 qu1
Nujiang Lisu autonomous prefecture in northwest Yunnan, capital Liuku or Lutku 六庫鎮|六库镇

怒江傈僳族自治州 怒江傈僳族自治州 nu4 jiang1 li4 su4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Nujiang Lisu autonomous prefecture in northwest Yunnan, capital Liuku or Lutku 六庫鎮|六库镇

欧洲自由贸易联盟 歐洲自由貿易聯盟 ou1 zhou1 zi4 you2 mao4 yi4 lian2 meng2
European Free Trade Association

彭水苗族土家族自治县 彭水苗族土家族自治縣 peng2 shui3 miao2 zu2 tu3 jia1 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Pengshui Miao and Tujia autonomous county in Qianjiang suburbs of Chongqing municipality

屏边苗族自治县 屏邊苗族自治縣 ping2 bian1 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Pingbian Mianzu autonomous county in Honghe Hani and Yi autonomous prefecture 紅河哈尼族彞族自治州|红河哈尼族彝族自治州, Yunnan

剖腹自杀 剖腹自殺 pou1 fu4 zi4 sha1
hara-kiri

普洱哈尼族彝族自治县 普洱哈尼族彞族自治縣 pu3 er3 ha1 ni2 zu2 yi2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
former Pu'er Hani and Yi autonomous county in Yunnan, renamed in 2007 Ning'er Hani and Yi autonomous county 寧洱哈尼族彞族自治縣|宁洱哈尼族彝族自治县, capital Pu'er city 普洱市

其来有自 其來有自 qi2 lai2 you3 zi4
there is a reason for it; (of sth) not incidental

其自身 其自身 qi2 zi4 shen1
one's own (respective); proprietary

黔东南苗族侗族自治州 黔東南苗族侗族自治州 qian2 dong1 nan2 miao2 zu2 dong4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Qiandongnan Miao and Dong autonomous prefecture in Guizhou, capital Kaili city 凱里市|凯里市

前郭尔罗斯蒙古族自治县 前郭爾羅斯蒙古族自治縣 qian2 guo1 er3 luo2 si1 meng3 gu3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Qian Gorlos Mongol autonomous county in Songyuan 松原, Jilin

黔南布依族苗族自治州 黔南布依族苗族自治州 qian2 nan2 bu4 yi1 zu2 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Qiannan Buyei and Miao autonomous prefecture in Guizhou, capital Duyun city 都勻市

黔西南布依族苗族自治州 黔西南布依族苗族自治州 qian2 xi1 nan2 bu4 yi1 zu2 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Qianxinan Buyei and Miao autonomous prefecture in Guizhou, capital Xing'yi city 興義市|兴义市

强中自有强中手 強中自有強中手 qiang2 zhong1 zi4 you3 qiang2 zhong1 shou3
however strong you are, there is always someone stronger (idiom); there is always sth more to learn; never be satisfied to rest on your laurels; there is no room for complacency

羟自由基 羥自由基 qiang3 zi4 you2 ji1
hydroxyl radical

亲自 親自 qin1 zi4
personally; in person; oneself

亲自动手 親自動手 qin1 zi4 dong4 shou3
to do the job oneself

青龙满族自治县 青龍滿族自治縣 qing1 long2 man3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Qinglong Manchu autonomous county in Qinhuangdao 秦皇島|秦皇岛, Hebei

清新自然 清新自然 qing1 xin1 zi4 ran2
as fresh and clean as nature (idiom)

清原满族自治县 清原滿族自治縣 qing1 yuan2 man3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Qingyuan Manchu autonomous county in Fushun 撫順|抚顺, Liaoning

情不自禁 情不自禁 qing2 bu4 zi4 jin1
unable to restrain emotions; cannot help

琼中黎族苗族自治县 瓊中黎族苗族自治縣 qiong2 zhong1 li2 zu2 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Qiongzhong Li and Miao autonomous county, Hainan

任其自然 任其自然 ren4 qi2 zi4 ran2
to let things take their course (idiom); to leave it to nature; laissez-faire

融水苗族自治县 融水苗族自治縣 rong2 shui3 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Rongshui Miao Autonomous County in Liuzhou 柳州, Guangxi

如人饮水,冷暖自知 如人飲水,冷暖自知 ru2 ren2 yin3 shui3 - leng3 nuan3 zi4 zhi1
the person who drinks it knows best whether the water is hot or cold (Zen proverb); self-awareness comes from within; to know best by personal experience

乳源瑶族自治县 乳源瑤族自治縣 ru3 yuan2 yao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Ruyuan Yao Autonomous County in Shaoguan 韶關|韶关, Guangdong

三都水族自治县 三都水族自治縣 san1 du1 shui3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Sandu Shuizu autonomous county in Qiannan Buyei and Miao autonomous prefecture 黔南州, Guizhou

三江侗族自治县 三江侗族自治縣 san1 jiang1 dong4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Sanjiang Dong autonomous county in Liuzhou 柳州, Guangxi

三自 三自 san1 zi4
abbr. for 三自愛國教會|三自爱国教会, Three-Self Patriotic Movement

三自爱国教会 三自愛國教會 san1 zi4 ai4 guo2 jiao4 hui4
Three-Self Patriotic Movement, PRC government-sanctioned Protestant church from 1949

三自教会 三自教會 san1 zi4 jiao4 hui4
Three-Self Patriotic Movement, PRC government-sanctioned Protestant church from 1949

山地自行车 山地自行車 shan1 di4 zi4 xing2 che1
mountain bike

擅自 擅自 shan4 zi4
without permission; of one's own initiative

善自保重 善自保重 shan4 zi4 bao3 zhong4
take good care of yourself!

善自为谋 善自為謀 shan4 zi4 wei2 mou2
to be good at working for one's own profit (idiom)

善自珍摄 善自珍攝 shan4 zi4 zhen1 she4
take good care of yourself! (idiom)

生产自救 生產自救 sheng1 chan3 zi4 jiu4
self-help (idiom)

石林彝族自治县 石林彞族自治縣 shi2 lin2 yi2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Shilin Yi autonomous county in Kunming 昆明, Yunnan

石柱土家族自治县 石柱土家族自治縣 shi2 zhu4 tu3 jia1 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Shizhu Tujia Autonomous County in Qianjiang suburbs of Chongqing municipality

是非自有公论 是非自有公論 shi4 fei1 zi4 you3 gong1 lun4
to determine right and wrong based on public opinion (idiom); Public opinion will judge what's right and wrong.

世界自然基金会 世界自然基金會 shi4 jie4 zi4 ran2 ji1 jin1 hui4
World Wildlife Fund WWF

书中自有黄金屋,书中自有颜如玉 書中自有黃金屋,書中自有顏如玉 shu1 zhong1 zi4 you3 huang2 jin1 wu1 - shu1 zhong1 zi4 you3 yan2 ru2 yu4
lit. in books are sumptuous houses and graceful ladies (proverb); fig. be diligent in your studies, success and glory will follow

双江拉祜族佤族布朗族傣族自治县 雙江拉祜族佤族布朗族傣族自治縣 shuang1 jiang1 la1 hu4 zu2 wa3 zu2 bu4 lang3 zu2 dai3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Shuangjiang Lahu, Va, Blang and Dai autonomous county in Lincang 臨滄|临沧, Yunnan

顺其自然 順其自然 shun4 qi2 zi4 ran2
to let nature take its course (idiom)

私自 私自 si1 zi4
private; personal; secretly; without explicit approval

松桃苗族自治县 松桃苗族自治縣 song1 tao2 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Songtao Miao Autonomous County, Guizhou

肃北蒙古族自治县 肅北蒙古族自治縣 su4 bei3 meng3 gu3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Subei Mongol autonomous county in Jiuquan 酒泉, Gansu

肃南裕固族自治县 肅南裕固族自治縣 su4 nan2 yu4 gu4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Su'nan Yuguzu autonomous county in Gansu

塔什库尔干塔吉克自治县 塔什庫爾干塔吉克自治縣 ta3 shi2 ku4 er3 gan1 ta3 ji2 ke4 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Taxkorgan Tajik autonomous county (Tashqurqan Tajik aptonom nahiyisi) in Kashgar prefecture 喀什地區|喀什地区, west Xinjiang

塔什库尔干自治县 塔什庫爾干自治縣 ta3 shi2 ku4 er3 gan1 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Taxkorgan Tajik autonomous county (Tashqurqan Tajik aptonom nahiyisi) in Kashgar prefecture 喀什地區|喀什地区, west Xinjiang

台湾民主自治同盟 台灣民主自治同盟 tai2 wan1 min2 zhu3 zi4 zhi4 tong2 meng2
Taiwan Democratic Self-Government League

泰然自若 泰然自若 tai4 ran2 zi4 ruo4
cool and collected (idiom); showing no sign of nerves; perfectly composed

谈笑自若 談笑自若 tan2 xiao4 zi4 ruo4
to talk and laugh as though nothing had happened; to remain cheerful (despite a crisis)

天才出自勤奋 天才出自勤奮 tian1 cai2 chu1 zi4 qin2 fen4
genius comes from hard effort; Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration (Thomas Edison)

天祝藏族自治县 天祝藏族自治縣 tian1 zhu4 zang4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Tianzhu Tibetan Autonomous County in Wuwei 武威, Gansu

听其自便 聽其自便 ting1 qi2 zi4 bian4
to allow sb to do sth at his convenience

听其自然 聽其自然 ting1 qi2 zi4 ran2
to let things take their course; to take things as they come

通道侗族自治县 通道侗族自治縣 tong1 dao4 dong4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Tongdao Dong Autonomous County in Huaihua 懷化|怀化, Hunan

通讯自动化 通訊自動化 tong1 xun4 zi4 dong4 hua4
communications automation

投缳自缢 投繯自縊 tou2 huan2 zi4 yi4
to hang oneself (idiom)

徒自惊扰 徒自驚擾 tu2 zi4 jing1 rao3
to alarm oneself unnecessarily (idiom)

吐丝自缚 吐絲自縛 tu3 si1 zi4 fu4
to spin a cocoon around oneself (idiom); enmeshed in a trap of one's own devising; hoist with his own petard

唾面自干 唾面自乾 tuo4 mian4 zi4 gan1
to be spat on in the face and let it dry by itself, not wiping it off (idiom); to turn the other cheek; to drain the cup of humiliation

玩火自焚 玩火自焚 wan2 huo3 zi4 fen2
to play with fire and get burnt (idiom); fig. to play with evil and suffer the consequences; to get one's fingers burnt

王婆卖瓜,自卖自夸 王婆賣瓜,自賣自誇 wang2 po2 mai4 gua1 - zi4 mai4 zi4 kua1
every potter praises his own pot (idiom); all one's geese are swans

妄自菲薄 妄自菲薄 wang4 zi4 fei3 bo2
to be unduly humble (idiom); to undervalue oneself

妄自尊大 妄自尊大 wang4 zi4 zun1 da4
ridiculous self-importance (idiom); arrogance

威福自己 威福自己 wei1 fu2 zi4 ji3
to abuse power; conflict of interest; power to judge as tyrant over one's own case

威宁彝族回族苗族自治县 威寧彞族回族苗族自治縣 wei1 ning2 yi2 zu2 hui2 zu2 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Weining Yi, Hui and Miao autonomous county in Bijie prefecture 畢節地區|毕节地区, Guizhou

巍山彝族回族自治县 巍山彞族回族自治縣 wei1 shan1 yi2 zu2 hui2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Weishan Yi and Hui autonomous county in Dali Bai autonomous prefecture 大理白族自治州, Yunnan

围场满族蒙古族自治县 圍場滿族蒙古族自治縣 wei2 chang3 man3 zu2 meng3 gu3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Weichang Manchu and Mongol autonomous county in Chengde 承德, Hebei

维西傈僳族自治县 維西傈僳族自治縣 wei2 xi1 li4 su4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Weixi Lisu autonomous county in Diqing Tibetan autonomous prefecture 迪慶藏族自治州|迪庆藏族自治州, northwest Yunnan

畏罪自杀 畏罪自殺 wei4 zui4 zi4 sha1
to commit suicide to escape punishment

文山壮族苗族自治州 文山壯族苗族自治州 wen2 shan1 zhuang4 zu2 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Wenshan Zhuang and Miao autonomous prefecture in Yunnan 雲南|云南

文责自负 文責自負 wen2 ze2 zi4 fu4
the author takes sole responsibility for the views expressed here (disclaimer)

卧龙自然保护区 臥龍自然保護區 wo4 long2 zi4 ran2 bao3 hu4 qu1
Wolong nature reserve in Wenchuan county, northwest Sichuan, home of the giant panda 大熊貓|大熊猫

无病自灸 無病自灸 wu2 bing4 zi4 jiu3
lit. to prescribe moxibustion for oneself when not ill; to cause oneself trouble with superfluous action

无地自容 無地自容 wu2 di4 zi4 rong2
ashamed and unable to show one's face

无师自通 無師自通 wu2 shi1 zi4 tong1
self-taught; to learn without a teacher (idiom)

吴自牧 吳自牧 wu2 zi4 mu4
Wu Zimu (lived c. 1270), writer at the end of the Song dynasty

五峰土家族自治县 五峰土家族自治縣 wu3 feng1 tu3 jia1 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Wufeng Tujiazu Autonomous County in Hubei

务川仡佬族苗族自治县 務川仡佬族苗族自治縣 wu4 chuan1 ge1 lao3 zu2 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Wuchuan Klau and Hmong Autonomous County in Zun'yi 遵義|遵义, northeast Guizhou

务川自治县 務川自治縣 wu4 chuan1 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Wuchuan Klau and Hmong autonomous county in Zun'yi 遵義|遵义, northeast Guizhou

兀自 兀自 wu4 zi4
(literary) still; yet

西盟佤族自治县 西盟佤族自治縣 xi1 meng2 wa3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Ximeng Va Autonomous County in Pu'er 普洱, Yunnan

西双版纳傣族自治州 西雙版納傣族自治州 xi1 shuang1 ban3 na4 dai3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Xishuangbanna Dhai autonomous prefecture in south Yunnan 雲南|云南

西藏自治区 西藏自治區 xi1 zang4 zi4 zhi4 qu1
Tibetan autonomous region, Tibetan: Bod rang skyong ljongs, abbr. 藏, capital Lhasa 拉薩|拉萨

习惯成自然 習慣成自然 xi2 guan4 cheng2 zi4 ran2
habit becomes nature (idiom); get used to something and it seems inevitable; second nature

习惯若自然 習慣若自然 xi2 guan4 ruo4 zi4 ran2
habit becomes nature (idiom); get used to something and it seems inevitable; second nature; same as 習慣成自然|习惯成自然

习惯自然 習慣自然 xi2 guan4 zi4 ran2
habit becomes nature (idiom); get used to something and it seems inevitable; second nature; same as 習慣成自然|习惯成自然

喜不自禁 喜不自禁 xi3 bu4 zi4 jin1
unable to contain one's joy (idiom)

喜不自胜 喜不自勝 xi3 bu4 zi4 sheng4
unable to contain one's joy (idiom)

湘西土家族苗族自治州 湘西土家族苗族自治州 xiang1 xi1 tu3 jia1 zu2 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Xiangxi Tujia and Miao autonomous prefecture in northwest Hunan, capital Jishou 吉首

逍遥自得 逍遙自得 xiao1 yao2 zi4 de2
doing as one pleases (idiom); foot-loose and fancy free

逍遥自在 逍遙自在 xiao1 yao2 zi4 zai5
free and at leisure (idiom); unfettered; outside the reach of the law (of criminal); at large

新宾满族自治县 新賓滿族自治縣 xin1 bin1 man3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Xinbin Manchu autonomous county in Fushun 撫順|抚顺, Liaoning

新晃侗族自治县 新晃侗族自治縣 xin1 huang3 dong4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Xinhuang Dong autonomous county in Huaihua 懷化|怀化, Hunan

新疆维吾尔自治区 新疆維吾爾自治區 xin1 jiang1 wei2 wu2 er3 zi4 zhi4 qu1
Xinjiang Uighur autonomous region, abbr. 新, capital Urumqi or Ürümqi 烏魯木齊|乌鲁木齐

心静自然凉 心靜自然涼 xin1 jing4 zi4 ran2 liang2
a calm heart keeps you cool (idiom)

新平彝族傣族自治县 新平彞族傣族自治縣 xin1 ping2 yi2 zu2 dai3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Xinping Yi and Dai autonomous county in Yuxi 玉溪, Yunnan

新闻自由 新聞自由 xin1 wen2 zi4 you2
freedom of the press

行动自由 行動自由 xing2 dong4 zi4 you2
freedom of action

秀山土家族苗族自治县 秀山土家族苗族自治縣 xiu4 shan1 tu3 jia1 zu2 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Xiushan Miao and Tujia autonomous county in Qianjiang suburbs of Chongqing municipality

岫岩满族自治县 岫岩滿族自治縣 xiu4 yan2 man3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Xiuyan Manzu autonomous county in Anshan 鞍山, Liaoning

轩轩自得 軒軒自得 xuan1 xuan1 zi4 de2
to be delighted with oneself

学术自由 學術自由 xue2 shu4 zi4 you2
academic freedom

寻甸回族彝族自治县 尋甸回族彞族自治縣 xun2 dian4 hui2 zu2 yi2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Xundian Hui and Yi autonomous county in Kunming 昆明, Yunnan

循化撒拉族自治县 循化撒拉族自治縣 xun2 hua4 sa3 la1 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Xunhua Salazu autonomous county in Haidong prefecture 海東地區|海东地区, Qinghai

焉耆回族自治县 焉耆回族自治縣 yan1 qi2 hui2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Yanqi Hui Autonomous County in Bayingolin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang 巴音郭楞蒙古自治州, Xinjiang

延边朝鲜族自治州 延邊朝鮮族自治州 yan2 bian1 chao2 xian3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Yanbian Korean autonomous prefecture in Jilin province 吉林省 in northeast China, capital Yanji city 延吉市

沿河土家族自治县 沿河土家族自治縣 yan2 he2 tu3 jia1 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Yanhe Tujia autonomous county in Tongren prefecture 銅仁地區|铜仁地区, Guizhou

言论自由 言論自由 yan2 lun4 zi4 you2
freedom of speech

洋洋自得 洋洋自得 yang2 yang2 zi4 de2
immensely pleased with oneself (idiom); proud; complacent

漾濞彝族自治县 漾濞彞族自治縣 yang4 bi4 yi2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Yangbi Yizu Autonomous County in Dali Bai autonomous prefecture 大理白族自治州, Yunnan

咬舌自尽 咬舌自盡 yao3 she2 zi4 jin4
to commit suicide by biting off one's tongue

夜郎自大 夜郎自大 ye4 lang2 zi4 da4
lit. Yelang thinks highly of itself (idiom); fig. foolish conceit

伊犁哈萨克自治州 伊犁哈薩克自治州 yi1 li2 ha1 sa4 ke4 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Ili Kazakh autonomous prefecture in Xinjiang

伊通满族自治县 伊通滿族自治縣 yi1 tong1 man3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Yitong Manchurian autonomous county in Siping 四平, Jilin

伊通自然保护区 伊通自然保護區 yi1 tong1 zi4 ran2 bao3 hu4 qu1
Yitong nature reserve in Yitong Manchurian autonomous county 伊通滿族自治縣|伊通满族自治县, Siping, Jilin

怡然自得 怡然自得 yi2 ran2 zi4 de2
happy and content (idiom)

以老大自居 以老大自居 yi3 lao3 da4 zi4 ju1
regarding oneself as number one in terms of leadership, seniority or status

译自 譯自 yi4 zi4
translation from; loan from (e.g. English word)

印江土家族苗族自治县 印江土家族苗族自治縣 yin4 jiang1 tu3 jia1 zu2 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Yinjiang Tujia and Hmong autonomous county in Tongren prefecture 銅仁地區|铜仁地区, Guizhou

盈亏自负 盈虧自負 ying2 kui1 zi4 fu4
responsible for its profit and losses (of organization); financially autonomous; personal financial responsibility

应付自如 應付自如 ying4 fu5 zi4 ru2
to handle matters with ease (idiom); to hold one's own

庸人自扰 庸人自擾 yong1 ren2 zi4 rao3
lit. silly people get their panties in a bunch (idiom); fig. to get upset over nothing; to make problems for oneself

优游自得 優遊自得 you1 you2 zi4 de2
free and at leisure (idiom); unfettered

犹自 猶自 you2 zi4
(literary) still; yet

酉阳土家族苗族自治县 酉陽土家族苗族自治縣 you3 yang2 tu3 jia1 zu2 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Youyang Miao and Tujia autonomous county in Qianjiang suburbs of Chongqing municipality

与人方便,自己方便 與人方便,自己方便 yu3 ren2 fang1 bian4 - zi4 ji3 fang1 bian4
Help others, and others may help you (idiom).

玉龙纳西族自治县 玉龍納西族自治縣 yu4 long2 na4 xi1 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Yulong Naxi autonomous county in Lijiang 麗江|丽江, Yunnan

玉屏侗族自治县 玉屏侗族自治縣 yu4 ping2 dong4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Yuping Dong Autonomous County in Tongren prefecture 銅仁地區|铜仁地区, Guizhou

玉树藏族自治州 玉樹藏族自治州 yu4 shu4 zang4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Yushu Tibetan autonomous prefecture (Tibetan: yus hru'u bod rigs rang skyong khul) in Qinghai

元胞自动机 元胞自動機 yuan2 bao1 zi4 dong4 ji1
cellular automaton

元江哈尼族彝族傣族自治县 元江哈尼族彞族傣族自治縣 yuan2 jiang1 ha1 ni2 zu2 yi2 zu2 dai3 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Yuanjiang Hani, Yi and Dai autonomous county in Yuxi 玉溪, Yunnan

源自 源自 yuan2 zi4
to originate from

运用自如 運用自如 yun4 yong4 zi4 ru2
to have a fluent command of (idiom)

造茧自缚 造繭自縛 zao4 jian3 zi4 fu4
to spin a cocoon around oneself (idiom); enmeshed in a trap of one's own devising; hoist with his own petard

沾沾自喜 沾沾自喜 zhan1 zhan1 zi4 xi3
immeasurably self-satisfied

张家川回族自治县 張家川回族自治縣 zhang1 jia1 chuan1 hui2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Zhanjiachuan Huizu autonomous county in Gansu

张自烈 張自烈 zhang1 zi4 lie4
Zhang Zilie (1597-1673), Ming dynasty scholar, author of Zhengzitong 正字通

张自忠 張自忠 zhang1 zi4 zhong1
Zhang Zizhong (1891-1940), Chinese National Revolutionary Army general during the Second Sino-Japanese War

找不自在 找不自在 zhao3 bu4 zi4 zai5
to ask for trouble; to bring misfortune on oneself

镇宁布依族苗族自治县 鎮寧布依族苗族自治縣 zhen4 ning2 bu4 yi1 zu2 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Zhenning Buyei and Hmong autonomous county in Anshun 安順|安顺, Guizhou

镇沅彝族哈尼族拉祜族自治县 鎮沅彞族哈尼族拉祜族自治縣 zhen4 yuan2 yi2 zu2 ha1 ni2 zu2 la1 hu4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Zhenyuan Yi, Hani and Lahu autonomous county in Pu'er 普洱, Yunnan

知人者智,自知者明 知人者智,自知者明 zhi1 ren2 zhe3 zhi4 - zi4 zhi1 zhe3 ming2
those who understand others are clever, but those who know themselves are truly wise (idiom, from Laozi's 道德經|道德经

芷江侗族自治县 芷江侗族自治縣 zhi3 jiang1 dong4 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Zhijiang Dong Autonomous County in Huaihua 懷化|怀化, Hunan

朱自清 朱自清 zhu1 zi4 qing1
Zhu Ziqing (1898-1948), poet and essayist

紫云苗族布依族自治县 紫云苗族布依族自治縣 zi3 yun2 miao2 zu2 bu4 yi1 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Ziyun Hmong and Buyei autonomous county in Anshun 安順|安顺, Guizhou

自爱 自愛 zi4 ai4
self-respect; self-love; self-regard; regard for oneself; to cherish one's good name; to take good care of one's health

自艾自怜 自艾自憐 zi4 ai4 zi4 lian2
to feel sorry for oneself

自傲 自傲 zi4 ao4
arrogance; proud of sth

自拔 自拔 zi4 ba2
to free oneself; to extricate oneself from a difficult situation

自白 自白 zi4 bai2
confession; to make clear one's position or intentions; to brag

自白书 自白書 zi4 bai2 shu1
confession

自保 自保 zi4 bao3
to defend oneself; self-defense; self-preservation

自爆 自爆 zi4 bao4
to explode; spontaneous detonation; self-detonation; suicide bombing; to disclose private matters about oneself

自报公议 自報公議 zi4 bao4 gong1 yi4
self-assessment; declare one's state for open discussion

自报家门 自報家門 zi4 bao4 jia1 men2
to introduce oneself; originally a theatrical device in which a character explains his own role

自暴自弃 自暴自棄 zi4 bao4 zi4 qi4
to abandon oneself to despair; to give up and stop bothering

自卑 自卑 zi4 bei1
feeling inferior; self-abased

自卑情绪 自卑情緒 zi4 bei1 qing2 xu4
inferiority complex

自卑心理 自卑心理 zi4 bei1 xin1 li3
sense of inferiority; inferiority complex

自备 自備 zi4 bei4
to provide one's own...; own; self-provided; self-contained

自闭症 自閉症 zi4 bi4 zheng4
autism

自便 自便 zi4 bian4
to do as one pleases; to not inconvenience oneself

自变量 自變量 zi4 bian4 liang4
independent variable

自不必说 自不必說 zi4 bu4 bi4 shuo1
to not need dwell on (idiom)

自不待言 自不待言 zi4 bu4 dai4 yan2
needless to say; it goes without saying

自不量力 自不量力 zi4 bu4 liang4 li4
to overestimate one's capabilities (idiom)

自残 自殘 zi4 can2
to mutilate oneself; self-harm

自惭形秽 自慚形穢 zi4 can2 xing2 hui4
to feel ashamed of one's inferiority (idiom); to feel inferior

自嘲 自嘲 zi4 chao2
to mock oneself; to laugh at oneself

自称 自稱 zi4 cheng1
to call oneself; to claim to be; to profess; to claim a title

自成一家 自成一家 zi4 cheng2 yi1 jia1
to have a style of one's own

自创 自創 zi4 chuang4
to create; to come up with (an idea etc)

自吹自擂 自吹自擂 zi4 chui1 zi4 lei2
to blow one's own trumpet (idiom)

自此 自此 zi4 ci3
since then; henceforth

自从 自從 zi4 cong2
since (a time); ever since

自忖 自忖 zi4 cun3
to speculate; to ponder

自打 自打 zi4 da3
(coll.) since

自大 自大 zi4 da4
arrogant

自大狂 自大狂 zi4 da4 kuang2
megalomania; egomania; delusions of grandeur

自带 自帶 zi4 dai4
to bring one's own; BYO; (of software) preinstalled

自导 自導 zi4 dao3
self-guided; autonomous

自得 自得 zi4 de2
contented; pleased with one's position

自得其乐 自得其樂 zi4 de2 qi2 le4
to find amusement in one's own way; to enjoy oneself quietly

自底向上 自底向上 zi4 di3 xiang4 shang4
bottom-up

自顶向下 自頂向下 zi4 ding3 xiang4 xia4
top-down

自定义 自定義 zi4 ding4 yi4
custom; user-defined

自动 自動 zi4 dong4
automatic; voluntarily

自动步道 自動步道 zi4 dong4 bu4 dao4
moving walkway; travelator

自动车 自動車 zi4 dong4 che1
automobile

自动挡 自動擋 zi4 dong4 dang3
automatic transmission; auto gear shift

自动点唱机 自動點唱機 zi4 dong4 dian3 chang4 ji1
jukebox; nickelodeon

自动扶梯 自動扶梯 zi4 dong4 fu2 ti1
escalator

自动付款机 自動付款機 zi4 dong4 fu4 kuan3 ji1
cash dispenser; auto-teller; ATM

自动挂挡 自動掛擋 zi4 dong4 gua4 dang3
automatic gear change

自动柜员机 自動櫃員機 zi4 dong4 gui4 yuan2 ji1
automated teller machine (ATM)

自动化 自動化 zi4 dong4 hua4
automation

自动化技术 自動化技術 zi4 dong4 hua4 ji4 shu4
automation

自动恢复 自動恢復 zi4 dong4 hui1 fu4
spontaneous recovery

自动控制 自動控制 zi4 dong4 kong4 zhi4
automatic control

自动离合 自動離合 zi4 dong4 li2 he2
automatic clutch

自动楼梯 自動樓梯 zi4 dong4 lou2 ti1
escalator

自动免疫 自動免疫 zi4 dong4 mian3 yi4
active immunity

自动铅笔 自動鉛筆 zi4 dong4 qian1 bi3
mechanical pencil; propelling pencil

自动取款机 自動取款機 zi4 dong4 qu3 kuan3 ji1
automated teller machine (ATM)

自动射线摄影 自動射線攝影 zi4 dong4 she4 xian4 she4 ying3
autoradiography

自动售货机 自動售貨機 zi4 dong4 shou4 huo4 ji1
vending machine

自动提款 自動提款 zi4 dong4 ti2 kuan3
automatic cash withdrawal; bank autoteller ATM

自动提款机 自動提款機 zi4 dong4 ti2 kuan3 ji1
bank autoteller; ATM

自动自发 自動自發 zi4 dong4 zi4 fa1
(to act) on one's own initiative

自渎 自瀆 zi4 du2
masturbation; to masturbate

自发 自發 zi4 fa1
spontaneous

自发电位 自發電位 zi4 fa1 dian4 wei4
electroencephalogram (EEG)

自发对称破缺 自發對稱破缺 zi4 fa1 dui4 chen4 po4 que1
spontaneous symmetry breaking (physics)

自反 自反 zi4 fan3
to introspect; to self-reflect; (math.) reflexive

自费 自費 zi4 fei4
(be) at one's own expense

自焚 自焚 zi4 fen2
self-immolation

自奉俭约 自奉儉約 zi4 feng4 jian3 yue1
to live frugally (idiom)

自奉甚俭 自奉甚儉 zi4 feng4 shen4 jian3
to allow oneself few comforts or pleasures (idiom)

自负 自負 zi4 fu4
conceited; to take responsibility

自缚手脚 自縛手腳 zi4 fu4 shou3 jiao3
to bind oneself hand and foot

自负盈亏 自負盈虧 zi4 fu4 ying2 kui1
responsible for its profit and losses (of organization); financially autonomous; personal financial responsibility

自甘堕落 自甘墮落 zi4 gan1 duo4 luo4
to abandon oneself (idiom); to let oneself go

自高 自高 zi4 gao1
to be proud of oneself

自高自大 自高自大 zi4 gao1 zi4 da4
to think of oneself as terrific (idiom); arrogant

自告奋勇 自告奮勇 zi4 gao4 fen4 yong3
to volunteer for; to offer to undertake

自个儿 自個兒 zi4 ge3 er5
(dialect) oneself; by oneself

自各儿 自各兒 zi4 ge3 er5
variant of 自個兒|自个儿

自宫 自宮 zi4 gong1
to castrate oneself

自贡 自貢 zi4 gong4
Zigong prefecture level city in Sichuan

自贡市 自貢市 zi4 gong4 shi4
Zigong prefecture level city in Sichuan

自古 自古 zi4 gu3
(since) ancient times; (from) time immemorial

自古以来 自古以來 zi4 gu3 yi3 lai2
since ancient times

自顾自 自顧自 zi4 gu4 zi4
each minding his own business

自豪 自豪 zi4 hao2
proud (of one's achievements etc)

自豪感 自豪感 zi4 hao2 gan3
pride in sth; self-esteem

自黑 自黑 zi4 hei1
(Internet slang) to make fun of oneself

自画像 自畫像 zi4 hua4 xiang4
self-portrait

自悔 自悔 zi4 hui3
to regret; to repent

自给 自給 zi4 ji3
self-reliant

自己 自己 zi4 ji3
oneself; one's own

自己动手 自己動手 zi4 ji3 dong4 shou3
to do (sth) oneself; to help oneself to

自己人 自己人 zi4 ji3 ren2
those on our side; ourselves; one's own people; one of us

自给自足 自給自足 zi4 ji3 zi4 zu2
self-sufficiency; autarchy

自家 自家 zi4 jia1
oneself; one's own family

自家人 自家人 zi4 jia1 ren2
sb with whom one is on familiar terms; sb from the same place (same house, same town etc); one of us

自驾汽车出租 自駕汽車出租 zi4 jia4 qi4 che1 chu1 zu1
self-drive car rental

自驾租赁 自駕租賃 zi4 jia4 zu1 lin4
self-drive hire (of a car etc)

自检 自檢 zi4 jian3
to act with self-restraint; to examine oneself; to perform a self-test

自荐 自薦 zi4 jian4
to recommend oneself (for a job)

自洁 自潔 zi4 jie2
to cleanse oneself; to sanctify oneself; self-cleaning (spark plug, oven etc)

自矜 自矜 zi4 jin1
to boast; to blow one's own horn

自尽 自盡 zi4 jin4
to kill oneself; suicide

自经 自經 zi4 jing1
(literary) to hang oneself

自居 自居 zi4 ju1
to consider oneself as; to believe oneself to be

自举 自舉 zi4 ju3
bootstrapping

自觉 自覺 zi4 jue2
conscious; aware; on one's own initiative; conscientious

自掘坟墓 自掘墳墓 zi4 jue2 fen2 mu4
to dig one's own grave

自控 自控 zi4 kong4
automated; automatically regulated; to control oneself; self-control

自夸 自誇 zi4 kua1
to boast

自况 自況 zi4 kuang4
to compare oneself; to view oneself as

自愧不如 自愧不如 zi4 kui4 bu4 ru2
ashamed of being inferior (idiom); to feel inferior to others

自愧弗如 自愧弗如 zi4 kui4 fu2 ru2
to feel ashamed at being inferior (idiom)

自来 自來 zi4 lai2
from the beginning; always; to come of one's own accord

自来水 自來水 zi4 lai2 shui3
running water; tap water

自来水管 自來水管 zi4 lai2 shui3 guan3
water mains; service pipe; tap-water pipe

自理 自理 zi4 li3
to take care of oneself; to provide for oneself

自立 自立 zi4 li4
independent; self-reliant; self-sustaining; to stand on one's own feet; to support oneself

自力更生 自力更生 zi4 li4 geng1 sheng1
regeneration through one's own effort (idiom); self-reliance

自立门户 自立門戶 zi4 li4 men2 hu4
to form one's own group or school of thought; to set up one's own business; to establish oneself

自立自强 自立自強 zi4 li4 zi4 qiang2
to strive for self-improvement

自恋 自戀 zi4 lian4
narcissism

自留地 自留地 zi4 liu2 di4
private plot allocated to an individual on a collective farm

自流井 自流井 zi4 liu2 jing3
Ziliujing district of Zigong city 自貢市|自贡市, Sichuan

自流井区 自流井區 zi4 liu2 jing3 qu1
Ziliujing district of Zigong city 自貢市|自贡市, Sichuan

自律 自律 zi4 lv4
self-discipline; self-regulation; autonomy (ethics); autonomic (physiology)

自律神经系统 自律神經系統 zi4 lv4 shen2 jing1 xi4 tong3
autonomic nervous system

自律性组织 自律性組織 zi4 lv4 xing4 zu3 zhi1
Self-Regulation Organization; SRO

自满 自滿 zi4 man3
complacent; self-satisfied

自贸区 自貿區 zi4 mao4 qu1
abbr. for 自由貿易區|自由贸易区

自勉 自勉 zi4 mian3
to encourage oneself

自民党 自民黨 zi4 min2 dang3
Liberal Democratic Party (Japanese political party)

自鸣得意 自鳴得意 zi4 ming2 de2 yi4
to think highly of oneself

自鸣钟 自鳴鐘 zi4 ming2 zhong1
chiming clock

自命 自命 zi4 ming4
to consider oneself to be (sth positive)

自命不凡 自命不凡 zi4 ming4 bu4 fan2
to think too much of oneself; self-important; arrogant

自命清高 自命清高 zi4 ming4 qing1 gao1
to think of oneself as high and pure (idiom); smug and self-righteous; holier-than-thou

自溺 自溺 zi4 ni4
to drown oneself

自拍 自拍 zi4 pai1
to take a picture or video of oneself

自拍杆 自拍桿 zi4 pai1 gan3
selfie stick; also written 自拍杆

自拍模式 自拍模式 zi4 pai1 mo2 shi4
camera self-timer mode (for delayed shutter release)

自拍器 自拍器 zi4 pai1 qi4
camera self-timer (for delayed shutter release)

自拍神器 自拍神器 zi4 pai1 shen2 qi4
selfie stick

自拍照 自拍照 zi4 pai1 zhao4
selfie

自排 自排 zi4 pai2
automatic transmission

自欺 自欺 zi4 qi1
to deceive oneself

自欺欺人 自欺欺人 zi4 qi1 qi1 ren2
to deceive others and to deceive oneself; to believe one's own lies

自谦 自謙 zi4 qian1
modest; self-deprecating

自谴 自譴 zi4 qian3
to blame oneself; self-recrimination

自戕 自戕 zi4 qiang1
commit suicide

自强 自強 zi4 qiang2
to strive for self-improvement

自强不息 自強不息 zi4 qiang2 bu4 xi1
to strive unremittingly; self-improvement

自强运动 自強運動 zi4 qiang2 yun4 dong4
Self-Strengthening Movement (period of reforms in China c 1861-1894), also named 洋務運動|洋务运动

自强自立 自強自立 zi4 qiang2 zi4 li4
to strive for self-improvement

自取 自取 zi4 qu3
to help oneself to (food); to invite (trouble); to court (disaster)

自取灭亡 自取滅亡 zi4 qu3 mie4 wang2
to court disaster (idiom); to dig one's own grave

自取其咎 自取其咎 zi4 qu3 qi2 jiu4
to have only oneself to blame (idiom); to bring trouble through one's own actions

自燃 自燃 zi4 ran2
spontaneous combustion

自然 自然 zi4 ran2
nature; natural; naturally

自然保护区 自然保護區 zi4 ran2 bao3 hu4 qu1
nature reserve

自然而然 自然而然 zi4 ran2 er2 ran2
involuntary; automatically

自然法 自然法 zi4 ran2 fa3
natural law

自然风光 自然風光 zi4 ran2 feng1 guang1
nature and scenery

自然界 自然界 zi4 ran2 jie4
nature; the natural world

自然经济 自然經濟 zi4 ran2 jing1 ji4
natural economy (exchange of goods by bartering not involving money)

自然科学 自然科學 zi4 ran2 ke1 xue2
natural sciences

自然科学基金会 自然科學基金會 zi4 ran2 ke1 xue2 ji1 jin1 hui4
natural science fund

自然疗法 自然療法 zi4 ran2 liao2 fa3
natural therapy

自然人 自然人 zi4 ran2 ren2
natural person (law); see also 法人

自然神论 自然神論 zi4 ran2 shen2 lun4
deism, theological theory of God who does not interfere in the Universe

自然史 自然史 zi4 ran2 shi3
natural history (i.e. botany and zoology)

自然数 自然數 zi4 ran2 shu4
natural number

自然数集 自然數集 zi4 ran2 shu4 ji2
the set of natural numbers (math.)

自然条件 自然條件 zi4 ran2 tiao2 jian4
natural conditions

自然铜 自然銅 zi4 ran2 tong2
natural copper; chalcopyrite; copper iron sulfide CuFeS2

自然现象 自然現象 zi4 ran2 xian4 xiang4
natural phenomenon

自然选择 自然選擇 zi4 ran2 xuan3 ze2
natural selection

自然语言 自然語言 zi4 ran2 yu3 yan2
natural language

自然语言处理 自然語言處理 zi4 ran2 yu3 yan2 chu3 li3
natural language processing, NLP

自然灾害 自然災害 zi4 ran2 zai1 hai4
natural disaster

自然之友 自然之友 zi4 ran2 zhi1 you3
Friends of Nature (Chinese environmental NGO)

自然主义 自然主義 zi4 ran2 zhu3 yi4
naturalism (philosophy)

自然资源 自然資源 zi4 ran2 zi1 yuan2
natural resource

自认 自認 zi4 ren4
to believe (sth in relation to oneself); to regard oneself as; to acknowledge (sth in relation to oneself); to resign oneself to

自如 自如 zi4 ru2
unobstructed; unconstrained; smoothly; with ease; freely

自若 自若 zi4 ruo4
calm; composed; at ease

自杀 自殺 zi4 sha1
to kill oneself; to commit suicide; to attempt suicide

自杀式 自殺式 zi4 sha1 shi4
suicide (attack); suicidal

自杀式爆炸 自殺式爆炸 zi4 sha1 shi4 bao4 zha4
suicide bombing

自杀式炸弹 自殺式炸彈 zi4 sha1 shi4 zha4 dan4
a suicide bomb

自杀炸弹杀手 自殺炸彈殺手 zi4 sha1 zha4 dan4 sha1 shou3
suicide bomber

自上而下 自上而下 zi4 shang4 er2 xia4
top-down

自身 自身 zi4 shen1
itself; oneself; one's own

自身利益 自身利益 zi4 shen1 li4 yi4
one's own interests

自身难保 自身難保 zi4 shen1 nan2 bao3
powerless to defend oneself (idiom); helpless

自生自灭 自生自滅 zi4 sheng1 zi4 mie4
to emerge and perish on its own; to run its course (idiom)

自失 自失 zi4 shi1
at a loss

自食恶果 自食惡果 zi4 shi2 e4 guo3
lit. to eat one's own bitter fruit (idiom); fig. to suffer the consequences of one's own actions; to stew in one's own juice

自食苦果 自食苦果 zi4 shi2 ku3 guo3
see 自食惡果|自食恶果

自食其果 自食其果 zi4 shi2 qi2 guo3
to eat one's own fruit (idiom); fig. suffering the consequences of one's own action; to reap what one has sown

自食其力 自食其力 zi4 shi2 qi2 li4
lit. to eat off one's own strength (idiom); fig. to stand on one's own feet; to earn one's own living

自始 自始 zi4 shi3
from the outset; ab initio

自始至终 自始至終 zi4 shi3 zhi4 zhong1
from start to finish (idiom)

自视 自視 zi4 shi4
to view oneself

自恃 自恃 zi4 shi4
self-esteem; self-reliance; overconfident; conceited

自视清高 自視清高 zi4 shi4 qing1 gao1
to think highly of oneself (idiom); giving oneself airs; arrogant and self-important

自视甚高 自視甚高 zi4 shi4 shen4 gao1
to think highly of oneself (idiom); giving oneself airs; arrogant and self-important

自适应 自適應 zi4 shi4 ying4
adaptive

自首 自首 zi4 shou3
to give oneself up; to surrender (to the authorities)

自述 自述 zi4 shu4
to recount in one's own words; autobiography; written self-introduction

自私 自私 zi4 si1
selfish; selfishness

自私自利 自私自利 zi4 si1 zi4 li4
everything for self and selfish profit (idiom); with no regard for others; selfish; mercenary

自诉 自訴 zi4 su4
private prosecution (law); (of a patient) to describe (one's symptoms)

自叹不如 自嘆不如 zi4 tan4 bu4 ru2
to consider oneself as being not as good as the others

自讨苦吃 自討苦吃 zi4 tao3 ku3 chi1
to ask for trouble (idiom); to make a rod for one's own back

自讨没趣 自討沒趣 zi4 tao3 mei2 qu4
to invite a snub; to court a rebuff

自体免疫疾病 自體免疫疾病 zi4 ti3 mian3 yi4 ji2 bing4
autoimmune disease

自投罗网 自投羅網 zi4 tou2 luo2 wang3
to walk right into the trap

自卫 自衛 zi4 wei4
self-defense

自慰 自慰 zi4 wei4
to console oneself; to masturbate; onanism; masturbation

自卫队 自衛隊 zi4 wei4 dui4
self-defense force; the Japanese armed forces

自刎 自刎 zi4 wen3
to commit suicide by cutting one's own throat

自问 自問 zi4 wen4
to ask oneself; to search one's soul; to reach a conclusion after weighing a matter

自我 自我 zi4 wo3
self-; ego (psychology)

自我安慰 自我安慰 zi4 wo3 an1 wei4
to comfort oneself; to console oneself; to reassure oneself

自我吹嘘 自我吹噓 zi4 wo3 chui1 xu1
to blow one's own horn (idiom)

自我催眠 自我催眠 zi4 wo3 cui1 mian2
self-hypnotism

自我的人 自我的人 zi4 wo3 de5 ren2
(my, your) own person; (to assert) one's own personality

自我防卫 自我防衛 zi4 wo3 fang2 wei4
self-defense

自我解嘲 自我解嘲 zi4 wo3 jie3 chao2
to refer to one's foibles or failings with self-deprecating humor

自我介绍 自我介紹 zi4 wo3 jie4 shao4
self-introduction; to introduce oneself

自我批评 自我批評 zi4 wo3 pi1 ping2
self-criticism

自我实现 自我實現 zi4 wo3 shi2 xian4
self-actualization (psychology); self-realization

自我陶醉 自我陶醉 zi4 wo3 tao2 zui4
self-satisfied; self-imbued; narcissistic

自我意识 自我意識 zi4 wo3 yi4 shi2
self-awareness

自习 自習 zi4 xi2
to study outside of class time (reviewing one's lessons); to study in one's free time; individual study

自下而上 自下而上 zi4 xia4 er2 shang4
bottom-up

自相 自相 zi4 xiang1
mutual; each other; one another; self-

自相残杀 自相殘殺 zi4 xiang1 can2 sha1
to massacre one another (idiom); internecine strife

自相惊扰 自相驚擾 zi4 xiang1 jing1 rao3
to frighten one another

自相矛盾 自相矛盾 zi4 xiang1 mao2 dun4
to contradict oneself; self-contradictory; inconsistent

自相鱼肉 自相魚肉 zi4 xiang1 yu2 rou4
butchering one another as fish and flesh (idiom); killing one another; internecine strife

自卸车 自卸車 zi4 xie4 che1
dump truck

自信 自信 zi4 xin4
to have confidence in oneself; self-confidence

自信心 自信心 zi4 xin4 xin1
self-confidence

自行 自行 zi4 xing2
voluntary; autonomous; by oneself; self-

自行车 自行車 zi4 xing2 che1
bicycle; bike

自行车馆 自行車館 zi4 xing2 che1 guan3
cycling stadium; velodrome

自行车架 自行車架 zi4 xing2 che1 jia4
bike rack; bicycle frame

自行车赛 自行車賽 zi4 xing2 che1 sai4
cycle race

自行了断 自行了斷 zi4 xing2 liao3 duan4
to take one's life

自行其是 自行其是 zi4 xing2 qi2 shi4
to act as one thinks fit; to have one's own way

自省 自省 zi4 xing3
to examine oneself; to reflect on one's shortcomings; introspection; self-awareness; self-criticism

自修 自修 zi4 xiu1
to study on one's own; self-study

自诩 自詡 zi4 xu3
to pose as; to flaunt oneself as; to boast of; to brag

自序 自序 zi4 xu4
author's preface; autobiographical notes as introduction to a book

自选 自選 zi4 xuan3
to choose by oneself; free to choose; optional; self-service

自学 自學 zi4 xue2
self-study; to study on one's own

自学成才 自學成才 zi4 xue2 cheng2 cai2
a self-made genius

自寻烦恼 自尋煩惱 zi4 xun2 fan2 nao3
to bring trouble on oneself (idiom)

自寻死路 自尋死路 zi4 xun2 si3 lu4
to follow the path to one's own doom (idiom); to bring about one's own destruction

自言自语 自言自語 zi4 yan2 zi4 yu3
to talk to oneself; to think aloud; to soliloquize

自养 自養 zi4 yang3
self-sustaining; economically independent (of state aid, foreign subsidy etc)

自养生物 自養生物 zi4 yang3 sheng1 wu4
(biology) autotroph

自要 自要 zi4 yao4
so long as; provided that

自贻伊戚 自貽伊戚 zi4 yi2 yi1 qi1
to create trouble for oneself (idiom)

自以为是 自以為是 zi4 yi3 wei2 shi4
to believe oneself infallible (idiom); to be opinionated

自抑 自抑 zi4 yi4
to control oneself

自缢 自縊 zi4 yi4
to hang oneself

自淫 自淫 zi4 yin2
masturbation

自营 自營 zi4 ying2
self-operated; to operate one's own business

自营商 自營商 zi4 ying2 shang1
dealer

自由 自由 zi4 you2
freedom; free; liberty

自游 自遊 zi4 you2
to travel alone (i.e. not with a tourist group)

自由城 自由城 zi4 you2 cheng2
Freetown, capital of Sierra Leone (Tw)

自由党 自由黨 zi4 you2 dang3
Liberal Party

自由度 自由度 zi4 you2 du4
(number of) degrees of freedom (physics and statistics)

自由放任 自由放任 zi4 you2 fang4 ren4
laissez-faire

自由港 自由港 zi4 you2 gang3
free port

自由古巴 自由古巴 zi4 you2 gu3 ba1
Cuba Libre

自由焓 自由焓 zi4 you2 han2
free enthalpy (thermodynamics); Gibbs free energy

自由化 自由化 zi4 you2 hua4
liberalization; freeing (from sth)

自由活动 自由活動 zi4 you2 huo2 dong4
free time (between organized activities)

自由基 自由基 zi4 you2 ji1
free radical

自由基清除剂 自由基清除劑 zi4 you2 ji1 qing1 chu2 ji4
radical scavenger (chemistry)

自由降落 自由降落 zi4 you2 jiang4 luo4
free fall

自由爵士乐 自由爵士樂 zi4 you2 jue2 shi4 yue4
free jazz (music genre)

自由落体 自由落體 zi4 you2 luo4 ti3
free-fall

自由贸易 自由貿易 zi4 you2 mao4 yi4
free trade

自由贸易区 自由貿易區 zi4 you2 mao4 yi4 qu1
free trade zone; free trade area

自由民主党 自由民主黨 zi4 you2 min2 zhu3 dang3
Liberal Democratic Party

自由女神像 自由女神像 zi4 you2 nv3 shen2 xiang4
Statue of Liberty

自由派 自由派 zi4 you2 pai4
liberal

自由企业 自由企業 zi4 you2 qi3 ye4
free enterprise (in capitalist theory)

自由软件基金会 自由軟件基金會 zi4 you2 ruan3 jian4 ji1 jin1 hui4
Free Software Foundation

自由散漫 自由散漫 zi4 you2 san3 man4
easy-going; lax; unconstrained; unruly

自由神像 自由神像 zi4 you2 shen2 xiang4
Statue of Liberty

自由市 自由市 zi4 you2 shi4
Libreville, capital of Gabon (Tw)

自由式 自由式 zi4 you2 shi4
freestyle (in sports)

自由市场 自由市場 zi4 you2 shi4 chang3
free market

自由素食主义 自由素食主義 zi4 you2 su4 shi2 zhu3 yi4
Freeganism

自由体操 自由體操 zi4 you2 ti3 cao1
floor (gymnastics)

自由王国 自由王國 zi4 you2 wang2 guo2
realm of freedom (philosophy)

自由刑 自由刑 zi4 you2 xing2
(law) deprivation of freedom

自由行 自由行 zi4 you2 xing2
travel organized by oneself rather than in a tour group

自由选择权 自由選擇權 zi4 you2 xuan3 ze2 quan2
free agency

自由亚洲电台 自由亞洲電台 zi4 you2 ya4 zhou1 dian4 tai2
Radio Free Asia

自由意志 自由意志 zi4 you2 yi4 zhi4
free will

自由意志主义 自由意志主義 zi4 you2 yi4 zhi4 zhu3 yi4
libertarianism

自由泳 自由泳 zi4 you2 yong3
freestyle swimming

自由职业 自由職業 zi4 you2 zhi2 ye4
self-employed; profession

自由中国 自由中國 zi4 you2 zhong1 guo2
Free China; refers to Taiwan 臺灣|台湾

自由主义 自由主義 zi4 you2 zhu3 yi4
liberalism

自由自在 自由自在 zi4 you2 zi4 zai4
free and easy (idiom); carefree; leisurely

自繇自在 自繇自在 zi4 you2 zi4 zai5
free and easy (idiom); carefree; leisurely

自有 自有 zi4 you3
to possess; to own; to have

自有品牌 自有品牌 zi4 you3 pin3 pai2
private brand

自幼 自幼 zi4 you4
since childhood

自娱 自娛 zi4 yu2
to amuse oneself

自喻 自喻 zi4 yu4
to refer to oneself as

自圆其说 自圓其說 zi4 yuan2 qi2 shuo1
to make a story or theory consistent; to give a plausible explanation; to plug the holes in one's story

自愿 自願 zi4 yuan4
voluntary

自愿性 自願性 zi4 yuan4 xing4
voluntary

自愿者 自願者 zi4 yuan4 zhe3
volunteer

自怨自艾 自怨自艾 zi4 yuan4 zi4 yi4
to be full of remorse; to repent and redress one's errors

自在 自在 zi4 zai5
free; unrestrained; comfortable; at ease

自责 自責 zi4 ze2
to blame oneself

自找 自找 zi4 zhao3
to suffer as a consequence of one's own actions; you asked for it; to bring it on oneself (sth unpleasant)

自找苦吃 自找苦吃 zi4 zhao3 ku3 chi1
to bring trouble on oneself

自找麻烦 自找麻煩 zi4 zhao3 ma2 fan5
to ask for trouble; to invite difficulties

自知理亏 自知理虧 zi4 zhi1 li3 kui1
to know that one is in the wrong (idiom)

自知之明 自知之明 zi4 zhi1 zhi1 ming2
knowing oneself (idiom); self-knowledge

自治 自治 zi4 zhi4
autonomy

自制 自制 zi4 zhi4
to maintain self-control; self-control

自制 自製 zi4 zhi4
self-made; improvised; homemade; handmade

自制力 自制力 zi4 zhi4 li4
self-control

自治旗 自治旗 zi4 zhi4 qi2
autonomous county (in Inner Mongolia); autonomous banner

自治区 自治區 zi4 zhi4 qu1
autonomous region, namely: Inner Mongolia 內蒙古自治區|内蒙古自治区, Guangxi 廣西壯族自治區|广西壮族自治区, Tibet 西藏自治區|西藏自治区, Ningxia 寧夏回族自治區|宁夏回族自治区, Xinjiang 新疆維吾爾自治區|新疆维吾尔自治区

自治权 自治權 zi4 zhi4 quan2
rights of autonomy; autonomy; see 自治

自治市 自治市 zi4 zhi4 shi4
municipality; autonomous city; also called directly administered city 直轄市|直辖市

自治县 自治縣 zi4 zhi4 xian4
autonomous county

自制炸弹 自製炸彈 zi4 zhi4 zha4 dan4
improvised explosive device IED

自治州 自治州 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
autonomous prefecture

自重 自重 zi4 zhong4
to conduct oneself with dignity; to be dignified; deadweight

自主 自主 zi4 zhu3
independent; to act for oneself; autonomous

自主权 自主權 zi4 zhu3 quan2
ability to make one's own decisions

自主神经系统 自主神經系統 zi4 zhu3 shen2 jing1 xi4 tong3
autonomic nervous system

自主系统 自主系統 zi4 zhu3 xi4 tong3
autonomous system

自助 自助 zi4 zhu4
self-service

自助餐 自助餐 zi4 zhu4 can1
buffet; self-service meal

自助洗衣店 自助洗衣店 zi4 zhu4 xi3 yi1 dian4
laundromat; launderette

自专 自專 zi4 zhuan1
to act arbitrarily; to act for oneself

自转 自轉 zi4 zhuan4
rotation

自传 自傳 zi4 zhuan4
autobiography

自转轴 自轉軸 zi4 zhuan4 zhou2
axis of rotation

自装 自裝 zi4 zhuang1
self-loading (weapon, tape deck etc); self-charging

自酌 自酌 zi4 zhuo2
to enjoy a cup of wine by oneself

自足 自足 zi4 zu2
self-sufficient; satisfied with oneself

自罪 自罪 zi4 zui4
actual sin (Christian notion, as opposed to original sin 原罪); conscious sin

自尊 自尊 zi4 zun1
self-respect; self-esteem; ego; pride

自尊心 自尊心 zi4 zun1 xin1
self-respect; self-esteem; ego

自作聪明 自作聰明 zi4 zuo4 cong1 ming2
to think oneself clever (idiom)

自作多情 自作多情 zi4 zuo4 duo1 qing2
to imagine that one's love is reciprocated; to shower affection on an uninterested party

自作主张 自作主張 zi4 zuo4 zhu3 zhang1
to think for oneself and act accordingly (idiom); to act on one's own initiative

自作自受 自作自受 zi4 zuo4 zi4 shou4
to reap what one has sown (idiom); to stew in one's own juice

走自己的路,让人家去说 走自己的路,讓人家去說 zou3 zi4 ji3 de5 lu4 - rang4 ren2 jia1 qu4 shuo1
Go your own way, let others say what they like. (popular modern cliche); Do it my way.

作茧自缚 作繭自縛 zuo4 jian3 zi4 fu4
to spin a cocoon around oneself (idiom); enmeshed in a trap of one's own devising; hoist by his own petard

做自己 做自己 zuo4 zi4 ji3
to be oneself