see 傢伙|家伙

surname Jia

home; family; (polite) my (sister, uncle etc); classifier for families or businesses; refers to the philosophical schools of pre-Han China; noun suffix for a specialist in some activity, such as a musician or revolutionary, corresponding to English -ist,

strokes 10
strokes after radical 7
阿家 阿家 a1 gu1
husband's mother

阿拉伯国家联盟 阿拉伯國家聯盟 a1 la1 bo2 guo2 jia1 lian2 meng2
Arab League, regional organization of Arab states in Southwest Asia, and North and Northeast Africa, officially called the League of Arab States

阿灵顿国家公墓 阿靈頓國家公墓 a1 ling2 dun4 guo2 jia1 gong1 mu4
Arlington National Cemetery in Washington DC, USA

挨户挨家 挨戶挨家 ai1 hu4 ai1 jia1
see 挨家挨戶|挨家挨户

挨家 挨家 ai1 jia1
from house to house, one by one

哀家 哀家 ai1 jia1
I, me (self-referring by a widowed empress etc, used in historical novels and operas)

挨家挨户 挨家挨戶 ai1 jia1 ai1 hu4
to go from house to house

爱国如家 愛國如家 ai4 guo2 ru2 jia1
to love one's country as one's own family (praise for a virtuous ruler)

安家 安家 an1 jia1
to settle down; to set up a home

安家立业 安家立業 an1 jia1 li4 ye4
stable household, established profession (idiom); settled and comfortably off

安家落户 安家落戶 an1 jia1 luo4 hu4
to make one's home in a place; to settle

罢黜百家,独尊儒术 罷黜百家,獨尊儒術 ba4 chu4 bai3 jia1 - du2 zun1 ru2 shu4
Dismiss the hundred schools, revere only the Confucian (idiom); sole dominant ideology

白手起家 白手起家 bai2 shou3 qi3 jia1
to build up from nothing; to start from scratch

百花齐放,百家争鸣 百花齊放,百家爭鳴 bai3 hua1 qi2 fang4 - bai3 jia1 zheng1 ming2
a hundred flowers bloom, a hundred schools of thought contend (idiom); refers to the classical philosophic schools of the Warring States period 475-221 BC, but adopted for Mao's campaign of 1956

百家 百家 bai3 jia1
many schools of thought; many people or households

百家乐 百家樂 bai3 jia1 le4
Baccarat (loanword)

百家姓 百家姓 bai3 jia1 xing4
The Book of Family Names, anonymous Song dynasty reading primer listing 438 surnames

百家争鸣 百家爭鳴 bai3 jia1 zheng1 ming2
a hundred schools of thought contend (idiom); refers to the classical philosophic schools of the Warring States period 475-221 BC

败家子 敗家子 bai4 jia1 zi3
spendthrift; wastrel; prodigal

搬家 搬家 ban1 jia1
to move house; removal

扮家家酒 扮家家酒 ban4 jia1 jia1 jiu3
to play house (Tw)

半路出家 半路出家 ban4 lu4 chu1 jia1
switch to a job one was not trained for

傍家儿 傍家兒 bang4 jia1 er5
lover; partner

保家卫国 保家衛國 bao3 jia1 wei4 guo2
guard home, defend the country (idiom); national defense

北京国家体育场 北京國家體育場 bei3 jing1 guo2 jia1 ti3 yu4 chang3
Beijing National Stadium

北京国家游泳中心 北京國家游泳中心 bei3 jing1 guo2 jia1 you2 yong3 zhong1 xin1
Beijing National Aquatics Center, swimming venue of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games

本家 本家 ben3 jia1
a member of the same clan; a distant relative with the same family name

编辑家 編輯家 bian1 ji2 jia1
editor; compiler

编译家 編譯家 bian1 yi4 jia1
translator and editor

兵家 兵家 bing1 jia1
the School of the Military, one of the Hundred Schools of Thought 諸子百家|诸子百家 of the Warring States Period (475-220 BC)

兵家 兵家 bing1 jia1
military strategist in ancient China; military commander; soldier

兵家常事 兵家常事 bing1 jia1 chang2 shi4
commonplace in military operations (idiom)

病毒学家 病毒學家 bing4 du2 xue2 jia1
virologist (person who studies viruses)

病家 病家 bing4 jia1
a patient and his family

病理学家 病理學家 bing4 li3 xue2 jia1

布鲁克海文国家实验室 布魯克海文國家實驗室 bu4 lu3 ke4 hai3 wen2 guo2 jia1 shi2 yan4 shi4
Brookhaven National Laboratory

不是一家人不进一家门 不是一家人不進一家門 bu4 shi4 yi1 jia1 ren2 bu4 jin4 yi1 jia1 men2
people who don't belong together, don't get to live together (idiom); marriages are predestined; people marry because they share common traits

不是冤家不聚头 不是冤家不聚頭 bu4 shi4 yuan1 jia1 bu4 ju4 tou2
destiny will make enemies meet (idiom); (often said about lovers who have a disagreement)

娼家 娼家 chang1 jia1

长阳土家族自治县 長陽土家族自治縣 chang2 yang2 tu3 jia1 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Changyang Tujiazu Autonomous County in Hubei

厂家 廠家 chang3 jia1
factory; factory owners

抄家 抄家 chao1 jia1
to search a house and confiscate possessions

炒家 炒家 chao3 jia1

扯家常 扯家常 che3 jia1 chang2
to engage in small talk; to chit chat

成家 成家 cheng2 jia1
to settle down and get married (of a man); to become a recognized expert

成家立室 成家立室 cheng2 jia1 li4 shi4
to get married (idiom)

成家立业 成家立業 cheng2 jia1 li4 ye4
to get married and start a career (idiom); to settle down; to establish oneself

吃人家的嘴软,拿人家的手短 吃人家的嘴軟,拿人家的手短 chi1 ren2 jia1 de5 zui3 ruan3 - na2 ren2 jia1 de5 shou3 duan3
lit. the mouth that has been fed by others is soft, the hand that has received doesn't reach (idiom); fig. one is partial to those from whom presents have been accepted

持家 持家 chi2 jia1
to housekeep; housekeeping

丑妻近地家中宝 醜妻近地家中寶 chou3 qi1 jin4 di4 jia1 zhong1 bao3
an ugly wife is a treasure at home (idiom)

出家 出家 chu1 jia1
to leave home (to become a Buddhist monk or nun)

出家人 出家人 chu1 jia1 ren2
monk; nun (Buddhist or Daoist)

船家 船家 chuan2 jia1
person who lives and makes a living on a boat; boatman; boat dweller

传家 傳家 chuan2 jia1
to pass on through the generations

传家宝 傳家寶 chuan2 jia1 bao3
family heirloom

慈善家 慈善家 ci2 shan4 jia1
philanthropist; humanitarian; charity donor

打家劫舍 打家劫舍 da3 jia1 jie2 she4
to break into a house for robbery (idiom)

大方之家 大方之家 da4 fang1 zhi1 jia1
learned person; expert in a certain field; abbr. to 方家

大国家党 大國家黨 da4 guo2 jia1 dang3
South Korean Grand national party

大家 大家 da4 jia1
everyone; influential family; great expert

大家闺秀 大家閨秀 da4 jia1 gui1 xiu4
girl from a wealthy family; unmarried daughter of a noble house

大投资家 大投資家 da4 tou2 zi1 jia1
big investor

单亲家庭 單親家庭 dan1 qin1 jia1 ting2
single parent family

蜑家 蜑家 dan4 jia1
Tanka, boat-dwelling people of Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Hainan, and Zhejiang provinces

当代新儒家 當代新儒家 dang1 dai4 xin1 ru2 jia1
Contemporary New Confucianism; see 新儒家

当家 當家 dang1 jia1
to manage the household; to be the one in charge of the family; to call the shots; to be in charge

当家作主 當家作主 dang1 jia1 zuo4 zhu3
to be in charge in one's own house (idiom); to be the master of one's own affairs

道德家 道德家 dao4 de2 jia1

道家 道家 dao4 jia1
Daoist School of the Warring States Period (475-221 BC), based on the teachings of Laozi or Lao-tze 老子 (c. 500 BC-) and Zhuangzi 庄子 (369-286 BC)

到家 到家 dao4 jia1
perfect; excellent; brought to the utmost degree

登山家 登山家 deng1 shan1 jia1

地理学家 地理學家 di4 li3 xue2 jia1

地震学家 地震學家 di4 zhen4 xue2 jia1
seismologist; earthquake scientist

地质学家 地質學家 di4 zhi4 xue2 jia1

地主家庭 地主家庭 di4 zhu3 jia1 ting2
land-owning household

颠覆国家罪 顛覆國家罪 dian1 fu4 guo2 jia1 zui4
crime of incitement to overthrow the state; abbr. for 煽動顛覆國家政權|煽动颠覆国家政权

店家 店家 dian4 jia1
proprietor of a shop or restaurant; landlord; shop

雕刻家 雕刻家 diao1 ke4 jia1

丁宠家庭 丁寵家庭 ding1 chong3 jia1 ting2
double income family who have pets rather than children (see also 丁克)

丢到家 丟到家 diu1 dao4 jia1
to lose (face) utterly

东家 東家 dong1 jia1
master (i.e. employer); landlord; boss

东家长西家短 東家長西家短 dong1 jia1 chang2 xi1 jia1 duan3
to gossip (idiom)

东南亚国家联盟 東南亞國家聯盟 dong1 nan2 ya4 guo2 jia1 lian2 meng2
ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations)

独家 獨家 du2 jia1

独立国家联合体 獨立國家聯合體 du2 li4 guo2 jia1 lian2 he2 ti3
Commonwealth of Independent States (former Soviet Union)

对家 對家 dui4 jia1
partner (in four person game); family of proposed marriage partner

多民族国家 多民族國家 duo1 min2 zu2 guo2 jia1
multi-ethnic state

恩施土家族苗族自治州 恩施土家族苗族自治州 en1 shi1 tu3 jia1 zu2 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Enshi Tujia and Miao autonomous prefecture in Hubei

儿不嫌母丑,狗不嫌家贫 兒不嫌母醜,狗不嫌家貧 er2 bu4 xian2 mu3 chou3 - gou3 bu4 xian2 jia1 pin2
a son won't abandon his mother for being ugly, just as a dog won't abandon its owner for being poor (proverb)

二奶专家 二奶專家 er4 nai3 zhuan1 jia1
"mercenary expert", a person who is supposedly an independent expert, but receives payment for making comments favorable to a particular entity

发达国家 發達國家 fa1 da2 guo2 jia1
developed nation

发家 發家 fa1 jia1
to lay down a family fortune; to get rich; to become prosperous

发明家 發明家 fa1 ming2 jia1

发展中国家 發展中國家 fa1 zhan3 zhong1 guo2 jia1
developing country

法家 法家 fa3 jia1
Legalist School of the Warring States Period (475-221 BC) founded by Han Fei 韓非|韩非 and Li Si 李斯, later adopted by Shang Yang 商鞅 whose reforms helped establish the supremacy of the Qin Dynasty 秦代 (221-207 BC)

法学家 法學家 fa3 xue2 jia1
jurist; member of the pre-Han legalist school

翻译家 翻譯家 fan1 yi4 jia1
translator (of writings)

返家 返家 fan3 jia1
to return home

方家 方家 fang1 jia1
learned person; expert in a certain field; abbr. for 大方之家

非核国家 非核國家 fei1 he2 guo2 jia1
non-nuclear country

非核武器国家 非核武器國家 fei1 he2 wu3 qi4 guo2 jia1
non-nuclear weapon states (NNWS)

分家 分家 fen1 jia1
to separate and live apart; division of a large family into smaller groups

分析家 分析家 fen1 xi1 jia1
(political) analyst

佛家 佛家 fo2 jia1
Buddhism; Buddhist

浮家泛宅 浮家泛宅 fu2 jia1 fan4 zhai2
lit. to live on a boat; to drift from place to place (idiom)

妇道人家 婦道人家 fu4 dao5 ren2 jia5
woman (derog.)

改革家 改革家 gai3 ge2 jia1

钢琴家 鋼琴家 gang1 qin2 jia1

歌唱家 歌唱家 ge1 chang4 jia1

革命家 革命家 ge2 ming4 jia1
a revolutionary

各人自扫门前雪,莫管他家瓦上霜 各人自掃門前雪,莫管他家瓦上霜 ge4 ren2 zi4 sao3 men2 qian2 xue3 - mo4 guan3 ta1 jia1 wa3 shang4 shuang1
sweep the snow from your own door step, don't worry about the frost on your neighbor's roof (idiom)

公家 公家 gong1 jia1
the public; the state; society; the public purse

公家机关 公家機關 gong1 jia1 ji1 guan1
civil service

工业化国家 工業化國家 gong1 ye4 hua4 guo2 jia1
industrialized country

孤家寡人 孤家寡人 gu1 jia1 gua3 ren2
one who is cut off from others (idiom); one who has chosen to follow a solitary path; (can also be an indirect way of referring to an unmarried person)

古生物学家 古生物學家 gu3 sheng1 wu4 xue2 jia1
palaeontologist; paleobiologist

故家 故家 gu4 jia1
old and respected family; family whose members have been officials from generation to generation

故家子弟 故家子弟 gu4 jia1 zi3 di4
descended from an old family

观察家 觀察家 guan1 cha2 jia1
observer; The Observer (UK newspaper)

官宦人家 官宦人家 guan1 huan4 ren2 jia1
family of a functionary (i.e. educated middle class in Qing times)

官家 官家 guan1 jia1
emperor; government; official

管家 管家 guan3 jia1
housekeeper; butler; manage one's household

管家婆 管家婆 guan3 jia1 po2
housewife (jocularly); female housekeeper of a higher rank (old); busybody

管家职务 管家職務 guan3 jia1 zhi2 wu4

惯家 慣家 guan4 jia5
(usually derog.) an old hand at sth

诡辩家 詭辯家 gui3 bian4 jia1
sophist; one who relies on specious arguments

国家 國家 guo2 jia1
country; nation; state

国家安全 國家安全 guo2 jia1 an1 quan2
national security

国家安全部 國家安全部 guo2 jia1 an1 quan2 bu4
PRC Ministry of State Security

国家安全局 國家安全局 guo2 jia1 an1 quan2 ju2
National Security Bureau (NSB) (Tw); National Security Agency (NSA) (USA)

国家标准化管理委员会 國家標準化管理委員會 guo2 jia1 biao1 zhun3 hua4 guan3 li3 wei3 yuan2 hui4
Standardization Administration of PRC (SAC)

国家标准码 國家標準碼 guo2 jia1 biao1 zhun3 ma3
Guo Biao or GB, the standard PRC encoding, abbr. 國標碼|国标码

国家标准中文交换码 國家標準中文交換碼 guo2 jia1 biao1 zhun3 zhong1 wen2 jiao1 huan4 ma3
CNS 11643, Chinese character coding adopted in Taiwan, 1986-1992

国家代码 國家代碼 guo2 jia1 dai4 ma3
country code

国家地震局 國家地震局 guo2 jia1 di4 zhen4 ju2
China earthquake administration (CEA); State seismological bureau

国家电力监管委员会 國家電力監管委員會 guo2 jia1 dian4 li4 jian1 guan3 wei3 yuan2 hui4
State Electricity Regulatory Commission (PRC)

国家电网公司 國家電網公司 guo2 jia1 dian4 wang3 gong1 si1
State Grid Corporation of China

国家队 國家隊 guo2 jia1 dui4
the national team

国家发展改革委 國家發展改革委 guo2 jia1 fa1 zhan3 gai3 ge2 wei3
PRC National Development and Reform Commission

国家发展和改革委员会 國家發展和改革委員會 guo2 jia1 fa1 zhan3 he2 gai3 ge2 wei3 yuan2 hui4
PRC National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), formed in 2003

国家发展计划委员会 國家發展計劃委員會 guo2 jia1 fa1 zhan3 ji4 hua4 wei3 yuan2 hui4
PRC State Development and Planning Committee, set up 1998 to replace State Planning Committee 國家計劃委員會|国家计划委员会, replaced in 2003 by National Development and Reform Commission 國家發展和改革委員會|国家发展和改革委员会

国家公园 國家公園 guo2 jia1 gong1 yuan2
national park

国家海洋局 國家海洋局 guo2 jia1 hai3 yang2 ju2
State Oceanic Administration (PRC)

国家汉办 國家漢辦 guo2 jia1 han4 ban4
Office of Chinese Language Council International (known colloquially as "Hanban"), an organ of the PRC government which develops Chinese language and culture teaching resources worldwide, and has established Confucius Institutes 孔子學院|孔子学院 internationally;

国家航空公司 國家航空公司 guo2 jia1 hang2 kong1 gong1 si1
flag carrier

国家航天局 國家航天局 guo2 jia1 hang2 tian1 ju2
China National Space Administration (CNSA)

国家互联网信息办公室 國家互聯網信息辦公室 guo2 jia1 hu4 lian2 wang3 xin4 xi1 ban4 gong1 shi4
Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC)

国家环保总局 國家環保總局 guo2 jia1 huan2 bao3 zong3 ju2
(PRC) State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA), former incarnation (until 2008) of 環境保護部|环境保护部

国家火山公园 國家火山公園 guo2 jia1 huo3 shan1 gong1 yuan2
Volcanoes National Park, Hawaii

国家级 國家級 guo2 jia1 ji2
(administrative) national-level

国家计划委员会 國家計劃委員會 guo2 jia1 ji4 hua4 wei3 yuan2 hui4
PRC State Planning Committee, set up in 1952, replaced in 1998 by State Development and Planning Committee 國家發展計劃委員會|国家发展计划委员会 then in 2003 by National Development and Reform Commission 國家發展和改革委員會|国家发展和改革委员会

国家计委 國家計委 guo2 jia1 ji4 wei3
PRC State Planning Committee, abbr. for 國家計劃委員會|国家计划委员会

国家经济贸易委员会 國家經濟貿易委員會 guo2 jia1 jing1 ji4 mao4 yi4 wei3 yuan2 hui4
State Economic and Trade Commission (SETC)

国家军品贸易管理委员会 國家軍品貿易管理委員會 guo2 jia1 jun1 pin3 mao4 yi4 guan3 li3 wei3 yuan2 hui4
State Administration Committee on Military Products Trade (SACMPT)

国家军品贸易局 國家軍品貿易局 guo2 jia1 jun1 pin3 mao4 yi4 ju2
State Bureau of Military Products Trade (SBMPT)

国家开发银行 國家開發銀行 guo2 jia1 kai1 fa1 yin2 hang2
China Development Bank

国家留学基金管理委员会 國家留學基金管理委員會 guo2 jia1 liu2 xue2 ji1 jin1 guan3 li3 wei3 yuan2 hui4
China Scholarship Council (CSC)

国家旅游度假区 國家旅遊度假區 guo2 jia1 lv3 you2 du4 jia4 qu1
National Resort District (PRC)

国家社会主义 國家社會主義 guo2 jia1 she4 hui4 zhu3 yi4
national socialism; Nazism

国家食品药品监督管理局 國家食品藥品監督管理局 guo2 jia1 shi2 pin3 yao4 pin3 jian1 du1 guan3 li3 ju2
State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA)

国家体委 國家體委 guo2 jia1 ti3 wei3
PRC sports and physical culture commission

国家统计局 國家統計局 guo2 jia1 tong3 ji4 ju2
(China) National Bureau of Statistics (NBS)

国家图书馆 國家圖書館 guo2 jia1 tu2 shu1 guan3
national library

国家外汇管理局 國家外匯管理局 guo2 jia1 wai4 hui4 guan3 li3 ju2
State Administration of Foreign Exchange (SAFE)

国家文物鉴定委员会 國家文物鑒定委員會 guo2 jia1 wen2 wu4 jian4 ding4 wei3 yuan2 hui4
National Commission for the Identification of Cultural Heritage

国家文物局 國家文物局 guo2 jia1 wen2 wu4 ju2
PRC State Administration of Cultural Heritage (SACH)

国家文物委员会 國家文物委員會 guo2 jia1 wen2 wu4 wei3 yuan2 hui4
National Committee of Cultural Heritage

国家广播电影电视总局 國家廣播電影電視總局 guo2 jia1 xin1 wen2 chu1 ban3 guang3 dian4 zong3 ju2
State Administration for Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television (SAPPRFT); abbr. to 廣電總局|广电总局

国家兴亡,匹夫有责 國家興亡,匹夫有責 guo2 jia1 xing1 wang2 - pi3 fu1 you3 ze2
The rise and fall of the nation concerns everyone (idiom). Everyone bears responsibility for the prosperity of society.

国家一级保护 國家一級保護 guo2 jia1 yi1 ji2 bao3 hu4
Grade One State protected (species)

国家元首 國家元首 guo2 jia1 yuan2 shou3
head of state

国家政策 國家政策 guo2 jia1 zheng4 ce4
state policy

国家质量监督检验检疫总局 國家質量監督檢驗檢疫總局 guo2 jia1 zhi4 liang4 jian1 du1 jian3 yan4 jian3 yi4 zong3 ju2
AQSIQ; PRC State Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine

国家重点实验室 國家重點實驗室 guo2 jia1 zhong4 dian3 shi2 yan4 shi4
State Key Laboratories (university laboratories in PRC supported by the central government)

国家重点学科 國家重點學科 guo2 jia1 zhong4 dian3 xue2 ke1
National Key Disciplines (disciplines recognized as important and supported by PRC central government, including medicine, science, chemistry, engineering, commerce and law)

国家主义 國家主義 guo2 jia1 zhu3 yi4

国破家亡 國破家亡 guo2 po4 jia1 wang2
the country ruined and the people starving (idiom)

过家家 過家家 guo4 jia1 jia1
to play house

海湾国家 海灣國家 hai3 wan1 guo2 jia1
Nations of the Persian Gulf; Gulf states

汉学家 漢學家 han4 xue2 jia1
sinologist; scholar of Chinese

航海家 航海家 hang2 hai3 jia1
mariner; seafarer

行家 行家 hang2 jia1
connoisseur; expert; veteran

行家里手 行家裡手 hang2 jia1 li3 shou3
connoisseur; expert

好家伙 好家伙 hao3 jia1 huo5
my God!; oh boy!; man!

核国家 核國家 he2 guo2 jia1
nuclear nations

合家 合家 he2 jia1
whole family; entire household

阖家 闔家 he2 jia1
variant of 合家

合家欢 合家歡 he2 jia1 huan1
group photo of whole family

荷兰皇家航空 荷蘭皇家航空 he2 lan2 huang2 jia1 hang2 kong1
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines

黑道家族 黑道家族 hei1 dao4 jia1 zu2
The Sopranos (US TV series)

洪家 洪家 hong2 jia1
the Hong family (household); Hung Gar Kung Fu - Martial Art

华润万家 華潤萬家 hua2 run4 wan4 jia1
CR Vanguard or China Resources Vanguard Shop, a supermarket chain in Hong Kong and Mainland China

画家 畫家 hua4 jia1

化学家 化學家 hua4 xue2 jia1

坏家伙 壞家伙 huai4 jia1 huo3
bad guy; scoundrel; dirty bastard

欢喜冤家 歡喜冤家 huan1 xi3 yuan1 jia5
quarrelsome but loving couple

皇家 皇家 huang2 jia1
royal; imperial household

皇家海军 皇家海軍 huang2 jia1 hai3 jun1
Royal Navy (UK)

皇家加勒比海游轮公司 皇家加勒比海遊輪公司 huang2 jia1 jia1 le4 bi3 hai3 you2 lun2 gong1 si1
Royal Caribbean Cruise Lines

皇家马德里 皇家馬德里 huang2 jia1 ma3 de2 li3
Real Madrid (soccer team)

皇家骑警 皇家騎警 huang2 jia1 qi2 jing3
Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), Canadian federal and national police force; Mounties

皇家香港警察 皇家香港警察 huang2 jia1 xiang1 gang3 jing3 cha2
Royal Hong Kong Police Force (1969-1997)

皇家学会 皇家學會 huang2 jia1 xue2 hui4
the Royal Society (UK scientific academy)

回家 回家 hui2 jia1
to return home

回家吃自己 回家吃自己 hui2 jia1 chi1 zi4 ji3
(coll.) (Tw) to get sacked; to be fired

回老家 回老家 hui2 lao3 jia1
to go back to one's roots; to return to one's native place; by ext. to join one's ancestors (i.e. to die)

回娘家 回娘家 hui2 niang2 jia1
(of a wife) to return to her parental home; (fig.) to return to one's old place, job, school etc

毁家纾难 毀家紓難 hui3 jia1 shu1 nan4
to sacrifice one's wealth to save the state (idiom)

浑家 渾家 hun2 jia1

活动家 活動家 huo2 dong4 jia1
political activist

货比三家 貨比三家 huo4 bi3 san1 jia1
to comparison shop (idiom); comparison shopping

货比三家不吃亏 貨比三家不吃虧 huo4 bi3 san1 jia1 bu4 chi1 kui1
shop around first and you won't get ripped off (idiom)

货问三家不吃亏 貨問三家不吃虧 huo4 wen4 san1 jia1 bu4 chi1 kui1
see 貨比三家不吃虧|货比三家不吃亏

吉野家 吉野家 ji2 ye3 jia1
Yoshinoya (Japanese fast food chain)

计算机科学家 計算機科學家 ji4 suan4 ji1 ke1 xue2 jia1
computer scientist

家八哥 家八哥 jia1 ba1 ge1
(bird species of China) common myna (Acridotheres tristis)

家暴 家暴 jia1 bao4
domestic violence; abbr. for 家庭暴力

家蚕 家蠶 jia1 can2
the common silkworm (Bombyx mori)

家产 家產 jia1 chan3
family property

家常 家常 jia1 chang2
the daily life of a family

家常便饭 家常便飯 jia1 chang2 bian4 fan4
simple home-style meal; common occurrence; nothing out of the ordinary

家常菜 家常菜 jia1 chang2 cai4
home cooking

家常豆腐 家常豆腐 jia1 chang2 dou4 fu5
home-style tofu

家臣 家臣 jia1 chen2
counselor of king or feudal warlord; henchman

家丑 家醜 jia1 chou3
family scandal; skeleton in the closet

家丑不可外传 家醜不可外傳 jia1 chou3 bu4 ke3 wai4 chuan2
lit. family shames must not be spread abroad (idiom); fig. don't wash your dirty linen in public

家丑不可外传,流言切莫轻信 家醜不可外傳,流言切莫輕信 jia1 chou3 bu4 ke3 wai4 chuan2 - liu2 yan2 qie4 mo4 qing1 xin4
Don't spread abroad the shame of the family, don't believe rumors lightly. (idiom); Don't wash your dirty linen in public, don't listen to others' gossip.

家丑不可外扬 家醜不可外揚 jia1 chou3 bu4 ke3 wai4 yang2
lit. family shames must not be spread abroad (idiom); fig. don't wash your dirty linen in public

家畜 家畜 jia1 chu4
domestic animal; livestock; cattle

家传 家傳 jia1 chuan2
handed down in a family; family traditions

家慈 家慈 jia1 ci2
(polite) my mother

家当 家當 jia1 dang4
familial property; belongings

家道 家道 jia1 dao4
family financial circumstances

家道中落 家道中落 jia1 dao4 zhong1 luo4
to come down in the world (idiom); to suffer a reversal of fortune

家的 家的 jia1 de5
(old) wife

家底 家底 jia1 di3
family property; patrimony

家弟 家弟 jia1 di4
(polite) my younger brother

家电 家電 jia1 dian4
household electric appliance; abbr. for 家用電器|家用电器

家丁 家丁 jia1 ding1
(old) servant hired to keep guard, run errands etc

家儿 家兒 jia1 er2
(old) child, particularly referring to the son who resembles his father

家妇 家婦 jia1 fu4
wife (old)

家父 家父 jia1 fu4
(polite) my father

家公 家公 jia1 gong1
head of a family; (polite) my father; (polite) my grandfather; your esteemed father

家姑 家姑 jia1 gu1
(polite) father's sisters

家和万事兴 家和萬事興 jia1 he2 wan4 shi4 xing1
if the family lives in harmony all affairs will prosper (idiom)

家伙 家伙 jia1 huo5
household dish, implement or furniture; domestic animal; (coll.) guy; chap; weapon

家伙 傢伙 jia1 huo5
variant of 家伙

家姬 家姬 jia1 ji1
(old) female servants or concubines in homes of the rich

家给人足 家給人足 jia1 ji3 ren2 zu2
lit. each household provided for, enough for the individual (idiom); comfortably off

家计 家計 jia1 ji4
family livelihood; a household's economic situation; family property

家家户户 家家戶戶 jia1 jia1 hu4 hu4
each and every family (idiom); every household

家家酒 家家酒 jia1 jia1 jiu3
to play house (Tw)

家家有本难念的经 家家有本難念的經 jia1 jia1 you3 ben3 nan2 nian4 de5 jing1
Every family goes through its problems. (idiom)

家教 家教 jia1 jiao4
family education; upbringing; to bring sb up; private tutor

家轿 家轎 jia1 jiao4
privately-owned car

家姐 家姐 jia1 jie3
(polite) my older sister

家景 家景 jia1 jing3
the state of family finance

家境 家境 jia1 jing4
family financial situation; family circumstances

家舅 家舅 jia1 jiu4
(polite) my maternal uncle

家居 家居 jia1 ju1
home; residence; to stay at home (unemployed)

家居卖场 家居賣場 jia1 ju1 mai4 chang3
furniture store; furniture mall

家具 家具 jia1 ju4

家俱 家俱 jia1 ju4
variant of 家具

家俱 傢俱 jia1 ju4
variant of 家具

家眷 家眷 jia1 juan4
one's wife and children

家老 家老 jia1 lao3
(old) a senior in one's household

加勒比国家联盟 加勒比國家聯盟 jia1 le4 bi3 guo2 jia1 lian2 meng2
Association of Caribbean States

家乐福 家樂福 jia1 le4 fu2
Carrefour, French supermarket chain

家乐氏 家樂氏 jia1 le4 shi4
Kellogg's (US food manufacturing company)

家累千金,坐不垂堂 家累千金,坐不垂堂 jia1 lei3 qian1 jin1 - zuo4 bu4 chui2 tang2
rich person does not sit under the eaves (idiom); prudent not to place oneself in danger

家里 家裡 jia1 li3

家麻雀 家麻雀 jia1 ma2 que4
(bird species of China) house sparrow (Passer domesticus)

家门 家門 jia1 men2
house door; family clan

家母 家母 jia1 mu3
(polite) my mother

加拿大皇家 加拿大皇家 jia1 na2 da4 huang2 jia1
HMCS (Her Majesty's Canadian Ship); prefix for Canadian Navy Vessels

加拿大皇家海军 加拿大皇家海軍 jia1 na2 da4 huang2 jia1 hai3 jun1
Royal Canadian Navy RCN

家娘 家娘 jia1 niang2
(dialect) husband's mother

家奴 家奴 jia1 nu2
domestic slave; slave servant

家培 家培 jia1 pei2
cultivated; home grown

家贫如洗 家貧如洗 jia1 pin2 ru2 xi3
extreme poverty (idiom); destitute; penniless; poor as church mice

家婆 家婆 jia1 po2
(dialect) mother-in-law; (house)wife

家破人亡 家破人亡 jia1 po4 ren2 wang2
family bankrupt and the people dead (idiom); ruined and orphaned; destitute and homeless

家谱 家譜 jia1 pu3
genealogy; family tree

家雀儿 家雀兒 jia1 qiao3 er5
(coll.) sparrow

家亲 家親 jia1 qin1
older generation in one's household (often referring to one's parents); one's deceased close relatives

家禽 家禽 jia1 qin2
poultry; domestic fowl

家人 家人 jia1 ren2
household; (one's) family

家嫂 家嫂 jia1 sao3
(polite) my sister-in-law

夹山国家森林公园 夾山國家森林公園 jia1 shan1 guo2 jia1 sen1 lin2 gong1 yuan2
Jiashan National Forest Park in Shimen 石門|石门, Changde 常德, Hunan

家室 家室 jia1 shi4
wife; family; (literary) residence

家世 家世 jia1 shi4
family background

家事 家事 jia1 shi4
family matters; domestic affairs; housework

家世寒微 家世寒微 jia1 shi4 han2 wei1
to be of humble origin (idiom)

家什 家什 jia1 shi5
utensils; furniture

家叔 家叔 jia1 shu1
(polite) my uncle (father's younger brother)

家属 家屬 jia1 shu3
family member; (family) dependent

家私 家私 jia1 si1
family property; family wealth

家庭 家庭 jia1 ting2
family; household

家庭暴力 家庭暴力 jia1 ting2 bao4 li4
domestic violence

家庭成员 家庭成員 jia1 ting2 cheng2 yuan2
family member

家庭地址 家庭地址 jia1 ting2 di4 zhi3
home address

家庭教师 家庭教師 jia1 ting2 jiao4 shi1

家庭煮夫 家庭煮夫 jia1 ting2 zhu3 fu1

家庭主夫 家庭主夫 jia1 ting2 zhu3 fu1

家庭主妇 家庭主婦 jia1 ting2 zhu3 fu4

家庭作业 家庭作業 jia1 ting2 zuo4 ye4

家僮 家僮 jia1 tong2

家童 家童 jia1 tong2

家徒四壁 家徒四壁 jia1 tu2 si4 bi4
lit. with only four bare walls for a home (idiom); fig. very poor; wretched

家务 家務 jia1 wu4
household duties; housework

家乡 家鄉 jia1 xiang1
hometown; native place

家乡菜 家鄉菜 jia1 xiang1 cai4
regional dish; local cuisine

家乡鸡 家鄉雞 jia1 xiang1 ji1
home town chicken (item on a menu)

家信 家信 jia1 xin4
letter (to or from) home

家兄 家兄 jia1 xiong1
(polite) my elder brother

家训 家訓 jia1 xun4
instructions to one's children; family precepts

家鸦 家鴉 jia1 ya1
(bird species of China) house crow (Corvus splendens)

家鸭 家鴨 jia1 ya1
domestic duck

家鸭绿头鸭 家鴨綠頭鴨 jia1 ya1 lv4 tou2 ya1
mallard; duck (Anas platyrhyncha)

家严 家嚴 jia1 yan2
(polite) my father

家燕 家燕 jia1 yan4
(bird species of China) barn swallow (Hirundo rustica)

家养 家養 jia1 yang3
domestic (animals); home reared

家爷 家爺 jia1 ye2
(old) a term servants used to refer to their master

家业 家業 jia1 ye4
family property

家蝇 家蠅 jia1 ying2
house fly

家佣 家傭 jia1 yong1
domestic helper

家用 家用 jia1 yong4
home-use; domestic; family expenses; housekeeping money

家用电脑 家用電腦 jia1 yong4 dian4 nao3
home computer

家用电器 家用電器 jia1 yong4 dian4 qi4
domestic electric appliance

家语 家語 jia1 yu3
Book of Sayings of Confucius and his disciples, abbr. for 孔子家語|孔子家语

家喻户晓 家喻戶曉 jia1 yu4 hu4 xiao3
understood by everyone (idiom); well known; a household name

家园 家園 jia1 yuan2
home; homeland

家灶 家灶 jia1 zao4

家宅 家宅 jia1 zhai2
home; residence; house

家长 家長 jia1 zhang3
head of a household; family head; patriarch; parent or guardian of a child

家长会 家長會 jia1 zhang3 hui4
parent-teacher conference; parents' association

家长制 家長制 jia1 zhang3 zhi4
patriarchal system

家政 家政 jia1 zheng4

家政学 家政學 jia1 zheng4 xue2
family and consumer science

家政员 家政員 jia1 zheng4 yuan2
housekeeping staff

家赀万贯 家貲萬貫 jia1 zi1 wan4 guan4
immensely rich

家姊 家姊 jia1 zi3
my sister

家子 家子 jia1 zi5
household; family

家族 家族 jia1 zu2
family; clan

家族树 家族樹 jia1 zu2 shu4
a family tree

家祖 家祖 jia1 zu3
(polite) my paternal grandfather

鉴赏家 鑒賞家 jian4 shang3 jia1
connoisseur; appreciative person; fan

教育家 教育家 jiao4 yu4 jia1

金家庄 金家莊 jin1 jia1 zhuang1
Jinjiazhuang district of Ma'anshan city 馬鞍山市|马鞍山市, Anhui

金家庄区 金家莊區 jin1 jia1 zhuang1 qu1
Jinjiazhuang district of Ma'anshan city 馬鞍山市|马鞍山市, Anhui

金融家 金融家 jin1 rong2 jia1
financier; banker

经济学家 經濟學家 jing1 ji4 xue2 jia1

精神学家 精神學家 jing1 shen2 xue2 jia1

酒家 酒家 jiu3 jia1
restaurant; bartender; (old) wineshop; tavern

旧家 舊家 jiu4 jia1
notable former families

居家 居家 ju1 jia1
to live at home; to stay at home; home (schooling etc); in-home (care etc); household (repairs etc); living (environment etc)

举家 舉家 ju3 jia1
the whole family

剧作家 劇作家 ju4 zuo4 jia1

军事家 軍事家 jun1 shi4 jia1
military expert; general

看家 看家 kan1 jia1
to look after the house; (of skill, ability) special; outstanding

考古家 考古家 kao3 gu3 jia1

考古学家 考古學家 kao3 gu3 xue2 jia1

科学家 科學家 ke1 xue2 jia1

客家 客家 ke4 jia1
Hakka ethnic group (Han Chinese migrants from north to south China)

客家话 客家話 ke4 jia1 hua4
Hakka dialect

客家人 客家人 ke4 jia1 ren2
Hakka people

客家语 客家語 ke4 jia1 yu3
Hakka (a Chinese dialect)

垦丁国家公园 墾丁國家公園 ken3 ding1 guo2 jia1 gong1 yuan2
Kenting National Park on the Hengchun Peninsula 恆春半島|恒春半岛, Pingtung county, south Taiwan

孔子家语 孔子家語 kong3 zi3 jia1 yu3
Book of Sayings of Confucius and his disciples, probably by 3rd century forger Wang Su 王肅|王肃, abbr. to 家語|家语

拉家常 拉家常 la1 jia1 chang2
to talk or chat about ordinary daily life

拉家带口 拉家帶口 la1 jia1 dai4 kou3
to bear the burden of a household (idiom); encumbered by a family; tied down by family obligations

拉鲁湿地国家自然保护区 拉魯濕地國家自然保護區 la1 lu3 shi1 di4 guo2 jia1 zi4 ran2 bao3 hu4 qu1
Lhalu Wetland National Nature Reserve in Lhasa

老家 老家 lao3 jia1
native place; place of origin; home state or region

老家伙 老家伙 lao3 jia1 huo5
(coll.) old fellow; old codger

老家伙 老傢伙 lao3 jia1 huo5
variant of 老家伙

老家贼 老家賊 lao3 jia1 zei2
(dialect) sparrow

老人家 老人家 lao3 ren2 jia1
polite term for old woman or man

老天爷饿不死瞎家雀 老天爺餓不死瞎家雀 lao3 tian1 ye2 e4 bu4 si3 xia1 jia1 que4
lit. heaven won't let the sparrows go hungry (idiom); fig. don't give up hope; if you tough it out, there will be light at the end of the tunnel

离家别井 離家別井 li2 jia1 bie2 jing3
to leave home; to abandon one's family

离家出走 離家出走 li2 jia1 chu1 zou3
to leave home; to abandon one's family

理论家 理論家 li3 lun4 jia1
theorist; theoretician

理学家 理學家 li3 xue2 jia1
scholar of the rationalist school of Neo-Confucianism 理學|理学

历史家 歷史家 li4 shi3 jia1

历史学家 歷史學家 li4 shi3 xue2 jia1

恋家 戀家 lian4 jia1
home-loving; to feel a strong attachment to home life; to begrudge being away from home

良家 良家 liang2 jia1
good family; innocent people

良家女子 良家女子 liang2 jia1 nv3 zi3
woman from a respectable family; respectable woman

邻家 鄰家 lin2 jia1
next-door neighbor; neighboring household; adjacent country (short for 鄰接的國家|邻接的国家)

林家翘 林家翹 lin2 jia1 qiao2
Lin Chia-Chiao (1916-2013), Chinese-American physicist, astronomer and applied mathematician

刘家村 劉家村 liu2 jia1 cun1
Liujia village in Zhangdian district 张店区 of Zhibo city 淄博市, Shandong

刘家辉 劉家輝 liu2 jia1 hui1
Gordon Liu (1955-), Hong Kong action actor

刘家夼 劉家夼 liu2 jia1 kuang3
Liujiakuang township in Muping district 牟平區|牟平区, Yantai, Shandong

刘家夼镇 劉家夼鎮 liu2 jia1 kuang3 zhen4
Liujiakuang township in Muping district 牟平區|牟平区, Yantai, Shandong

流氓国家 流氓國家 liu2 mang2 guo2 jia1
rogue state

六朝四大家 六朝四大家 liu4 chao2 si4 da4 jia1
Four Great Painters of the Six dynasties, namely: Cao Buxing 曹不興|曹不兴, Gu Kaizhi 顧愷之|顾恺之, Lu Tanwei 陸探微|陆探微 and Zhang Sengyou 張僧繇|张僧繇

六家 六家 liu4 jia1
Six schools of pre-Han philosophy, as analyzed by 司馬談|司马谈 (儒家, 道家, 陰陽|阴阳, 法家, 名家, and 墨家)

罗家英 羅家英 luo2 jia1 ying1
Law Kar-Ying (1946-), Hong Kong actor

玛家 瑪家 ma3 jia1
Machia township in Pingtung County 屏東縣|屏东县, Taiwan

马家军 馬家軍 ma3 jia1 jun1
the Ma clique of warlords in Gansu and Ningxia during the 1930s and 1940s

玛家乡 瑪家鄉 ma3 jia1 xiang1
Machia township in Pingtung County 屏東縣|屏东县, Taiwan

马三家 馬三家 ma3 san1 jia1
Masanjia town in Yuhong District 于洪區|于洪区 in Liaoning, known for its labor camp where Falun Gong practitioners etc are believed to have been detained and tortured

买家 買家 mai3 jia1
buyer; client

卖家 賣家 mai4 jia1

漫画家 漫畫家 man4 hua4 jia1
cartoon writer (from Japanese mangaka)

冒险家 冒險家 mao4 xian3 jia1

美国国家标准学会 美國國家標準學會 mei3 guo2 guo2 jia1 biao1 zhun3 xue2 hui4
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

美国国家航空航天局 美國國家航空航天局 mei3 guo2 guo2 jia1 hang2 kong1 hang2 tian1 ju2
NASA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, agency of US government

美国国家航天航空局 美國國家航天航空局 mei3 guo2 guo2 jia1 hang2 tian1 hang2 kong1 ju2
National Aeronautics and Space Administration; NASA

美国国家侦察局 美國國家偵察局 mei3 guo2 guo2 jia1 zhen1 cha2 ju2
National Reconnaissance Office (of the United States)

美食家 美食家 mei3 shi2 jia1

美洲国家组织 美洲國家組織 mei3 zhou1 guo2 jia1 zu3 zhi1
Organization of American States

梦想家 夢想家 meng4 xiang3 jia1
dreamer; visionary

苗家 苗家 miao2 jia1
see 苗族

民家 民家 min2 jia1
minka; commoner's house; Bai ethnic group

民用核国家 民用核國家 min2 yong4 he2 guo2 jia1
civil nuclear power

名画家 名畫家 ming2 hua4 jia1
famous painter

名家 名家 ming2 jia1
School of Logicians of the Warring States Period (475-220 BC), also called the School of Names

名家 名家 ming2 jia1
renowned expert; master (of an art or craft)

墨家 墨家 mo4 jia1
Mohist School of the Warring States Period (475-220 BC), founded by the philosopher 墨子

男管家 男管家 nan2 guan3 jia1
butler; majordomo; housekeeper

男家 男家 nan2 jia1
man's family (in marriage)

娘家 娘家 niang2 jia5
married woman's parents' home

娘家姓 娘家姓 niang2 jia5 xing4
maiden name (of married woman)

农村家庭联产承包责任制 農村家庭聯產承包責任制 nong2 cun1 jia1 ting2 lian2 chan3 cheng2 bao1 ze2 ren4 zhi4
rural household contract responsibility system, PRC government policy linking rural income to productivity

农家 農家 nong2 jia1
School of Agriculture, school of thought of the Warring States Period (475-221 BC)

农家 農家 nong2 jia1
peasant family

农家乐 農家樂 nong2 jia1 le4
rural tourism; agritourism

农家庭院 農家庭院 nong2 jia1 ting2 yuan4

奴家 奴家 nu2 jia1
(old) your servant (humble self-reference by young female)

暖巢管家 暖巢管家 nuan3 chao2 guan3 jia1
housekeeper who looks after old people with no children or whose children do not live with them

女管家 女管家 nv3 guan3 jia1

女家 女家 nv3 jia1
bride's family (in marriage)

女人家 女人家 nv3 ren2 jia5
women (in general)

庞家堡区 龐家堡區 pang2 jia1 bao3 qu1
Pangjiabao district of Zhangjiakou city, Hebei

彭水苗族土家族自治县 彭水苗族土家族自治縣 peng2 shui3 miao2 zu2 tu3 jia1 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Pengshui Miao and Tujia autonomous county in Qianjiang suburbs of Chongqing municipality

批评家 批評家 pi1 ping2 jia1

平地起家 平地起家 ping2 di4 qi3 jia1
to start from scratch (idiom)

评论家 評論家 ping2 lun4 jia1
critic; reviewer

婆家 婆家 po2 jia5
husband's family

破家 破家 po4 jia1
to destroy one's family

铺家 鋪家 pu4 jia1
store; shop

齐家 齊家 qi2 jia1
to govern one's family; to manage one's household

齐家文化 齊家文化 qi2 jia1 wen2 hua4
Qijia neolithic culture, centered around the Gansu Corridor 河西走廊 c. 2000 BC

齐家治国 齊家治國 qi2 jia1 zhi4 guo2
to regulate the family and rule the state (idiom)

起家 起家 qi3 jia1
to start out by; to grow an enterprise beginning with; to begin one's career by

企业家 企業家 qi3 ye4 jia1

气候学家 氣候學家 qi4 hou4 xue2 jia1
a climatologist

千家万户 千家萬戶 qian1 jia1 wan4 hu4
every family (idiom)

千鸟渊国家公墓 千鳥淵國家公墓 qian1 niao3 yuan1 guo2 jia1 gong1 mu4
Chidori ga fuchi, national war cemetery in Tokyo; also called Tomb of the Unknown Soldier

钱多事少离家近 錢多事少離家近 qian2 duo1 shi4 shao3 li2 jia1 jin4
lots of money, less work, and close to home; ideal job

乾嘉三大家 乾嘉三大家 qian2 jia1 san1 da4 jia1
Three great poets of the Qianlong and Jiaqing era (1735-1820), namely: Yuan Mei 袁枚, Jiang Shiquan 蔣士銓|蒋士铨 and Zhao Yi 趙翼|赵翼

跷家 蹺家 qiao1 jia1
to run away from home

巧家 巧家 qiao3 jia1
Qiaojia county in Zhaotong 昭通, Yunnan

巧家县 巧家縣 qiao3 jia1 xian4
Qiaojia county in Zhaotong 昭通, Yunnan

亲如一家 親如一家 qin1 ru2 yi1 jia1
family-like close relationship (idiom)

侵入家宅者 侵入家宅者 qin1 ru4 jia1 zhai2 zhe3
housebreaker; burglar

勤俭持家 勤儉持家 qin2 jian3 chi2 jia1
hardworking and thrifty in running one's household

勤俭起家 勤儉起家 qin2 jian3 qi3 jia1
to rise up by thrift and hard work (idiom)

清官难断家务事 清官難斷家務事 qing1 guan1 nan2 duan4 jia1 wu4 shi4
even an honest and upright official will have difficulty resolving a family dispute (proverb)

倾家 傾家 qing1 jia1
to ruin a family; to lose a fortune

倾家荡产 傾家蕩產 qing1 jia1 dang4 chan3
to lose a family fortune (idiom)

亲家 親家 qing4 jia5
parents of one's daughter-in-law or son-in-law; relatives by marriage

穷家薄业 窮家薄業 qiong2 jia1 bo2 ye4
poor and with few means of subsistance (idiom); destitute

全家 全家 quan2 jia1
whole family

全家福 全家福 quan2 jia1 fu2
photograph of the entire family; hodgepodge (cookery)

人给家足 人給家足 ren2 ji3 jia1 zu2
lit. each household provided for, enough for the individual (idiom); comfortably off

人家 人家 ren2 jia1
household; dwelling; family; sb else's house; household business; house of woman's husband-to-be

人家 人家 ren2 jia5
other people; sb else; he, she or they; I, me (referring to oneself as "one" or "people")

人类学家 人類學家 ren2 lei4 xue2 jia1

儒家 儒家 ru2 jia1
Confucian school, founded by Confucius 孔子 (551-479 BC) and Mencius 孟子 (c. 372-c. 289 BC)

儒家思想 儒家思想 ru2 jia1 si1 xiang3
Confucian thoughts; the thinking of the Confucian school

如数家珍 如數家珍 ru2 shu3 jia1 zhen1
lit. as if enumerating one's family valuables (idiom); fig. to be very familiar with a matter

三家村 三家村 san1 jia1 cun1
lit. village of three households; name of essay column in Beijing newspaper from 1961-1966, written by Deng Tuo 鄧拓|邓拓, Wu Han 吳晗|吴晗 and Liao Mosha 廖沫沙, criticized as anti-party during the Cultural Revolution

丧家之狗 喪家之狗 sang4 jia1 zhi1 gou3
see 喪家之犬|丧家之犬

丧家之犬 喪家之犬 sang4 jia1 zhi1 quan3
stray dog (idiom)

沙家浜 沙家浜 sha1 jia1 bang1
"Sha Family's Creek", a Beijing opera classified as model theater 樣板戲|样板戏

煽动颠覆国家政权 煽動顛覆國家政權 shan1 dong4 dian1 fu4 guo2 jia1 zheng4 quan2
incitement to subvert state power (criminal charge used to gag free speech)

煽动颠覆国家罪 煽動顛覆國家罪 shan1 dong4 dian1 fu4 guo2 jia1 zui4
crime of conspiring to overthrow the state

商家 商家 shang1 jia1
merchant; business; enterprise

上家 上家 shang4 jia1
preceding player (in a game)

少年之家 少年之家 shao4 nian2 zhi1 jia1
children's center; children's club

摄影家 攝影家 she4 ying3 jia1

神家园 神家園 shen2 jia1 yuan2
spiritual home

神经学家 神經學家 shen2 jing1 xue2 jia1

神学家 神學家 shen2 xue2 jia1

生理学家 生理學家 sheng1 li3 xue2 jia1

生态学家 生態學家 sheng1 tai4 xue2 jia1

生物化学家 生物化學家 sheng1 wu4 hua4 xue2 jia1

生物学家 生物學家 sheng1 wu4 xue2 jia1

失独家庭 失獨家庭 shi1 du2 jia1 ting2
a family bereaved of its only child

实干家 實幹家 shi2 gan4 jia1
sb who gets things done; doer

石家庄 石家莊 shi2 jia1 zhuang1
Shijiazhuang prefecture level city and capital of Hebei Province 河北省 in north China

石家庄地区 石家莊地區 shi2 jia1 zhuang1 di4 qu1
Shijiazhuang prefecture in Hebei

石家庄市 石家莊市 shi2 jia1 zhuang1 shi4
Shijiazhuang prefecture level city and capital of Hebei Province 河北省 in north China

实业家 實業家 shi2 ye4 jia1

石柱土家族自治县 石柱土家族自治縣 shi2 zhu4 tu3 jia1 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Shizhu Tujia Autonomous County in Qianjiang suburbs of Chongqing municipality

史家 史家 shi3 jia1

史学家 史學家 shi3 xue2 jia1

世家 世家 shi4 jia1
family influential for generations; aristocratic family

世禄之家 世祿之家 shi4 lu4 zhi1 jia1
family with hereditary emoluments

事怕行家 事怕行家 shi4 pa4 hang2 jia1
an expert always produces the best work (idiom)

收藏家 收藏家 shou1 cang2 jia1
a collector (e.g. of artworks)

首家 首家 shou3 jia1
first (hotel of its type, store of its type etc)

书法家 書法家 shu1 fa3 jia1

书画家 書畫家 shu1 hua4 jia1
calligrapher and painter

数学家 數學家 shu4 xue2 jia1

水利家 水利家 shui3 li4 jia1
water manager; hydraulic engineer

私家 私家 si1 jia1
private; privately owned or managed

私家车 私家車 si1 jia1 che1
private car

思想家 思想家 si1 xiang3 jia1

四海为家 四海為家 si4 hai3 wei2 jia1
to regard the four corners of the world all as home (idiom); to feel at home anywhere; to roam about unconstrained; to consider the entire country, or world, to be one's own

送货到家 送貨到家 song4 huo4 dao4 jia1
home delivery

宋四家 宋四家 song4 si4 jia1
four famous Song calligraphers, namely: Su Shi 蘇軾|苏轼, Huang Tingjian 黃庭堅|黄庭坚, Mi Fu 米芾 and Cai Xiang 蔡襄

苏家屯 甦家屯 su1 jia1 tun2
Sujiatun district of Shenyang city 沈陽市|沈阳市, Liaoning

苏家屯区 甦家屯區 su1 jia1 tun2 qu1
Sujiatun district of Shenyang city 沈陽市|沈阳市, Liaoning

俗家 俗家 su2 jia1
layman; layperson; original home of a monk

算命家 算命家 suan4 ming4 jia1

探家 探家 tan4 jia1
to make a trip home

探险家 探險家 tan4 xian3 jia1

唐初四大家 唐初四大家 tang2 chu1 si4 da4 jia1
Four Great Calligraphers of early Tang; refers to Yu Shi'nan 虞世南, Ouyang Xun 陽歐詢|欧阳询, Chu Suiliang 褚遂良 and Xue Ji 薛稷

唐家山 唐家山 tang2 jia1 shan1
area in Beichuan county Sichuan

唐家璇 唐家璇 tang2 jia1 xuan2
Tang Jiaxuan (1938-), politician and diplomat

唐宋八大家 唐宋八大家 tang2 song4 ba1 da4 jia1
Eight Giants of Tang and Song prose, esp. involved in the Classics movement 古文運動|古文运动, namely: Han Yu 韓愈|韩愈, Liu Zongyuan 柳宗元, Ouyang Xiu 歐陽修|欧阳修, the Three Su father and sons 三蘇|三苏, Wang Anshi 王安石, Zeng Gong 曾鞏|曾巩

滕家 滕家 teng2 jia1
Tengjia township in Rongcheng 榮成|荣成, Weihai 威海, Shandong

滕家镇 滕家鎮 teng2 jia1 zhen4
Tengjia township in Rongcheng 榮成|荣成, Weihai 威海, Shandong

天体物理学家 天體物理學家 tian1 ti3 wu4 li3 xue2 jia1

天文学家 天文學家 tian1 wen2 xue2 jia1

田家庵 田家庵 tian2 jia1 an1
Tianji'an district of Huainan city 淮南市, Anhui

田家庵区 田家庵區 tian2 jia1 an1 qu1
Tianji'an district of Huainan city 淮南市, Anhui

头家 頭家 tou2 jia1
organizer of a gambling party who takes a cut of the winnings; banker (gambling); preceding player (in a game); (dialect) boss; proprietor

投资家 投資家 tou2 zi1 jia1

涂家 塗家 tu2 jia1
painter; artist

土家族 土家族 tu3 jia1 zu2
Tujia ethnic group of Hunan

拖家带口 拖家帶口 tuo1 jia1 dai4 kou3
dragged down by having a family to feed

外交家 外交家 wai4 jiao1 jia1

玩家 玩家 wan2 jia1
player (of a game); enthusiast (audio, model planes etc)

玩偶之家 玩偶之家 wan2 ou3 zhi1 jia1
Doll's House (1879), drama by Ibsen 易卜生

万贯家财 萬貫家財 wan4 guan4 jia1 cai2
vast wealth

万家灯火 萬家燈火 wan4 jia1 deng1 huo3
(of a city etc) ablaze with lights

万家乐 萬家樂 wan4 jia1 le4
Macro (brand)

王家 王家 wang2 jia1

王家瑞 王家瑞 wang2 jia1 rui4
Wang Jiarui (1949-), PRC politician and diplomat, from 2006 head of CPC central committee's external affairs department 對外聯絡部|对外联络部

王家卫 王家衛 wang2 jia1 wei4
Wong Kar-wai (1956-), Hong Kong film director

微生物学家 微生物學家 wei1 sheng1 wu4 xue2 jia1

温家宝 溫家寶 wen1 jia1 bao3
Wen Jiabao (1942-), Premier of PRC from 2003-2013

文学家 文學家 wen2 xue2 jia1
writer; man of letters

文字学家 文字學家 wen2 zi4 xue2 jia1
expert on writing systems

无家可归 無家可歸 wu2 jia1 ke3 gui1

五百年前是一家 五百年前是一家 wu3 bai3 nian2 qian2 shi4 yi1 jia1
five hundred years ago we were the same family (idiom) (said of persons with the same surname)

舞蹈家 舞蹈家 wu3 dao3 jia1

五峰土家族自治县 五峰土家族自治縣 wu3 feng1 tu3 jia1 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Wufeng Tujiazu Autonomous County in Hubei

伍家岗 伍家崗 wu3 jia1 gang3
Wujiagang district of Yichang city 宜昌市, Hubei

伍家岗区 伍家崗區 wu3 jia1 gang3 qu1
Wujiagang district of Yichang city 宜昌市, Hubei

五家渠 五家渠 wu3 jia1 qu2
Wujyachü shehiri (Wujiaqu city) or Wǔjiāqú subprefecture level city in Ili Kazakh autonomous prefecture in north Xinjiang

五家渠市 五家渠市 wu3 jia1 qu2 shi4
Wujyachü shehiri (Wujiaqu city) or Wǔjiāqú subprefecture level city in Ili Kazakh autonomous prefecture in north Xinjiang

物理学家 物理學家 wu4 li3 xue2 jia1

希西家 希西家 xi1 xi1 jia1
Hezekiah or Ezekias (740-687 BC), twelfth king of Judah (Judaism)

戏剧家 戲劇家 xi4 ju4 jia1
dramatist; playwright

下家 下家 xia4 jia1
player whose turn comes next (in a game); next one; my humble home

夏威夷火山国家公园 夏威夷火山國家公園 xia4 wei1 yi2 huo3 shan1 guo2 jia1 gong1 yuan2
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park

闲话家常 閑話家常 xian2 hua4 jia1 chang2
to chat about domestic trivia (idiom)

现代新儒家 現代新儒家 xian4 dai4 xin1 ru2 jia1
Modern New Confucianism; see also 新儒家

湘西土家族苗族自治州 湘西土家族苗族自治州 xiang1 xi1 tu3 jia1 zu2 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 zhou1
Xiangxi Tujia and Miao autonomous prefecture in northwest Hunan, capital Jishou 吉首

想家 想家 xiang3 jia1

向家坝 向家壩 xiang4 jia1 ba4
Xiangjiaba Dam, Yunnan, site of a hydropower station

小家碧玉 小家碧玉 xiao3 jia1 bi4 yu4
pretty daughter in a humble family

小家鼠 小家鼠 xiao3 jia1 shu3

小家子气 小家子氣 xiao3 jia1 zi5 qi4
petty; small-minded

小说家 小說家 xiao3 shuo1 jia1
School of Minor-talks, one of the Hundred Schools of Thought 諸子百家|诸子百家 during the Warring States Period (475-221 BC)

小说家 小說家 xiao3 shuo1 jia1

携家带眷 攜家帶眷 xie2 jia1 dai4 juan4
to take all one's family along (idiom); encumbered by a family; tied down by family obligations

携家带口 攜家帶口 xie2 jia1 dai4 kou3
to take all one's family along (idiom); encumbered by a family; tied down by family obligations

谢家集 謝家集 xie4 jia1 ji2
Xiejiaji district of Huainan city 淮南市, Anhui

谢家集区 謝家集區 xie4 jia1 ji2 qu1
Xiejiaji district of Huainan city 淮南市, Anhui

心理学家 心理學家 xin1 li3 xue2 jia1

辛普森一家 辛普森一家 xin1 pu3 sen1 yi1 jia1
The Simpsons (US TV series)

新儒家 新儒家 xin1 ru2 jia1
New Confucianism, a social and political movement founded in 1920s China that combines aspects of Western and Eastern philosophy; see also 當代新儒家|当代新儒家

新兴经济国家 新興經濟國家 xin1 xing1 jing1 ji4 guo2 jia1
developing economic state; developing nation

星家 星家 xing1 jia1
astrologist (in former times)

星命家 星命家 xing1 ming4 jia1
astrologer (esp. Daoist)

星相家 星相家 xing1 xiang4 jia1

行动艺术家 行動藝術家 xing2 dong4 yi4 shu4 jia1
performance artist

雄辩家 雄辯家 xiong2 bian4 jia1

秀山土家族苗族自治县 秀山土家族苗族自治縣 xiu4 shan1 tu3 jia1 zu2 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Xiushan Miao and Tujia autonomous county in Qianjiang suburbs of Chongqing municipality

徐家汇 徐家匯 xu2 jia1 hui4
Xujiahui, an area in 徐匯區|徐汇区, Xuhui district, central Shanghai

学家 學家 xue2 jia1

沿河土家族自治县 沿河土家族自治縣 yan2 he2 tu3 jia1 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Yanhe Tujia autonomous county in Tongren prefecture 銅仁地區|铜仁地区, Guizhou

演讲家 演講家 yan3 jiang3 jia1

杨福家 楊福家 yang2 fu2 jia1
Yang Fujia (1936-), nuclear physicist

杨家将 楊家將 yang2 jia1 jiang4
Yang Saga, a popular fiction from the Northern Song, depicting the heroic Yang family 楊業|杨业 of warriors

养家 養家 yang3 jia1
to support a family; to raise a family

养家糊口 養家糊口 yang3 jia1 hu2 kou3
to support one's family (idiom); to have difficulty feeding a family

养家活口 養家活口 yang3 jia1 huo2 kou3
to support one's family (idiom)

药物学家 藥物學家 yao4 wu4 xue2 jia1

一家 一家 yi1 jia1
the whole family; the same family; the family ... (when preceded by a family name); group

医家 醫家 yi1 jia1
healer; physician; medical man; doctor (esp. of TCM)

一家人 一家人 yi1 jia1 ren2
household; the whole family

一家之主 一家之主 yi1 jia1 zhi1 zhu3
master of the house; family head

一家子 一家子 yi1 jia1 zi5
the whole family

医学家 醫學家 yi1 xue2 jia1
medical scientist

医学专家 醫學專家 yi1 xue2 zhuan1 jia1
medical expert; medical specialist

宜家 宜家 yi2 jia1
IKEA, Swedish furniture retailer

贻笑方家 貽笑方家 yi2 xiao4 fang1 jia1
a novice making a fool of himself; to make oneself ridiculous before experts

艺术家 藝術家 yi4 shu4 jia1

阴阳家 陰陽家 yin1 yang2 jia1
School of Yin-Yang of the Warring States Period (475-221 BC) founded by Zou Yan 鄒衍|邹衍

音乐家 音樂家 yin1 yue4 jia1

银行家 銀行家 yin2 hang2 jia1

印江土家族苗族自治县 印江土家族苗族自治縣 yin4 jiang1 tu3 jia1 zu2 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Yinjiang Tujia and Hmong autonomous county in Tongren prefecture 銅仁地區|铜仁地区, Guizhou

英国皇家学会 英國皇家學會 ying1 guo2 huang2 jia1 xue2 hui4
Royal Society

赢家 贏家 ying2 jia1

有核国家 有核國家 you3 he2 guo2 jia1
nuclear weapon states

酉阳土家族苗族自治县 酉陽土家族苗族自治縣 you3 yang2 tu3 jia1 zu2 miao2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Youyang Miao and Tujia autonomous county in Qianjiang suburbs of Chongqing municipality

语言学家 語言學家 yu3 yan2 xue2 jia1

预言家 預言家 yu4 yan2 jia1

冤家对头 冤家對頭 yuan1 jia1 dui4 tou2
enemy (idiom); opponent; arch-enemy

冤家路窄 冤家路窄 yuan1 jia1 lu4 zhai3
lit. enemies on a narrow road (idiom); fig. an inevitable clash between opposing factions

冤家宜解不宜结 冤家宜解不宜結 yuan1 jia1 yi2 jie3 bu4 yi2 jie2
It is better to squash enmity rather than keeping it alive (proverb)

冤家 冤家 yuan1 jia5
enemy; foe; (in opera) sweetheart or destined love

元曲四大家 元曲四大家 yuan2 qu3 si4 da4 jia1
Four Great Yuan Dramatists, namely: Guan Hanqing 關漢卿|关汉卿, Zheng Guangzu 鄭光祖|郑光祖, Ma Zhiyuan 馬致遠|马致远 and Bai Pu 白樸|白朴

原子科学家 原子科學家 yuan2 zi3 ke1 xue2 jia1
atomic scientist; nuclear scientist

原子科学家通报 原子科學家通報 yuan2 zi3 ke1 xue2 jia1 tong1 bao4
Journal of Atomic Scientists

岳家 岳家 yue4 jia1
wife's parents' home

运动家 運動家 yun4 dong4 jia1
athlete; sportsman; activist

杂家 雜家 za2 jia1
Miscellaneous School of the Warring States Period (475-221 BC) whose leading advocate was Lü Buwei 呂不韋|吕不韦

咱家 咱家 za2 jia1
I; me; my; (often used in early vernacular literature)

杂剧四大家 雜劇四大家 za2 ju4 si4 da4 jia1
Four Great Yuan Dramatists, namely: Guan Hanqing 關漢卿|关汉卿, Zheng Guangzu 鄭光祖|郑光祖, Ma Zhiyuan 馬致遠|马致远 and Bai Pu 白樸|白朴

在家靠父母,出门靠朋友 在家靠父母,出門靠朋友 zai4 jia1 kao4 fu4 mu3 - chu1 men2 kao4 peng2 you5
one depends on one's parents when at home, and on one's friends when away from home (idiom)

在家靠父母,出外靠朋友 在家靠父母,出外靠朋友 zai4 jia1 kao4 fu4 mu3 - chu1 wai4 kao4 peng2 you5
one depends on one's parents when at home, and on one's friends when away from home (idiom)

在家千日好,出门一时难 在家千日好,出門一時難 zai4 jia1 qian1 ri4 hao3 - chu1 men2 yi1 shi2 nan2
lit. at home, one can spend a thousand days in comfort, but spending a day away from home can be challenging (idiom); fig. there's no place like home

咱家 咱家 zan2 jia1
I; me; we; my home; our house

臧克家 臧克家 zang1 ke4 jia1
Zang Kejia (1905-2004), Chinese poet

占星家 占星家 zhan1 xing1 jia1

战略家 戰略家 zhan4 lve4 jia1
a strategist

张家长,李家短 張家長,李家短 zhang1 jia1 chang2 - li3 jia1 duan3
lit. the Zhangs are better off than the Lis (idiom); to gossip about the neighbors

张家川回族自治县 張家川回族自治縣 zhang1 jia1 chuan1 hui2 zu2 zi4 zhi4 xian4
Zhanjiachuan Huizu autonomous county in Gansu

张家港 張家港 zhang1 jia1 gang3
Zhangjiagang county level city in Suzhou 蘇州|苏州, Jiangsu

张家港市 張家港市 zhang1 jia1 gang3 shi4
Zhangjiagang county level city in Suzhou 蘇州|苏州, Jiangsu

张家界 張家界 zhang1 jia1 jie4
Zhangjiajie prefecture level city in Hunan, formerly Dayong 大庸

张家界市 張家界市 zhang1 jia1 jie4 shi4
Zhangjiajie prefecture level city in Hunan

张家口 張家口 zhang1 jia1 kou3
Zhangjiakou prefecture level city in Hebei

张家口地区 張家口地區 zhang1 jia1 kou3 di4 qu1
Zhangjiakou prefecture in Hebei

张家口市 張家口市 zhang1 jia1 kou3 shi4
Zhangjiakou prefecture level city in Hebei

哲学家 哲學家 zhe2 xue2 jia1

政治家 政治家 zheng4 zhi4 jia1
statesman; politician

植物学家 植物學家 zhi2 wu4 xue2 jia1

指挥家 指揮家 zhi3 hui1 jia1
conductor (music)

中国国家博物馆 中國國家博物館 zhong1 guo2 guo2 jia1 bo2 wu4 guan3
National Museum of China

中国国家地震局 中國國家地震局 zhong1 guo2 guo2 jia1 di4 zhen4 ju2
China earthquake administration (CEA); State seismological bureau

中国国家航天局 中國國家航天局 zhong1 guo2 guo2 jia1 hang2 tian1 ju2
China National Space Administration (CNSA)

中国国家环保局 中國國家環保局 zhong1 guo2 guo2 jia1 huan2 bao3 ju2
PRC State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA)

中国国家环境保护总局 中國國家環境保護總局 zhong1 guo2 guo2 jia1 huan2 jing4 bao3 hu4 zong3 ju2
PRC State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA)

中国国家原子能机构 中國國家原子能機構 zhong1 guo2 guo2 jia1 yuan2 zi3 neng2 ji1 gou4
China Atomic Energy Agency (CAEA)

中国左翼作家联盟 中國左翼作家聯盟 zhong1 guo2 zuo3 yi4 zuo4 jia1 lian2 meng2
the League of the Left-Wing Writers, an organization of writers formed in China in 1930

中国作家协会 中國作家協會 zhong1 guo2 zuo4 jia1 xie2 hui4
China Writers Association (CWA)

周家 周家 zhou1 jia1
the Zhou family (household, firm etc); Jow-Ga Kung Fu - Martial Art

诸子百家 諸子百家 zhu1 zi3 bai3 jia1
the Hundred Schools of Thought, the various schools of thought and their exponents during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods (770-220 BC)

诸子十家 諸子十家 zhu1 zi3 shi2 jia1
various sages and ten schools of thought; refers to the classical schools of thought, e.g. Confucianism 儒 represented by Confucius 孔子 and Mencius 孟子, Daoism 道 by Laozi 老子 and Zhuangzi 莊子|庄子, Mohism 墨 by Mozi 墨子, Legalism 法 by Sunzi 孫子|孙子 and Han Feizi 韓非子

主权国家 主權國家 zhu3 quan2 guo2 jia1
sovereign country

住家 住家 zhu4 jia1
residence; household; to reside

专家 專家 zhuan1 jia1
expert; specialist

专家评价 專家評價 zhuan1 jia1 ping2 jia4
expert evaluation

专家评论 專家評論 zhuan1 jia1 ping2 lun4
expert commentary

专家系统 專家系統 zhuan1 jia1 xi4 tong3
expert system

专门家 專門家 zhuan1 men2 jia1

庄家 莊家 zhuang1 jia1
farmhouse; banker (gambling)

资本家 資本家 zi1 ben3 jia1

子不嫌母丑,狗不嫌家贫 子不嫌母醜,狗不嫌家貧 zi3 bu4 xian2 mu3 chou3 - gou3 bu4 xian2 jia1 pin2
see 兒不嫌母醜,狗不嫌家貧|儿不嫌母丑,狗不嫌家贫

自报家门 自報家門 zi4 bao4 jia1 men2
to introduce oneself; originally a theatrical device in which a character explains his own role

自成一家 自成一家 zi4 cheng2 yi1 jia1
to have a style of one's own

自家 自家 zi4 jia1
oneself; one's own family

自家人 自家人 zi4 jia1 ren2
sb with whom one is on familiar terms; sb from the same place (same house, same town etc); one of us

纵横家 縱橫家 zong4 heng2 jia1
School of Diplomacy of the Warring States Period (475-221 BC) whose leading advocates were Su Qin 蘇秦|苏秦 and Zhang Yi 張儀|张仪

走娘家 走娘家 zou3 niang2 jia1
(of a wife) to visit one's parental home

走自己的路,让人家去说 走自己的路,讓人家去說 zou3 zi4 ji3 de5 lu4 - rang4 ren2 jia1 qu4 shuo1
Go your own way, let others say what they like. (popular modern cliche); Do it my way.

作家 作家 zuo4 jia1

作曲家 作曲家 zuo4 qu3 jia1
composer; songwriter

做人家 做人家 zuo4 ren2 jia1
thrifty; economical